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On the Evolution of the Determinants of Household Poverty in Mexico: a Logistic Regression Analysis

Serratos Sotelo, Luis Adrian LU (2015) EKHM52 20151
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America, has almost eradicated extreme poverty according to the Millennium Development Goals; however, official statistics show that by national standards poverty levels are still quite high, reaching up to half its population. This paper looks into how the determinants of poverty in Mexico have evolved after the last major economic crisis the country experienced in the mid-90s. Using biennial survey data from 1996-2012, this paper aims to answer a two-fold question: (i) which household characteristics (demographic, socio-economic, and place of residence) are associated with a higher probability of poverty, and (ii) how much have these determinants changed over time? The results show that being a... (More)
Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America, has almost eradicated extreme poverty according to the Millennium Development Goals; however, official statistics show that by national standards poverty levels are still quite high, reaching up to half its population. This paper looks into how the determinants of poverty in Mexico have evolved after the last major economic crisis the country experienced in the mid-90s. Using biennial survey data from 1996-2012, this paper aims to answer a two-fold question: (i) which household characteristics (demographic, socio-economic, and place of residence) are associated with a higher probability of poverty, and (ii) how much have these determinants changed over time? The results show that being a larger-than-average, a rural-located, or a female-headed household, having a household head that had no formal education or whose work lied in agriculture or other primary activities are all highly associated with poverty. The analysis of the dynamics shows that the effects of gender, education, non-agricultural occupations, and household size changed significantly during the studied period. The results imply that the effect of education is decreasing as the average educational level rises, while holding an industrial or services job is still an important factor to avoid poverty. (Less)
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author
Serratos Sotelo, Luis Adrian LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Mexico, determinants, occupation, gender, education, poverty
language
English
id
7511383
date added to LUP
2015-09-10 15:00:17
date last changed
2015-09-10 15:00:17
@misc{7511383,
  abstract     = {Mexico, the second largest economy in Latin America, has almost eradicated extreme poverty according to the Millennium Development Goals; however, official statistics show that by national standards poverty levels are still quite high, reaching up to half its population. This paper looks into how the determinants of poverty in Mexico have evolved after the last major economic crisis the country experienced in the mid-90s. Using biennial survey data from 1996-2012, this paper aims to answer a two-fold question: (i) which household characteristics (demographic, socio-economic, and place of residence) are associated with a higher probability of poverty, and (ii) how much have these determinants changed over time? The results show that being a larger-than-average, a rural-located, or a female-headed household, having a household head that had no formal education or whose work lied in agriculture or other primary activities are all highly associated with poverty. The analysis of the dynamics shows that the effects of gender, education, non-agricultural occupations, and household size changed significantly during the studied period. The results imply that the effect of education is decreasing as the average educational level rises, while holding an industrial or services job is still an important factor to avoid poverty.},
  author       = {Serratos Sotelo, Luis Adrian},
  keyword      = {Mexico,determinants,occupation,gender,education,poverty},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {On the Evolution of the Determinants of Household Poverty in Mexico: a Logistic Regression Analysis},
  year         = {2015},
}