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The Effects of Attachment Security Priming on Avoidant Attentional Defenses

Han, Gizem LU (2018) PSYP01 20181
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Attachment avoidance is associated with deactivation of the attachment system in times of distress, and disengaging from the distressing information as an emotion regulation strategy to restore felt security. The current study investigated how experimentally induced attachment security priming would affect avoidant strategies on attentional level. In a randomized within- between-subjects design, a Dot Probe Task was utilized to assess attentional orientation towards neutral and contemptuous facial expressions as a function of avoidance level (high vs. low) and priming type (attachment security vs. neutral). The main finding of the study shows that highly avoidant individuals were not affected by any type of priming and did improve their... (More)
Attachment avoidance is associated with deactivation of the attachment system in times of distress, and disengaging from the distressing information as an emotion regulation strategy to restore felt security. The current study investigated how experimentally induced attachment security priming would affect avoidant strategies on attentional level. In a randomized within- between-subjects design, a Dot Probe Task was utilized to assess attentional orientation towards neutral and contemptuous facial expressions as a function of avoidance level (high vs. low) and priming type (attachment security vs. neutral). The main finding of the study shows that highly avoidant individuals were not affected by any type of priming and did improve their task performance, whereas the performance of low avoidant participants in attachment security priming condition was disrupted (indicated by increased vigilance and decreased vigilance towards negative faces, respectively). The results are further discussed in terms of the nature and functions of avoidant defenses and attachment security priming. (Less)
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author
Han, Gizem LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYP01 20181
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
English
id
8937765
date added to LUP
2018-05-08 12:16:16
date last changed
2018-05-08 12:16:16
@misc{8937765,
  abstract     = {Attachment avoidance is associated with deactivation of the attachment system in times of distress, and disengaging from the distressing information as an emotion regulation strategy to restore felt security. The current study investigated how experimentally induced attachment security priming would affect avoidant strategies on attentional level. In a randomized within- between-subjects design, a Dot Probe Task was utilized to assess attentional orientation towards neutral and contemptuous facial expressions as a function of avoidance level (high vs. low) and priming type (attachment security vs. neutral). The main finding of the study shows that highly avoidant individuals were not affected by any type of priming and did improve their task performance, whereas the performance of low avoidant participants in attachment security priming condition was disrupted (indicated by increased vigilance and decreased vigilance towards negative faces, respectively). The results are further discussed in terms of the nature and functions of avoidant defenses and attachment security priming.},
  author       = {Han, Gizem},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Effects of Attachment Security Priming on Avoidant Attentional Defenses},
  year         = {2018},
}