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Fire safety in military vehicles – Evaluation of ISO 3795

Svebrant, Johan LU (2011) In LUTVDG/TVBB-5370-SE VBRM01 20112
Fire Protection Engineering 3,5 years
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety
Abstract
This work has evaluated ISO 3795. It was found that ISO 3795 isn’t a suitable method to test interior materials and its use has led to a low level of fire safety in military vehicles. A different test method to be used for fire testing interior materials in military vehicles was suggested; ISO 5660 cone calorimeter. Eleven different interior materials from two military vehicles were tested in the cone calorimeter at 25 and 50 kW/m2. Time to ignition was found to be short and the heat release rate to be high. The materials were evaluated according to criteria used for trains, high speed crafts and submarines. Only one material passed, but only for use on trains and only according to the criterion for 25 kW/m2, and not the criterion for 50... (More)
This work has evaluated ISO 3795. It was found that ISO 3795 isn’t a suitable method to test interior materials and its use has led to a low level of fire safety in military vehicles. A different test method to be used for fire testing interior materials in military vehicles was suggested; ISO 5660 cone calorimeter. Eleven different interior materials from two military vehicles were tested in the cone calorimeter at 25 and 50 kW/m2. Time to ignition was found to be short and the heat release rate to be high. The materials were evaluated according to criteria used for trains, high speed crafts and submarines. Only one material passed, but only for use on trains and only according to the criterion for 25 kW/m2, and not the criterion for 50 kW/m2. All other materials failed. A comparison was made with materials from cars and buses which have been tested earlier in other studies. It was found that materials from military vehicles ignite just as fast, or faster, but have a lower heat release rate. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Svebrant, Johan LU
supervisor
organization
course
VBRM01 20112
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
ISO 3795, ISO 5660, cone calorimeter, FMVSS 302, test method, heat release rate, HRR, time to ignition, interior materials, military vehicles, fire safety, fire tests
publication/series
LUTVDG/TVBB-5370-SE
report number
5370
ISSN
1402-3504
language
Swedish
id
2227321
date added to LUP
2011-12-19 11:52:38
date last changed
2014-03-10 10:40:40
@misc{2227321,
  abstract     = {This work has evaluated ISO 3795. It was found that ISO 3795 isn’t a suitable method to test interior materials and its use has led to a low level of fire safety in military vehicles. A different test method to be used for fire testing interior materials in military vehicles was suggested; ISO 5660 cone calorimeter. Eleven different interior materials from two military vehicles were tested in the cone calorimeter at 25 and 50 kW/m2. Time to ignition was found to be short and the heat release rate to be high. The materials were evaluated according to criteria used for trains, high speed crafts and submarines. Only one material passed, but only for use on trains and only according to the criterion for 25 kW/m2, and not the criterion for 50 kW/m2. All other materials failed. A comparison was made with materials from cars and buses which have been tested earlier in other studies. It was found that materials from military vehicles ignite just as fast, or faster, but have a lower heat release rate.},
  author       = {Svebrant, Johan},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  keyword      = {ISO 3795,ISO 5660,cone calorimeter,FMVSS 302,test method,heat release rate,HRR,time to ignition,interior materials,military vehicles,fire safety,fire tests},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB-5370-SE},
  title        = {Fire safety in military vehicles – Evaluation of ISO 3795},
  year         = {2011},
}