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Ultrasonic Positioning System for Electric Road System

Romner, Marcus LU and Hedlund Johansson, Robin LU (2016) In CODEN:LUTEDX/TEIE EIE920 20161
Industrial Electrical Engineering and Automation
Abstract
Elonroad is a company that is looking into the possibility to charge electric vehicle on road. The conductor implemented on the driveway has a characteristic shape. The scope of this master thesis project is to identify the shape of the conductor and determine the relative position of the vehicle to the conductor using ultrasonic sensors. The goal is to have an update frequency of 30 Hz and a positioning error of maximum 2 cm. During the project a serial system containing 7 ultrasonic modules has been built. The sensor modules are mounted in an array and placed parallel to the road and perpendicular to the vehicles intended direction of travel. The ultrasonic modules are placed with a center distance of 10 cm on the array. A... (More)
Elonroad is a company that is looking into the possibility to charge electric vehicle on road. The conductor implemented on the driveway has a characteristic shape. The scope of this master thesis project is to identify the shape of the conductor and determine the relative position of the vehicle to the conductor using ultrasonic sensors. The goal is to have an update frequency of 30 Hz and a positioning error of maximum 2 cm. During the project a serial system containing 7 ultrasonic modules has been built. The sensor modules are mounted in an array and placed parallel to the road and perpendicular to the vehicles intended direction of travel. The ultrasonic modules are placed with a center distance of 10 cm on the array. A cross-correlation algorithm was implemented to determine the distance to the surface below each of the ultrasonic modules. The method to find the relative position of the vehicle uses a modified convolution algorithm which is proven to work under ideal circumstances. The distance measurement from the modules to ground can differ roughly +/-8 mm, this originates from the wavelength of the 40 kHz ultrasonic signal in air, the +/-8 mm error can, according to simulations give a positioning error of up to 5 cm. Simulations has indicated that +/-4 mm will give a positioning error less than, or equal to, 2 cm. The update frequency is assumed to be around 20 Hz, where the largest part is due to calculation time of the distance to ground. It can be lowered with more effective algorithms or with a more powerful microcontroller. (Less)
Popular Abstract
Electric vehicles can charge their batteries on road by connecting to a conductor integrated in the roadway. In this specific case the integrated conductor consists in an elevated structure. This structures location relative the car needs to be tracked to ensure the car stays connected.
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author
Romner, Marcus LU and Hedlund Johansson, Robin LU
supervisor
organization
course
EIE920 20161
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
Elonroad, Ultrasonic, Ultrasound, ERS, Electric Road System, Ultrasonic Positioning System, Electric Vehicle
publication/series
CODEN:LUTEDX/TEIE
report number
5378
language
English
additional info
Both authors have contributed equally to this master thesis and worked together with all parts of the project.
id
8894834
date added to LUP
2017-05-23 12:17:25
date last changed
2017-05-23 12:17:25
@misc{8894834,
  abstract     = {Elonroad is a company that is looking into the possibility to charge electric vehicle on road. The conductor implemented on the driveway has a characteristic shape. The scope of this master thesis project is to identify the shape of the conductor and determine the relative position of the vehicle to the conductor using ultrasonic sensors. The goal is to have an update frequency of 30 Hz and a positioning error of maximum 2 cm. During the project a serial system containing 7 ultrasonic modules has been built. The sensor modules are mounted in an array and placed parallel to the road and perpendicular to the vehicles intended direction of travel. The ultrasonic modules are placed with a center distance of 10 cm on the array. A cross-correlation algorithm was implemented to determine the distance to the surface below each of the ultrasonic modules. The method to find the relative position of the vehicle uses a modified convolution algorithm which is proven to work under ideal circumstances. The distance measurement from the modules to ground can differ roughly +/-8 mm, this originates from the wavelength of the 40 kHz ultrasonic signal in air, the +/-8 mm error can, according to simulations give a positioning error of up to 5 cm. Simulations has indicated that +/-4 mm will give a positioning error less than, or equal to, 2 cm. The update frequency is assumed to be around 20 Hz, where the largest part is due to calculation time of the distance to ground. It can be lowered with more effective algorithms or with a more powerful microcontroller.},
  author       = {Romner, Marcus and Hedlund Johansson, Robin},
  keyword      = {Elonroad,Ultrasonic,Ultrasound,ERS,Electric Road System,Ultrasonic Positioning System,Electric Vehicle},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {CODEN:LUTEDX/TEIE},
  title        = {Ultrasonic Positioning System for Electric Road System},
  year         = {2016},
}