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Closed-Loop Combustion Control Using Ion-Current Signals in a 6-Cylinder Port-Injected Natural-gas Engine

Kaiadi, Mehrzad LU ; Tunestål, Per LU and Johansson, Bengt (2008) In SAE technical paper series
Abstract
High EGR rates combined with turbocharging has been identified as a promising way to increase the maximum load and efficiency of heavy-duty spark ignition engines. With stoichiometric conditions a three-way catalyst can be used which means that regulated emissions can be kept at very low levels. Obtaining reliable spark ignition is difficult however with high pressure and dilution. There will be a limit to the amount of EGR that can be tolerated for each operating point. Open-loop operation based on steady state maps is difficult since there is substantial dynamics both from the turbocharger and from the wall heat interaction. The proposed approach applies standard closed-loop lambda control for controlling the overall air/fuel ratio.... (More)
High EGR rates combined with turbocharging has been identified as a promising way to increase the maximum load and efficiency of heavy-duty spark ignition engines. With stoichiometric conditions a three-way catalyst can be used which means that regulated emissions can be kept at very low levels. Obtaining reliable spark ignition is difficult however with high pressure and dilution. There will be a limit to the amount of EGR that can be tolerated for each operating point. Open-loop operation based on steady state maps is difficult since there is substantial dynamics both from the turbocharger and from the wall heat interaction. The proposed approach applies standard closed-loop lambda control for controlling the overall air/fuel ratio. Furthermore, ion-current-based dilution limit control is applied on the EGR in order to maximize EGR rate as long as combustion stability is preserved. The proposed control strategy has been successfully tested on a heavy-duty, 6-cylinder, port-injected natural gas engine and our findings show that 1.5-2.5% units (depending on the operating points) improvement in Brake Efficiency can be achieved. (Less)
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SAE technical paper series
external identifiers
  • Other:2008-01-2453
  • Scopus:84877183935
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
275a3066-d4ee-4a82-8106-3a2e3e9ab89b (old id 1396321)
alternative location
http://www.sae.org/technical/papers/2008-01-2453
date added to LUP
2009-05-13 12:46:47
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:59:57
@misc{275a3066-d4ee-4a82-8106-3a2e3e9ab89b,
  abstract     = {High EGR rates combined with turbocharging has been identified as a promising way to increase the maximum load and efficiency of heavy-duty spark ignition engines. With stoichiometric conditions a three-way catalyst can be used which means that regulated emissions can be kept at very low levels. Obtaining reliable spark ignition is difficult however with high pressure and dilution. There will be a limit to the amount of EGR that can be tolerated for each operating point. Open-loop operation based on steady state maps is difficult since there is substantial dynamics both from the turbocharger and from the wall heat interaction. The proposed approach applies standard closed-loop lambda control for controlling the overall air/fuel ratio. Furthermore, ion-current-based dilution limit control is applied on the EGR in order to maximize EGR rate as long as combustion stability is preserved. The proposed control strategy has been successfully tested on a heavy-duty, 6-cylinder, port-injected natural gas engine and our findings show that 1.5-2.5% units (depending on the operating points) improvement in Brake Efficiency can be achieved.},
  author       = {Kaiadi, Mehrzad and Tunestål, Per and Johansson, Bengt},
  language     = {eng},
  series       = {SAE technical paper series},
  title        = {Closed-Loop Combustion Control Using Ion-Current Signals in a 6-Cylinder Port-Injected Natural-gas Engine},
  year         = {2008},
}