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"Hoy por ti, mañana por mi"

Baumgartner, Sophie LU (2015) MIDM19 20151
LUMID International Master programme in applied International Development and Management
Abstract (Spanish)
Las prácticas de cooperación y reciprocidad dentro de la agricultura han sido ampliamente discutidas como importantes estrategias para la reducción de riesgos y costos en la mano de obra y la adquisición de capital. En los Andes, las normas de reciprocidad parecen estar más institucionalizadas debido al arraigo histórico en la cultura Andina. Con el presente estudio he tratado de examinar las prácticas de intercambio recíproco de las actividades agrícolas en el contexto de transición del altiplano rural de Bolivia, en el municipio de Taraco localizado a las orillas del Lago Titicaca. El propósito de esta tesis fue el de investigar cómo y por qué las personas de Taraco practican intercambios recíprocos; especialmente el Ayni (intercambio... (More)
Las prácticas de cooperación y reciprocidad dentro de la agricultura han sido ampliamente discutidas como importantes estrategias para la reducción de riesgos y costos en la mano de obra y la adquisición de capital. En los Andes, las normas de reciprocidad parecen estar más institucionalizadas debido al arraigo histórico en la cultura Andina. Con el presente estudio he tratado de examinar las prácticas de intercambio recíproco de las actividades agrícolas en el contexto de transición del altiplano rural de Bolivia, en el municipio de Taraco localizado a las orillas del Lago Titicaca. El propósito de esta tesis fue el de investigar cómo y por qué las personas de Taraco practican intercambios recíprocos; especialmente el Ayni (intercambio recíproco de mano de obra), y cuáles son los factores preponderantes que afectan estas estrategias en la economía local. He usado la entrevista y la observación como los principales métodos de investigación, y las teorías sobre reciprocidad y globalización como marco conceptual. Los resultados de la investigación sugieren que el intercambio recíproco funciona como una herramienta fiable y rentable para fines de acceso a mano de obra y medios de producción, pero también reafirma las relaciones sociales, normas morales y valores culturales. Se encontró que los procesos de globalización, tales como el aumento de la mecanización, la migración rural-urbana y el incremento en los accesos al capital monetario, influencian las instituciones de reciprocidad, a veces disminuyendo su relevancia y en otros casos resaltándola a los campesinos locales para así negociar con la globalización como agentes. (Less)
Abstract
Cooperative and reciprocal practices within agriculture have been widely discussed as important strategies in order to reduce risks and costs of labour and capital acquisition. Within the Andes reciprocal norms appear to be particularly institutionalized due to their historical rootedness in Andean culture. With the present case study I sought to examine reciprocal exchange practices in agricultural activities in the transitional context of rural highland Bolivia, in the municipality of Taraco located at the banks of Lake Titicaca. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how and why people from Taraco practice reciprocal exchanges; especially Ayni (reciprocal labour exchange), and what main factors affect these local economic... (More)
Cooperative and reciprocal practices within agriculture have been widely discussed as important strategies in order to reduce risks and costs of labour and capital acquisition. Within the Andes reciprocal norms appear to be particularly institutionalized due to their historical rootedness in Andean culture. With the present case study I sought to examine reciprocal exchange practices in agricultural activities in the transitional context of rural highland Bolivia, in the municipality of Taraco located at the banks of Lake Titicaca. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how and why people from Taraco practice reciprocal exchanges; especially Ayni (reciprocal labour exchange), and what main factors affect these local economic strategies. Therefore I used interviews and observations as main research methods and theories on reciprocity and globalization as conceptual framework. The research findings suggest that reciprocal exchange serves as a reliable and cost-effective tool in order to access labour and means of production but it also re-affirms social relations, moral norms and cultural values. Processes of globalization such as increasing mechanization, rural-urban migration and increased access to money have been found to influence reciprocity institutions, sometimes decrease its significance and on other occasions even underscore its relevance for local peasants in order to negotiate with globalization as agents. (Less)
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author
Baumgartner, Sophie LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Reciprocal strategies in agricultural production between discourse and changing practice. A case study in the Bolivian municipality of Taraco at Lake Titicaca
course
MIDM19 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
reciprocity, Ayni, Aymara, agriculture, non-monetary economy, Bolivia, Taraco, rural-urban migration, globalization, agency
language
English
id
7761988
date added to LUP
2016-08-25 13:26:16
date last changed
2016-08-25 13:26:16
@misc{7761988,
  abstract     = {Cooperative and reciprocal practices within agriculture have been widely discussed as important strategies in order to reduce risks and costs of labour and capital acquisition. Within the Andes reciprocal norms appear to be particularly institutionalized due to their historical rootedness in Andean culture. With the present case study I sought to examine reciprocal exchange practices in agricultural activities in the transitional context of rural highland Bolivia, in the municipality of Taraco located at the banks of Lake Titicaca. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate how and why people from Taraco practice reciprocal exchanges; especially Ayni (reciprocal labour exchange), and what main factors affect these local economic strategies. Therefore I used interviews and observations as main research methods and theories on reciprocity and globalization as conceptual framework. The research findings suggest that reciprocal exchange serves as a reliable and cost-effective tool in order to access labour and means of production but it also re-affirms social relations, moral norms and cultural values. Processes of globalization such as increasing mechanization, rural-urban migration and increased access to money have been found to influence reciprocity institutions, sometimes decrease its significance and on other occasions even underscore its relevance for local peasants in order to negotiate with globalization as agents.},
  author       = {Baumgartner, Sophie},
  keyword      = {reciprocity,Ayni,Aymara,agriculture,non-monetary economy,Bolivia,Taraco,rural-urban migration,globalization,agency},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {"Hoy por ti, mañana por mi"},
  year         = {2015},
}