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Mammors och pappors mind-mindedness: associationer med självreglering hos barn i förskoleåldern

Kelber, Helena LU and Wikström, Therese LU (2019) PSPR14 20191
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Self-regulation is important for physical and socioemotional well-being as well as academic success. Development of self-regulation, including effortful control and executive function (EF), in early childhood is influenced by several aspects of parenting. The current study tested the idea that parents with higher ability and willingness to mentalize their children are more reliable assessors of their children’s effortful control. We also tested the possibility that children whose parents have higher levels of mind-mindedness might have higher self-regulatory capacities. Gender differences in parents’ mind-mindedness and assessments of self-regulation were explored. 118 children aged 24-60 months were assessed with four tests for EF. An... (More)
Self-regulation is important for physical and socioemotional well-being as well as academic success. Development of self-regulation, including effortful control and executive function (EF), in early childhood is influenced by several aspects of parenting. The current study tested the idea that parents with higher ability and willingness to mentalize their children are more reliable assessors of their children’s effortful control. We also tested the possibility that children whose parents have higher levels of mind-mindedness might have higher self-regulatory capacities. Gender differences in parents’ mind-mindedness and assessments of self-regulation were explored. 118 children aged 24-60 months were assessed with four tests for EF. An online survey assessed parental mind-mindedness and assessment of their children’s Attentional Focusing, Impulsivity, Inhibitory Control and Shyness in the short version of the (Early) Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Results showed that mind-mindedness was negatively associated with impulsivity, but could not confirm mind-mindedness as a mediator for the correlation between parents’ assessment of self-regulation and children’s EF. An interesting finding was mothers’ tendency to describe their daughters more mind-mindedly while the opposite was found for fathers. Further exploration of which parenting factors, if not mind-mindedness, influence the accuracy in parental assessment are implied for future research. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Förmåga till självreglering är betydelsefullt för akademisk framgång samt fysisk och socioemotionell hälsa. Utvecklingen av självreglering, som innefattar effortful control och exekutiva funktioner (EF), börjar i förskoleålder och påverkas av olika aspekter av föräldraskapet. Studien föreslog att mind-mindedness, förälderns förmåga och villighet att mentalisera kring sitt barn, skulle kunna vara en sådan aspekt. Det undersöktes om föräldrar med högre mind-mindedness gör bedömningar av barnets effortful control som bättre överensstämmer med barnets EF, samt om barn till föräldrar med högre mind-mindedness hade högre självreglering. Könsskillnader i föräldrarnas mind-mindedness och skattningar av självreglering utforskades. 118 barn i åldern... (More)
Förmåga till självreglering är betydelsefullt för akademisk framgång samt fysisk och socioemotionell hälsa. Utvecklingen av självreglering, som innefattar effortful control och exekutiva funktioner (EF), börjar i förskoleålder och påverkas av olika aspekter av föräldraskapet. Studien föreslog att mind-mindedness, förälderns förmåga och villighet att mentalisera kring sitt barn, skulle kunna vara en sådan aspekt. Det undersöktes om föräldrar med högre mind-mindedness gör bedömningar av barnets effortful control som bättre överensstämmer med barnets EF, samt om barn till föräldrar med högre mind-mindedness hade högre självreglering. Könsskillnader i föräldrarnas mind-mindedness och skattningar av självreglering utforskades. 118 barn i åldern 24-60 månader genomförde fyra test för EF. Föräldrar skattade barnens Uppmärksamhetsfokus, Impulsivitet, Inhiberingsförmåga och Blyghet i (Early) Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (kort version) via webbenkät som också innehöll bedömning av mind-mindedness. Resultatet visade på samband mellan mind-mindedness och föräldraskattning av barns impulsivitet men kunde inte bekräfta att mind-mindedness medierar sambandet mellan föräldraskattning och EF. Ett intressant fynd var att mammor tenderade att beskriva sina döttrar med högre mind-mindedness medan pappor hade högre mind-mindedness för sina söner. Framtida forskning skulle kunna undersöka vilka föräldrafaktorer, om inte mind-mindedness, som kan påverka hur väl föräldrar bedömer sina barns förmågor. (Less)
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author
Kelber, Helena LU and Wikström, Therese LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPR14 20191
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
mind-mindedness, effortful control, executive function, parental assessment, gender, self-regulation, temperament, CBQ, ECBQ, preschool, children, early childhood
language
Swedish
id
8979349
date added to LUP
2019-06-10 15:51:03
date last changed
2019-06-10 15:51:03
@misc{8979349,
  abstract     = {Self-regulation is important for physical and socioemotional well-being as well as academic success. Development of self-regulation, including effortful control and executive function (EF), in early childhood is influenced by several aspects of parenting. The current study tested the idea that parents with higher ability and willingness to mentalize their children are more reliable assessors of their children’s effortful control. We also tested the possibility that children whose parents have higher levels of mind-mindedness might have higher self-regulatory capacities. Gender differences in parents’ mind-mindedness and assessments of self-regulation were explored. 118 children aged 24-60 months were assessed with four tests for EF. An online survey assessed parental mind-mindedness and assessment of their children’s Attentional Focusing, Impulsivity, Inhibitory Control and Shyness in the short version of the (Early) Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Results showed that mind-mindedness was negatively associated with impulsivity, but could not confirm mind-mindedness as a mediator for the correlation between parents’ assessment of self-regulation and children’s EF. An interesting finding was mothers’ tendency to describe their daughters more mind-mindedly while the opposite was found for fathers. Further exploration of which parenting factors, if not mind-mindedness, influence the accuracy in parental assessment are implied for future research.},
  author       = {Kelber, Helena and Wikström, Therese},
  keyword      = {mind-mindedness,effortful control,executive function,parental assessment,gender,self-regulation,temperament,CBQ,ECBQ,preschool,children,early childhood},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Mammors och pappors mind-mindedness: associationer med självreglering hos barn i förskoleåldern},
  year         = {2019},
}