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ACT och fördomsfullhet - att förändra psykologisk flexibilitet och empati i grupp

Lundgren, Karin LU and Hasselberg, Charlotta LU (2019) PSPR14 20182
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
Syftet med studien var att undersöka om ACT-träning i grupp (Acceptance and Commitment Training) kunde leda till ökad psykologisk flexibilitet och empati, och minskad fördomsfullhet. Social dominansorientering och ingruppsidenitifikation studerades också som eventuella moderatorer. Tidigare forskning pekar på en relation mellan psykologisk flexibilitet, empati och fördomsfullhet, men ACT som metod för att påverka dessa mekanismer har endast prövats ett fåtal gånger. I studien randomiserades 60 studenter vid Lunds universitet till två grupper. Experimentgruppen gjorde ACT-övningar och kontrollgruppen deltog i en föreläsning om fördomsfullhet och diskriminering. Samtliga deltagare gjorde för- och eftermätningar avseende psykologisk... (More)
Syftet med studien var att undersöka om ACT-träning i grupp (Acceptance and Commitment Training) kunde leda till ökad psykologisk flexibilitet och empati, och minskad fördomsfullhet. Social dominansorientering och ingruppsidenitifikation studerades också som eventuella moderatorer. Tidigare forskning pekar på en relation mellan psykologisk flexibilitet, empati och fördomsfullhet, men ACT som metod för att påverka dessa mekanismer har endast prövats ett fåtal gånger. I studien randomiserades 60 studenter vid Lunds universitet till två grupper. Experimentgruppen gjorde ACT-övningar och kontrollgruppen deltog i en föreläsning om fördomsfullhet och diskriminering. Samtliga deltagare gjorde för- och eftermätningar avseende psykologisk flexibilitet, empati, social dominansorientering, ingruppsidentifikation och fördomsfullhet. Resultatet visar att ACT-träningen gav signifikant högre empati i experimentgruppen jämfört med kontrollgruppen i en split plot ANOVA. Ingen signifikant effekt uppmättes avseende psykologisk flexibilitet eller fördomsfullhet. Slutsatsen från denna studie är att psykoterapeutiska interventioner enligt ACT-träning kan användas för att öka empati hos en grupp. Det konstaterades att de effekter detta kan få på deltagares beteenden behöver vidare utforskas. (Less)
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine if group-based ACT-training (Acceptance and commitment training) would lead to increased psychological flexibility and empathy, and decreased prejudice. Social dominance orientation and ingroup identification were studied as potential moderating mechanisms. Previous research shows a relationship between psychological flexibility, empathy and prejudice, but ACT as a method to affect these mechanisms has only been studied a handful of times. In the current study 60 students at Lund University were randomly assigned into two groups. The experiment group participated in an ACT-training group and the control group were given a lecture about prejudice and discrimination. All participants filled out pre-... (More)
The purpose of this study was to examine if group-based ACT-training (Acceptance and commitment training) would lead to increased psychological flexibility and empathy, and decreased prejudice. Social dominance orientation and ingroup identification were studied as potential moderating mechanisms. Previous research shows a relationship between psychological flexibility, empathy and prejudice, but ACT as a method to affect these mechanisms has only been studied a handful of times. In the current study 60 students at Lund University were randomly assigned into two groups. The experiment group participated in an ACT-training group and the control group were given a lecture about prejudice and discrimination. All participants filled out pre- and post-evaluations regarding psychological flexibility, empathy, social dominance orientation, ingroup identification and prejudice. Results from a split plot ANOVA showed a significant increase in empathy among participants in the experimental group compared to the control group. No significant effects were measured in regard to psychological flexibility or prejudice. Conclusions from this study were that ACT-training can be used to improve empathy in groups. Which effects this might have on behaviors needs to be further examined. (Less)
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author
Lundgren, Karin LU and Hasselberg, Charlotta LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPR14 20182
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
Psykologisk flexibilitet, fördomar, Acceptance and commitment training, ACT, empati, social dominansorintering, SDO, ingruppsidentifikation.
language
Swedish
id
8967139
date added to LUP
2019-01-22 10:13:51
date last changed
2019-01-22 10:13:51
@misc{8967139,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to examine if group-based ACT-training (Acceptance and commitment training) would lead to increased psychological flexibility and empathy, and decreased prejudice. Social dominance orientation and ingroup identification were studied as potential moderating mechanisms. Previous research shows a relationship between psychological flexibility, empathy and prejudice, but ACT as a method to affect these mechanisms has only been studied a handful of times. In the current study 60 students at Lund University were randomly assigned into two groups. The experiment group participated in an ACT-training group and the control group were given a lecture about prejudice and discrimination. All participants filled out pre- and post-evaluations regarding psychological flexibility, empathy, social dominance orientation, ingroup identification and prejudice. Results from a split plot ANOVA showed a significant increase in empathy among participants in the experimental group compared to the control group. No significant effects were measured in regard to psychological flexibility or prejudice. Conclusions from this study were that ACT-training can be used to improve empathy in groups. Which effects this might have on behaviors needs to be further examined.},
  author       = {Lundgren, Karin and Hasselberg, Charlotta},
  keyword      = {Psykologisk flexibilitet,fördomar,Acceptance and commitment training,ACT,empati,social dominansorintering,SDO,ingruppsidentifikation.},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {ACT och fördomsfullhet - att förändra psykologisk flexibilitet och empati i grupp},
  year         = {2019},
}