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Infant and Child Mortality in Ethiopia

Asmare, Desta Mekonnen LU (2011) EKHR02 20111
Department of Economic History
Abstract
This paper examined and identifies the important determinants of infant and child mortality in Ethiopia. The 2000 and 2005 Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) data were used. Logistic regression method were used to determine the impact of bio-demographic (proximate) and socioeconomic determinants on infant and child mortality. The infant and child mortality reduced during the period 2000 and 2005. The results show that among bio-demographic factors marital status, birth order, type of birth and preceding birth interval are the important proximate determinants for both infant and child mortality. However, breast feeding has a significant impact on infant mortality. Among Socioeconomic determinants education, household size and sex of... (More)
This paper examined and identifies the important determinants of infant and child mortality in Ethiopia. The 2000 and 2005 Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) data were used. Logistic regression method were used to determine the impact of bio-demographic (proximate) and socioeconomic determinants on infant and child mortality. The infant and child mortality reduced during the period 2000 and 2005. The results show that among bio-demographic factors marital status, birth order, type of birth and preceding birth interval are the important proximate determinants for both infant and child mortality. However, breast feeding has a significant impact on infant mortality. Among Socioeconomic determinants education, household size and sex of household are the most important determinants for both infant and child mortality. However, other socioeconomic variables diminished their impact and environmental factors lack their impact on infant and child mortality. Therefore policies should be revised and implement and health intervention program that focus on mothers and children health should be strong to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of infant and child mortality in the remaining years and in addition the policies should be focus on improving both mothers and fathers education and prolonged breast feeding should be encouraged. (Less)
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author
Asmare, Desta Mekonnen LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHR02 20111
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Ethiopia., Infant mortality, bio-demographic factors, child mortality, socioeconomic factors
language
English
id
2060678
date added to LUP
2011-08-09 11:32:06
date last changed
2011-08-09 11:32:06
@misc{2060678,
  abstract     = {This paper examined and identifies the important determinants of infant and child mortality in Ethiopia. The 2000 and 2005 Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS) data were used. Logistic regression method were used to determine the impact of bio-demographic (proximate) and socioeconomic determinants on infant and child mortality. The infant and child mortality reduced during the period 2000 and 2005. The results show that among bio-demographic factors marital status, birth order, type of birth and preceding birth interval are the important proximate determinants for both infant and child mortality. However, breast feeding has a significant impact on infant mortality. Among Socioeconomic determinants education, household size and sex of household are the most important determinants for both infant and child mortality. However, other socioeconomic variables diminished their impact and environmental factors lack their impact on infant and child mortality. Therefore policies should be revised and implement and health intervention program that focus on mothers and children health should be strong to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of infant and child mortality in the remaining years and in addition the policies should be focus on improving both mothers and fathers education and prolonged breast feeding should be encouraged.},
  author       = {Asmare, Desta Mekonnen},
  keyword      = {Ethiopia.,Infant mortality,bio-demographic factors,child mortality,socioeconomic factors},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Infant and Child Mortality in Ethiopia},
  year         = {2011},
}