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Engage and Destroy - The effects of law enforcement militarization on positive peace in Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica

Lundahl, Carl LU (2020) FKVK02 20201
Department of Political Science
Abstract
The purpose of this bachelor was to investigate how law enforcement militarization affects positive peace in Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica and why law enforcement militarization affects positive peace in a certain manner. Positive peace was defined as the absence of structural violence and constituting democracy, social justice, justice, human rights and development. This bachelor was a small N-case study with Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica constituting the three cases. The method of analysis was, first, a descriptive analysis which aimed to describe the relationship between law enforcement militarization and positive peace. Second, an explanatory analysis which aimed to explain the described relationship. The results have generally... (More)
The purpose of this bachelor was to investigate how law enforcement militarization affects positive peace in Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica and why law enforcement militarization affects positive peace in a certain manner. Positive peace was defined as the absence of structural violence and constituting democracy, social justice, justice, human rights and development. This bachelor was a small N-case study with Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica constituting the three cases. The method of analysis was, first, a descriptive analysis which aimed to describe the relationship between law enforcement militarization and positive peace. Second, an explanatory analysis which aimed to explain the described relationship. The results have generally shown that countries with higher degrees of law enforcement also have lower levels of positive peace and vice versa. This has been explained by law enforcement agencies with a higher degree of militarization generally conducting direct violence and/or being transformed into institutions of structural violence by governments, both of whom negatively effect the indicators of positive peace; democracy, social justice, human rights, justice and development. Law enforcement agencies with lower degrees of militarization seem to conduct themselves in more peaceful and non-violent manners. (Less)
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author
Lundahl, Carl LU
supervisor
organization
course
FKVK02 20201
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Law Enforcement Militarization, Positive Peace, Brazil, Argentina, Costa Rica, Democracy, Social Justice, Justice, Human Rights, Development, Structural Violence, Armed Forces, Paramilitary, Police
language
English
id
9011382
date added to LUP
2020-09-21 11:51:58
date last changed
2020-09-21 11:51:58
@misc{9011382,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this bachelor was to investigate how law enforcement militarization affects positive peace in Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica and why law enforcement militarization affects positive peace in a certain manner. Positive peace was defined as the absence of structural violence and constituting democracy, social justice, justice, human rights and development. This bachelor was a small N-case study with Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica constituting the three cases. The method of analysis was, first, a descriptive analysis which aimed to describe the relationship between law enforcement militarization and positive peace. Second, an explanatory analysis which aimed to explain the described relationship. The results have generally shown that countries with higher degrees of law enforcement also have lower levels of positive peace and vice versa. This has been explained by law enforcement agencies with a higher degree of militarization generally conducting direct violence and/or being transformed into institutions of structural violence by governments, both of whom negatively effect the indicators of positive peace; democracy, social justice, human rights, justice and development. Law enforcement agencies with lower degrees of militarization seem to conduct themselves in more peaceful and non-violent manners.},
  author       = {Lundahl, Carl},
  keyword      = {Law Enforcement Militarization,Positive Peace,Brazil,Argentina,Costa Rica,Democracy,Social Justice,Justice,Human Rights,Development,Structural Violence,Armed Forces,Paramilitary,Police},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Engage and Destroy - The effects of law enforcement militarization on positive peace in Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica},
  year         = {2020},
}