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Folkbokföring i Kina - En studie av uppkomsten av hukou

Hidenfalk, Steve LU (2012) KINK11 20121
Chinese Studies
Abstract (Swedish)
Bland det första Kommunistpartiet gjorde när Folkrepubliken Kina etablerades år 1949 var att upprätta ett eget folkbokföringssystem, det s.k. hukousystemet. Det var egentligen inte helt nytt, utan snarare en ny variant av det system som skapats redan år 1931 av nationalistiska Guomindang. Regelverken i de båda systemen är mycket lika och vissa element kan dessutom spåras många dynastier tillbaka i tiden.

Hukou upprättades av flera anledningar, till de viktigaste hör att snabbt få ordning på det nya ransoneringssystemet och för att kunna hitta interna fiender. Hukou kom att spela en mycket viktig roll i Folkrepubliken Kina och gör det än idag. Med en liten bok innehållande en persons uppgifter skedde alla hukourelaterande ärenden via... (More)
Bland det första Kommunistpartiet gjorde när Folkrepubliken Kina etablerades år 1949 var att upprätta ett eget folkbokföringssystem, det s.k. hukousystemet. Det var egentligen inte helt nytt, utan snarare en ny variant av det system som skapats redan år 1931 av nationalistiska Guomindang. Regelverken i de båda systemen är mycket lika och vissa element kan dessutom spåras många dynastier tillbaka i tiden.

Hukou upprättades av flera anledningar, till de viktigaste hör att snabbt få ordning på det nya ransoneringssystemet och för att kunna hitta interna fiender. Hukou kom att spela en mycket viktig roll i Folkrepubliken Kina och gör det än idag. Med en liten bok innehållande en persons uppgifter skedde alla hukourelaterande ärenden via det lokala poliskontoret, där händelser som giftermål och byte av arbete skulle rapporteras. Vikten av hukou är svår att överskatta och kan, vad åren efter det Kalla Kriget beträffar, delvis jämföras med ett inrikespass, som krävdes vid identifiering och migration. (Less)
Abstract
Immediately after founding the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the communist party established their own household registration system called hukou. Although a new system, hukou had much in common with the previous household register set up in 1931 by the Guomindang government. Both systems had similar regulations and some elements have roots in the Imperial China.

Hukou was established for several reasons, with a smooth implementation of the rationing system and finding domestic enemies being the most important. Hukou grew to be a major social feature in modern China and still remains vital. Hukou registration and other matters were subjects of the local police station, where citizens brought their hukou certificate, a small book... (More)
Immediately after founding the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the communist party established their own household registration system called hukou. Although a new system, hukou had much in common with the previous household register set up in 1931 by the Guomindang government. Both systems had similar regulations and some elements have roots in the Imperial China.

Hukou was established for several reasons, with a smooth implementation of the rationing system and finding domestic enemies being the most important. Hukou grew to be a major social feature in modern China and still remains vital. Hukou registration and other matters were subjects of the local police station, where citizens brought their hukou certificate, a small book containing their personal information. The overall significance of hukou is enormous and can roughly be compared to an internal passport, used for identification and migration. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Hidenfalk, Steve LU
supervisor
organization
course
KINK11 20121
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Hukou, Baojia, Folkbokföring, Kina
language
Swedish
id
2855827
date added to LUP
2012-07-02 16:35:05
date last changed
2012-07-02 16:35:05
@misc{2855827,
  abstract     = {Immediately after founding the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the communist party established their own household registration system called hukou. Although a new system, hukou had much in common with the previous household register set up in 1931 by the Guomindang government. Both systems had similar regulations and some elements have roots in the Imperial China. 

Hukou was established for several reasons, with a smooth implementation of the rationing system and finding domestic enemies being the most important. Hukou grew to be a major social feature in modern China and still remains vital. Hukou registration and other matters were subjects of the local police station, where citizens brought their hukou certificate, a small book containing their personal information. The overall significance of hukou is enormous and can roughly be compared to an internal passport, used for identification and migration.},
  author       = {Hidenfalk, Steve},
  keyword      = {Hukou,Baojia,Folkbokföring,Kina},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Folkbokföring i Kina - En studie av uppkomsten av hukou},
  year         = {2012},
}