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Growth environment and personality in adult migraineurs and their migraine-free siblings

Persson, Bertil LU (1997) In Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 37(3). p.159-168
Abstract
The aim of the study was to compare adult migraine discordant full siblings in terms of personality and psychosocial environment during childhood. The study, involving 30 sibling pairs and use of various personality instruments (Eysenck Personality Inventory [EPI], Color Word Test [CWT], Visual Aftereffects [VAE], Meta Contrast Technique [MCT], Cesarec-Marke Personality Schedule), showed the migraineurs scored significantly higher on neuroticism [EPI], also called emotional stress or trait anxiety; to be more sensitive (MCT); and to display signs of greater anxiety (VAE, CWT). Furthermore, migraineurs tended to report greater scarcity of friends during childhood and less verbal, as well as, nonverbal encouragement from their parents, than... (More)
The aim of the study was to compare adult migraine discordant full siblings in terms of personality and psychosocial environment during childhood. The study, involving 30 sibling pairs and use of various personality instruments (Eysenck Personality Inventory [EPI], Color Word Test [CWT], Visual Aftereffects [VAE], Meta Contrast Technique [MCT], Cesarec-Marke Personality Schedule), showed the migraineurs scored significantly higher on neuroticism [EPI], also called emotional stress or trait anxiety; to be more sensitive (MCT); and to display signs of greater anxiety (VAE, CWT). Furthermore, migraineurs tended to report greater scarcity of friends during childhood and less verbal, as well as, nonverbal encouragement from their parents, than their migraine-free siblings. Neuroticism was found to correlate significantly with migraine, but not with headache frequency or severity in the migraine group. It is argued that, due to the high neuroticism of some migraineurs, psychotherapy should be considered as an alternative to other prophylactic treatments such as use of beta-adrenoceptor blockers, although the acute migraine onset should be pharmacologically treated. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
migraine, neuroticism, anxiety, nonshared environment, psychosocial environment
in
Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain
volume
37
issue
3
pages
159 - 168
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0030949732
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
19a0af48-621b-44f1-9670-366f2b22b2e0 (old id 2172598)
date added to LUP
2011-10-17 13:47:49
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:59:43
@misc{19a0af48-621b-44f1-9670-366f2b22b2e0,
  abstract     = {The aim of the study was to compare adult migraine discordant full siblings in terms of personality and psychosocial environment during childhood. The study, involving 30 sibling pairs and use of various personality instruments (Eysenck Personality Inventory [EPI], Color Word Test [CWT], Visual Aftereffects [VAE], Meta Contrast Technique [MCT], Cesarec-Marke Personality Schedule), showed the migraineurs scored significantly higher on neuroticism [EPI], also called emotional stress or trait anxiety; to be more sensitive (MCT); and to display signs of greater anxiety (VAE, CWT). Furthermore, migraineurs tended to report greater scarcity of friends during childhood and less verbal, as well as, nonverbal encouragement from their parents, than their migraine-free siblings. Neuroticism was found to correlate significantly with migraine, but not with headache frequency or severity in the migraine group. It is argued that, due to the high neuroticism of some migraineurs, psychotherapy should be considered as an alternative to other prophylactic treatments such as use of beta-adrenoceptor blockers, although the acute migraine onset should be pharmacologically treated.},
  author       = {Persson, Bertil},
  keyword      = {migraine,neuroticism,anxiety,nonshared environment,psychosocial environment},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {159--168},
  series       = {Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain},
  title        = {Growth environment and personality in adult migraineurs and their migraine-free siblings},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {1997},
}