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Konsthantverkare, genus och omvänd ekonomi - Om hinder och möjligheter att agera på konsthantverkets arena

Witt, Ann-Katrin LU (2005)
Abstract (Swedish)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I denna doktorsavhandling i sociologi fokuseras konsthantverkares möjligheter att utöva sina yrken som fria företagare i vårt samtida senmoderna samhälle. Genus lyfts fram som en stark påverkansfaktor för spelet på den arena för konsthantverksproduktion som beskrivs och analyseras här. Utgångspunkt för teoridiskussionen är Bourdeius teori om kulturproducerande fält med uppochnedvänd ekonomi vilken syntetiseras med genusteorier om bland annat horisontell och vertikal genussegregation i arbetslivet. Konsthantverkarnas vilja och längtan att gå utanför traditionella könsbestämda ramar och göra något annat än det som förväntas förstås med hjälp av begreppet desire. En kombination av kvantitativ och... (More)
Popular Abstract in Swedish

I denna doktorsavhandling i sociologi fokuseras konsthantverkares möjligheter att utöva sina yrken som fria företagare i vårt samtida senmoderna samhälle. Genus lyfts fram som en stark påverkansfaktor för spelet på den arena för konsthantverksproduktion som beskrivs och analyseras här. Utgångspunkt för teoridiskussionen är Bourdeius teori om kulturproducerande fält med uppochnedvänd ekonomi vilken syntetiseras med genusteorier om bland annat horisontell och vertikal genussegregation i arbetslivet. Konsthantverkarnas vilja och längtan att gå utanför traditionella könsbestämda ramar och göra något annat än det som förväntas förstås med hjälp av begreppet desire. En kombination av kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod har använts. Det empiriska materialet är resultat av 204 enkäter till konsthantverkare, medlemmar i konsthantverkskollektiv, och upprepade intervjuer med sex framgångsrika och väletablerade kvinnliga konsthantverkare. Slutsatsen dras att kvinnorna och männen delvis har utvecklat olika genusrelaterade strategier när de utövar sina fria yrken. Detta framgår bland annat genom att kvinnorna i högre utsträckning kombinerar egen konsthantverksproduktion med anställning som exempelvis lärare eller designer medan männen i högre utsträckning tar hjälp med delar av det administrativa arbetet och enklare sysslor i produktionen. Männen i konsthantverkskollektiven har även i genomsnitt väsentligt högre omsättning av den egna verksamheten än kvinnorna. Som komplement till den kvantitativa empirin presenteras sex väletablerade kvinnor som arbetar heltid med konsthantverk. Dessa kvinnors sätt att utöva sina yrken beskrivs och deras egna berättelser om yrkenas fördelar och nackdelar lyfts fram och analyseras. De sex kvinnliga konsthantverkarnas individuella berättelser, som sammanställda blir till deras kollektiv historia, visar hur de ständigt söker nya vägar både vad gäller att få möjlighet att arbeta med konsthantverk och att få verksamhet ekonomiskt lönsam. Det finns slutligen även ett personligt värde för utövarna eftersom denna typ av yrken, av hantverksförespråkare och sociologer beskrivits som mycket nära det ideala arbetet. Konsthantverkare själva anser att arbetsuppgifterna är så intressanta och stimulerande att de, trots stora svårigheter att få verksamheten att bli ekonomiskt lönsam, stannar kvar i yrkena under många år. (Less)
Abstract
This dissertation focuses on the possibilities for artist craftsmen or handicrafters to operate their independent small enterprises under the conditions of late-modern society. It describes and analyses the game in the arena of handicraft production. The powerful influence of gender constructions on this game is considered. The theoretical discussion starts with Bourdieus´ theory about fields of cultural production characterised by reversed economy. It then proceeds towards a synthesis with theory about segregation by gender in working life. My analysis of the transcendence of traditional gendered frames by handicrafters who wish to go beyond conventional expectations employs the concept of desire. A combination of quantitative and... (More)
This dissertation focuses on the possibilities for artist craftsmen or handicrafters to operate their independent small enterprises under the conditions of late-modern society. It describes and analyses the game in the arena of handicraft production. The powerful influence of gender constructions on this game is considered. The theoretical discussion starts with Bourdieus´ theory about fields of cultural production characterised by reversed economy. It then proceeds towards a synthesis with theory about segregation by gender in working life. My analysis of the transcendence of traditional gendered frames by handicrafters who wish to go beyond conventional expectations employs the concept of desire. