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Prospects and Pitfalls in the Pursuit of Peace

Hallin Veres, Samuel LU (2015) MIDM19 20151
LUMID International Master programme in applied International Development and Management
Abstract
This thesis presented an in-depth qualitative case study of the peace process between the Colombian state and the FARC guerrilla from 2012 and onwards. The purpose of it was to problematize the peace process by investigating the prospects and pitfalls of negotiating peace within a neoliberal development model, by asking what reasons there are to believe that the process will lead to peace, contrasting past experiences. The analysis was made by applying Johan Galtung’s understanding of peace combined with theories on how inequalities are connected to peace and conflict. Through interviews with actors involved in the peace process and by consulting several secondary sources a mixed picture of the prospects to gain peace became evident. On... (More)
This thesis presented an in-depth qualitative case study of the peace process between the Colombian state and the FARC guerrilla from 2012 and onwards. The purpose of it was to problematize the peace process by investigating the prospects and pitfalls of negotiating peace within a neoliberal development model, by asking what reasons there are to believe that the process will lead to peace, contrasting past experiences. The analysis was made by applying Johan Galtung’s understanding of peace combined with theories on how inequalities are connected to peace and conflict. Through interviews with actors involved in the peace process and by consulting several secondary sources a mixed picture of the prospects to gain peace became evident. On the one hand not discussing the development model could be one of the reasons for the negotiations to proceed while on the other hand experiences from other cases have shown that leaving out root causes to conflict might lead to the continuation of violence after a peace agreement is signed. The interviewed civil society actors lifted the same concerns. This study has shown the complexity of gaining peace and that ending the armed conflict cannot be the sole purpose of a peace process. (Less)
Abstract (Spanish)
Esta tesis presenta un estudio de caso del proceso de paz entre el Estado Colombiano y la guerrilla de las FARC desde el 2012 hasta la actualidad. El objetivo de la tesis es problematizar el proceso de paz a través de una exploración de las posibilidades y los desafíos de negociar la paz dentro un modelo de desarrollo neoliberal. Esta tesis se pregunta por las razones que existen para pensar que este proceso llevará a la paz a diferencia de experiencias pasadas de negociación en Colombia. El análisis se lleva a cabo aplicando el abordaje que Johan Galtung ha desarrollado sobre la paz combinándolo con teorías sobre cómo las desigualdades se relacionan con la paz y el conflicto. La exploración de la perspectiva de varios actores involucrados... (More)
Esta tesis presenta un estudio de caso del proceso de paz entre el Estado Colombiano y la guerrilla de las FARC desde el 2012 hasta la actualidad. El objetivo de la tesis es problematizar el proceso de paz a través de una exploración de las posibilidades y los desafíos de negociar la paz dentro un modelo de desarrollo neoliberal. Esta tesis se pregunta por las razones que existen para pensar que este proceso llevará a la paz a diferencia de experiencias pasadas de negociación en Colombia. El análisis se lleva a cabo aplicando el abordaje que Johan Galtung ha desarrollado sobre la paz combinándolo con teorías sobre cómo las desigualdades se relacionan con la paz y el conflicto. La exploración de la perspectiva de varios actores involucrados en el proceso de paz junto con la consulta de varias fuentes secundarias permitió poner en evidencia un panorama mixto sobre las posibilidades de conseguir paz en Colombia. Por una parte, el hecho de no discutir el modelo de desarrollo podría ser una de las razones por las que aún se negocia la paz, mientras que las experiencias de otros casos han demostrado que no abordar las causas estructurales del conflicto podría llevar a la continuación de la violencia después de que un acuerdo de paz sea firmado. Los actores de la sociedad civil entrevistados para esta tesis manifestaron las mismas preocupaciones. Este estudio ha demostrado la complejidad de obtener paz y que poner fin a un conflicto armado no puede ser el único objetivo de un proceso de paz. (Less)
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author
Hallin Veres, Samuel LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
A Case Study of the On-Going Peace Process in Colombia
course
MIDM19 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
peace process, conflict, development, inequality, Colombia, FARC, positive peace, Galtung
language
English
id
5421967
date added to LUP
2015-06-29 15:22:24
date last changed
2015-06-29 15:22:24
@misc{5421967,
  abstract     = {This thesis presented an in-depth qualitative case study of the peace process between the Colombian state and the FARC guerrilla from 2012 and onwards. The purpose of it was to problematize the peace process by investigating the prospects and pitfalls of negotiating peace within a neoliberal development model, by asking what reasons there are to believe that the process will lead to peace, contrasting past experiences. The analysis was made by applying Johan Galtung’s understanding of peace combined with theories on how inequalities are connected to peace and conflict. Through interviews with actors involved in the peace process and by consulting several secondary sources a mixed picture of the prospects to gain peace became evident. On the one hand not discussing the development model could be one of the reasons for the negotiations to proceed while on the other hand experiences from other cases have shown that leaving out root causes to conflict might lead to the continuation of violence after a peace agreement is signed. The interviewed civil society actors lifted the same concerns. This study has shown the complexity of gaining peace and that ending the armed conflict cannot be the sole purpose of a peace process.},
  author       = {Hallin Veres, Samuel},
  keyword      = {peace process,conflict,development,inequality,Colombia,FARC,positive peace,Galtung},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Prospects and Pitfalls in the Pursuit of Peace},
  year         = {2015},
}