Advanced

Tillsammans med dig ser jag annorlunda på världen – betydelsen av delad närvaro för tre-fyraåringars ögonrörelser i samband med false belief-testet Maxi

Gunnäng, Janna LU and Hyddmark, Mathilde LU (2016) PSPT02 20152
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
Studien undersökte hur delad närvaro med en vuxen kring en berättelse påverkade barns perspektivtagande. 3-4-åringars ögonrörelser studerades medan de såg på en false belief (FB)-film. I filmen får protagonisten en FB då hens flygplan flyttas medan hen inte är närvarande. Studien undersökte om barn som delat närvaro med en vuxen under filmvisningen (tillsammansittande) i högre utsträckning svarade rätt på en FB-fråga än barn som tittat på filmen med en vuxen som inte delade närvaron kring filmen (ensamtittande). Studien undersökte även skillnader i minne för filmen och ögonrörelser vid filmvisning och FB-svar. Resultaten visade att barn i tillsammanstittande-gruppen samt barn som svarade rätt på FB-frågan fixerade fler antal gånger på den... (More)
Studien undersökte hur delad närvaro med en vuxen kring en berättelse påverkade barns perspektivtagande. 3-4-åringars ögonrörelser studerades medan de såg på en false belief (FB)-film. I filmen får protagonisten en FB då hens flygplan flyttas medan hen inte är närvarande. Studien undersökte om barn som delat närvaro med en vuxen under filmvisningen (tillsammansittande) i högre utsträckning svarade rätt på en FB-fråga än barn som tittat på filmen med en vuxen som inte delade närvaron kring filmen (ensamtittande). Studien undersökte även skillnader i minne för filmen och ögonrörelser vid filmvisning och FB-svar. Resultaten visade att barn i tillsammanstittande-gruppen samt barn som svarade rätt på FB-frågan fixerade fler antal gånger på den del i filmen som representerade förflyttningen än barn i ensamtittande-gruppen respektive barn som svarade fel på FB-frågan. Studiens primära slutsats är att barns inkodning av förflyttningen påverkas av en delad närvaro med en vuxen och denna inkodning verkar kritisk för att klara FB-frågan. (Less)
Abstract
This study investigated how jointly attending to a story with an adult influenced children’s ability to take another person’s perspective. Eye movements of children 3-4 years old were studied while they watched a false belief (FB)-movie. In the movie an airplane moves when the protagonist is absent, hence the protagonist gets a FB. Differences between children who watched the movie jointly attending with an adult (looking-together) compared to children who watched the movie while the adult was present but not watching the movie (looking-alone) was investigated with respect to likelihood of answering a FB-question correct. The study further compared the children’s memory for the movie plot as well as eye movements while watching the film... (More)
This study investigated how jointly attending to a story with an adult influenced children’s ability to take another person’s perspective. Eye movements of children 3-4 years old were studied while they watched a false belief (FB)-movie. In the movie an airplane moves when the protagonist is absent, hence the protagonist gets a FB. Differences between children who watched the movie jointly attending with an adult (looking-together) compared to children who watched the movie while the adult was present but not watching the movie (looking-alone) was investigated with respect to likelihood of answering a FB-question correct. The study further compared the children’s memory for the movie plot as well as eye movements while watching the film and when answering the FB-question. The results showed that the looking-together group and children who had a correct FB-answer had more fixations on the parts of the movie that represented the move of the airplane compared to the looking-alone group and children who had an incorrect FB-answer. The primary conclusion is that jointly attending with someone affects the children’s encoding of the airplane-move which seems critical to answer the FB-question correctly. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Gunnäng, Janna LU and Hyddmark, Mathilde LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20152
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
jointly attending, joint attention, False belief, joint engagement, encoding, anticipatory looking, inkodning
language
Swedish
id
8523567
date added to LUP
2016-01-21 16:35:34
date last changed
2016-01-21 16:35:34
@misc{8523567,
  abstract     = {This study investigated how jointly attending to a story with an adult influenced children’s ability to take another person’s perspective. Eye movements of children 3-4 years old were studied while they watched a false belief (FB)-movie. In the movie an airplane moves when the protagonist is absent, hence the protagonist gets a FB. Differences between children who watched the movie jointly attending with an adult (looking-together) compared to children who watched the movie while the adult was present but not watching the movie (looking-alone) was investigated with respect to likelihood of answering a FB-question correct. The study further compared the children’s memory for the movie plot as well as eye movements while watching the film and when answering the FB-question. The results showed that the looking-together group and children who had a correct FB-answer had more fixations on the parts of the movie that represented the move of the airplane compared to the looking-alone group and children who had an incorrect FB-answer. The primary conclusion is that jointly attending with someone affects the children’s encoding of the airplane-move which seems critical to answer the FB-question correctly.},
  author       = {Gunnäng, Janna and Hyddmark, Mathilde},
  keyword      = {jointly attending,joint attention,False belief,joint engagement,encoding,anticipatory looking,inkodning},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Tillsammans med dig ser jag annorlunda på världen – betydelsen av delad närvaro för tre-fyraåringars ögonrörelser i samband med false belief-testet Maxi},
  year         = {2016},
}