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Greening cities: Assessing the implementation of Nature-based Solutions - A comparative case study between Malmö and Malaga

Sanchez Gomez, Ibrahim LU (2017) In IIIEE Masters Thesis IMEN41 20172
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
Today, approximately 55% of the total global population lives in urban areas, while in Europe the number is higher than 70%, and both figures are expected to continue growing during the next decades. At the same time, cities are facing an increasing number of challenges, such as sea level rise, increased temperatures, air quality and more extreme weather events. Nature-based Solutions (NbS), although still in its infancy, is a relatively new concept that can harness the power and sophistication of nature to turn environmental, social and economic challenges into innovation opportunities. The aim of this thesis is to estimate the potential impacts of NbS in the cities of Malmö (Sweden) and Malaga (Spain), and study and compare the different... (More)
Today, approximately 55% of the total global population lives in urban areas, while in Europe the number is higher than 70%, and both figures are expected to continue growing during the next decades. At the same time, cities are facing an increasing number of challenges, such as sea level rise, increased temperatures, air quality and more extreme weather events. Nature-based Solutions (NbS), although still in its infancy, is a relatively new concept that can harness the power and sophistication of nature to turn environmental, social and economic challenges into innovation opportunities. The aim of this thesis is to estimate the potential impacts of NbS in the cities of Malmö (Sweden) and Malaga (Spain), and study and compare the different mechanisms used for their implementation and use. The thesis uses expert interviews as well as the EKLIPSE framework, a methodological tool used to evaluate NbS initiatives, taking into account their impacts on the triple bottom line and providing a set of indicators and methods for their evaluation. Based on the characteristics of the NbS projects identified in both cities, these solutions are especially effective at tackling challenges in the areas of water management, climate mitigation and adaptation, and urban regeneration. The use of these solutions seems to be driven by their ability to adapt cities to current climates and mitigate the effects of climate change, although some barriers are also identified, such as lack of knowledge of the impacts on the social and economic systems and their effectiveness in the long-term, or lack of political commitment and funding for their application. NbS have potential to address some of the environmental, social and economic problems of cities, but the projects need to be designed with a clear objective in mind in order to be successful, and their effectiveness evaluated through the use of indicators. (Less)
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author
Sanchez Gomez, Ibrahim LU
supervisor
organization
course
IMEN41 20172
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
nature-based solutions, sustainable urban development, urban planning, green and blue infrastructures, green cities
publication/series
IIIEE Masters Thesis
report number
2017:27
ISSN
1401-9191
language
English
id
8927374
date added to LUP
2017-10-17 10:43:37
date last changed
2017-10-17 10:43:37
@misc{8927374,
  abstract     = {Today, approximately 55% of the total global population lives in urban areas, while in Europe the number is higher than 70%, and both figures are expected to continue growing during the next decades. At the same time, cities are facing an increasing number of challenges, such as sea level rise, increased temperatures, air quality and more extreme weather events. Nature-based Solutions (NbS), although still in its infancy, is a relatively new concept that can harness the power and sophistication of nature to turn environmental, social and economic challenges into innovation opportunities. The aim of this thesis is to estimate the potential impacts of NbS in the cities of Malmö (Sweden) and Malaga (Spain), and study and compare the different mechanisms used for their implementation and use. The thesis uses expert interviews as well as the EKLIPSE framework, a methodological tool used to evaluate NbS initiatives, taking into account their impacts on the triple bottom line and providing a set of indicators and methods for their evaluation. Based on the characteristics of the NbS projects identified in both cities, these solutions are especially effective at tackling challenges in the areas of water management, climate mitigation and adaptation, and urban regeneration. The use of these solutions seems to be driven by their ability to adapt cities to current climates and mitigate the effects of climate change, although some barriers are also identified, such as lack of knowledge of the impacts on the social and economic systems and their effectiveness in the long-term, or lack of political commitment and funding for their application. NbS have potential to address some of the environmental, social and economic problems of cities, but the projects need to be designed with a clear objective in mind in order to be successful, and their effectiveness evaluated through the use of indicators.},
  author       = {Sanchez Gomez, Ibrahim},
  issn         = {1401-9191},
  keyword      = {nature-based solutions,sustainable urban development,urban planning,green and blue infrastructures,green cities},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {IIIEE Masters Thesis},
  title        = {Greening cities: Assessing the implementation of Nature-based Solutions - A comparative case study between Malmö and Malaga},
  year         = {2017},
}