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Østersøens flertydige kirker

Wienberg, Jes LU (2003) In Bornholmske samlinger 2003. p.10-35
Abstract
Ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Nylars on Bornholm is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter... (More)
Ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Nylars on Bornholm is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Bornholmske samlinger
volume
2003
pages
10 - 35
publisher
Bornholms Historiske Samfund
ISSN
0084-7976
language
Danish
LU publication?
yes
id
2c40d13f-3a03-4ac2-b5eb-52961496b4ae (old id 160693)
date added to LUP
2007-07-25 15:33:10
date last changed
2016-06-17 20:25:37
@misc{2c40d13f-3a03-4ac2-b5eb-52961496b4ae,
  abstract     = {Ambiguous churches of the Baltic Sea: Nylars on Bornholm is used as a point of departure in a discussion of the so-called defensive churches or multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea. The categorization of medieval society into four separate spheres, the church, the castle, the town and the countryside, is criticised as having created a heterogenous group of deviant churches. The deviant churches have been interpreted in three competitive perspectives: 1) defense, 2) profane function and 3) symbolic form. However, to understand the deviant churches it is necessary to combine the perspectives. The multi-functional churches represented a fusion, where the sacred and the profane were integrated. The whole point was, that a broad specter of functions such as hostelry, residence and store were made sacred by being integrated in the church building or church yard. Most of the multi-functional churches at the Baltic Sea belong to the period c. 1170-1240 and might be connected to the Danish empire, the crusades and the Saint Canute Guilds. When peace broke down in the 1240s, some of the multi-functional churches were symbolically fortified as also several towns and many manors.},
  author       = {Wienberg, Jes},
  issn         = {0084-7976},
  language     = {dan},
  pages        = {10--35},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8661878)},
  series       = {Bornholmske samlinger},
  title        = {Østersøens flertydige kirker},
  volume       = {2003},
  year         = {2003},
}