Advanced

Utformning av lokala miljömålsprogram – erfarenheter och lärdomar kring utvecklingen av kommunala miljömålsprogram med fokus på utformning och utformningsprocess

Krantz, Elvira (2012) MVEM12 20121
Studies in Environmental Science
Abstract
In 1999 the sixteen national environmental quality objectives were adopted by the Swedish parliament and in effort to achieve them the local perspective is considered essential. The environmental quality objectives should, according to the Swedish government, be a part of the municipality's overall policy on sustainable development and it is important that environmental aspects are taken into account in policy decisions, planning and supervision. Today a majority of the Swedish municipalities are, to some extent, working with environmental goals. Furthermore, approximately 64 percent of all municipalities in Sweden have an environmental planning programme whereof several have created a few generations of environmental programmes over the... (More)
In 1999 the sixteen national environmental quality objectives were adopted by the Swedish parliament and in effort to achieve them the local perspective is considered essential. The environmental quality objectives should, according to the Swedish government, be a part of the municipality's overall policy on sustainable development and it is important that environmental aspects are taken into account in policy decisions, planning and supervision. Today a majority of the Swedish municipalities are, to some extent, working with environmental goals. Furthermore, approximately 64 percent of all municipalities in Sweden have an environmental planning programme whereof several have created a few generations of environmental programmes over the years.

The purpose of this paper is to trace valuable experiences related to the development of environmental programs in Swedish municipalities. The aim of this study is, through an examination of three municipalities, past and current environmental programmes, describe its design, the design process and examine the possible changes in “different generations” of environmental programmes. The changes can be assumed to reflect the municipalities’ experiences and lessons learned along the way. Three municipalities - Halmstad, Helsingborg and Burlöv were examined through analysis of their two last generations of environmental programmes. In addition to this, field data (experiences and lessons learned) related to the design process, changes and development of their environmental programmes was collected.

The study shows that an increase in environmental awareness and more focus on climate were found in the examined municipalities. In addition, the study illustrates that the two bigger municipalities examined have a tendency to go from a strict programme to put more responsibility on creating goals on different units and individuals rather than “telling them what to do”. In this way they get a more actual and flexible programme that is easier to deal with on a political level. However, this kind of programme requires an extensive implementation, knowledge, motivation and education in order to operate in a successful way. Hence, this also requires resources (economic, personnel etc.) which are a problem for municipalities with less resources (i.e. small municipalities) and they therefore tend to have an environmental programme more affected of the regional and national design and models, which Burlöv is an example of. In all investigated municipalities it has been shown that it is important that the environmental programme is “owned” by the whole organisation and primary a matter for the local municipality government since environment is a comprehensive matter. The recommendation of this paper is to give small municipalities or municipalities with less resources more opportunities to share experiences and lessons learned, especially now when the environmental programme has become or are becoming a common strategic document for almost every municipality, big or small. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Krantz, Elvira
supervisor
organization
course
MVEM12 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
Swedish
id
3167422
date added to LUP
2012-11-13 11:51:11
date last changed
2013-01-17 16:55:56
@misc{3167422,
  abstract     = {In 1999 the sixteen national environmental quality objectives were adopted by the Swedish parliament and in effort to achieve them the local perspective is considered essential. The environmental quality objectives should, according to the Swedish government, be a part of the municipality's overall policy on sustainable development and it is important that environmental aspects are taken into account in policy decisions, planning and supervision. Today a majority of the Swedish municipalities are, to some extent, working with environmental goals. Furthermore, approximately 64 percent of all municipalities in Sweden have an environmental planning programme whereof several have created a few generations of environmental programmes over the years.

The purpose of this paper is to trace valuable experiences related to the development of environmental programs in Swedish municipalities. The aim of this study is, through an examination of three municipalities, past and current environmental programmes, describe its design, the design process and examine the possible changes in “different generations” of environmental programmes. The changes can be assumed to reflect the municipalities’ experiences and lessons learned along the way. Three municipalities - Halmstad, Helsingborg and Burlöv were examined through analysis of their two last generations of environmental programmes. In addition to this, field data (experiences and lessons learned) related to the design process, changes and development of their environmental programmes was collected. 

The study shows that an increase in environmental awareness and more focus on climate were found in the examined municipalities. In addition, the study illustrates that the two bigger municipalities examined have a tendency to go from a strict programme to put more responsibility on creating goals on different units and individuals rather than “telling them what to do”. In this way they get a more actual and flexible programme that is easier to deal with on a political level. However, this kind of programme requires an extensive implementation, knowledge, motivation and education in order to operate in a successful way. Hence, this also requires resources (economic, personnel etc.) which are a problem for municipalities with less resources (i.e. small municipalities) and they therefore tend to have an environmental programme more affected of the regional and national design and models, which Burlöv is an example of. In all investigated municipalities it has been shown that it is important that the environmental programme is “owned” by the whole organisation and primary a matter for the local municipality government since environment is a comprehensive matter. The recommendation of this paper is to give small municipalities or municipalities with less resources more opportunities to share experiences and lessons learned, especially now when the environmental programme has become or are becoming a common strategic document for almost every municipality, big or small.},
  author       = {Krantz, Elvira},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Utformning av lokala miljömålsprogram – erfarenheter och lärdomar kring utvecklingen av kommunala miljömålsprogram med fokus på utformning och utformningsprocess},
  year         = {2012},
}