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods is used. Empirical material has been gathered by means of 204 questionnaires submitted to handicrafters and members of co-operatives, and interviews with six well-established female handicrafters. The material indicates that women and men develop partly different strategies in the practice of their crafts. This is evident although women to a larger extent combine their handicraft with employment as designers or teachers while men to a larger extent apply professional help with administrative tasks and more routinised phases of the production process. Men who work in co-operatives also generally achieve a considerably higher turnover than women. In addition to the survey results, the views and experiences of six well-established full-time working women are introduced. Their ways of practising their craft are presented here, and their narratives about advantages and disadvantages are analysed. The women's individual stories combine into a collective story about their attempts to find new ways of practising their craft, about how to improve the economical situation of their enterprises, etc. Finally, the study emphasises the personal satisfaction that people in the field of handicraft derive from their work. As a matter of fact, it has been described as an ideal kind of work by sociologists and spokesmen of the craft. Craftspeople themselves suggest that their task is so interesting and stimulating that they continue to carry on for many years regardless of persistent economic difficulties. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
opponent
  • Professor Trondman, Mats, Lärarhögskolan, Malmö
organization
publishing date
type
Thesis
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Arbetslivssociologi, Sociology of labour, sociology of enterprise, Sociologi, Sociology, Samhällsvetenskaper, Social sciences, horisontal and vertical gender segregation, habitus, self-employment, desire, reversed economy, gender, handicraft, företagssociologi
pages
282 pages
publisher
Department of Sociology, Lund University
defense location
Auditoriet, Kulturen i Lund
defense date
2005-01-28 10:15
ISBN
91-628-6396-7
language
Swedish
LU publication?
yes
id
9667cda5-4f39-4bc0-ab96-6f90337fa383 (old id 24309)
date added to LUP
2007-05-31 15:42:42
date last changed
2016-09-19 08:45:06
@misc{9667cda5-4f39-4bc0-ab96-6f90337fa383,
  abstract     = {This dissertation focuses on the possibilities for artist craftsmen or handicrafters to operate their independent small enterprises under the conditions of late-modern society. It describes and analyses the game in the arena of handicraft production. The powerful influence of gender constructions on this game is considered. The theoretical discussion starts with Bourdieus´ theory about fields of cultural production characterised by reversed economy. It then proceeds towards a synthesis with theory about segregation by gender in working life. My analysis of the transcendence of traditional gendered frames by handicrafters who wish to go beyond conventional expectations employs the concept of desire. A combination of quantitative and qualitative methods is used. Empirical material has been gathered by means of 204 questionnaires submitted to handicrafters and members of co-operatives, and interviews with six well-established female handicrafters. The material indicates that women and men develop partly different strategies in the practice of their crafts. This is evident although women to a larger extent combine their handicraft with employment as designers or teachers while men to a larger extent apply professional help with administrative tasks and more routinised phases of the production process. Men who work in co-operatives also generally achieve a considerably higher turnover than women. In addition to the survey results, the views and experiences of six well-established full-time working women are introduced. Their ways of practising their craft are presented here, and their narratives about advantages and disadvantages are analysed. The women's individual stories combine into a collective story about their attempts to find new ways of practising their craft, about how to improve the economical situation of their enterprises, etc. Finally, the study emphasises the personal satisfaction that people in the field of handicraft derive from their work. As a matter of fact, it has been described as an ideal kind of work by sociologists and spokesmen of the craft. Craftspeople themselves suggest that their task is so interesting and stimulating that they continue to carry on for many years regardless of persistent economic difficulties.},
  author       = {Witt, Ann-Katrin},
  isbn         = {91-628-6396-7},
  keyword      = {Arbetslivssociologi,Sociology of labour,sociology of enterprise,Sociologi,Sociology,Samhällsvetenskaper,Social sciences,horisontal and vertical gender segregation,habitus,self-employment,desire,reversed economy,gender,handicraft,företagssociologi},
  language     = {swe},
  pages        = {282},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x9f16a38)},
  title        = {Konsthantverkare, genus och omvänd ekonomi - Om hinder och möjligheter att agera på konsthantverkets arena},
  year         = {2005},
}