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Behaviour of an Intumescing System Subjected to Different Heating Conditions

Johansson, Nils LU ; Van Hees, Patrick LU ; Jansson, Robert and Sjöström, Johan (2013) Fire and Materials 2013 In Fire and Materials - 13th International Conferance and Exhibition p.187-196
Abstract
Previous studies have indicated that the expansion of fire seals and fire stoppers will be dependent on the heat exposure. Standardized methods for classification includes exposure to a rapid heat exposure of the product that is tested, but this might not always be the worst case scenario for the product. In this paper a series of tests are presented in order to study how a graphite based intumescing system, intended for cavities, reacts when subjected to fire conditions different form that in the standardised method EN 1366-4. Two different experimental setups, a cone calorimeter at Lund University and a small-scale furnace at SP Fire Technology, were used in the tests.



The start of expansion reaction in the tested fire... (More)
Previous studies have indicated that the expansion of fire seals and fire stoppers will be dependent on the heat exposure. Standardized methods for classification includes exposure to a rapid heat exposure of the product that is tested, but this might not always be the worst case scenario for the product. In this paper a series of tests are presented in order to study how a graphite based intumescing system, intended for cavities, reacts when subjected to fire conditions different form that in the standardised method EN 1366-4. Two different experimental setups, a cone calorimeter at Lund University and a small-scale furnace at SP Fire Technology, were used in the tests.



The start of expansion reaction in the tested fire stopper was around 180°C. The start of reaction temperature is rather independent of the incident heat flux, while expansion rate is clearly dependent on the incident heat flux. Furthermore, the studied fire stopper performed well in the small-scale furnace because the graphite expanded enough to give the same protection, although it is preheated or wet, as when subjected to a heat exposure similar to ISO 834. These results are good but they are only considered valid for the studied system and for the given situation. Future research is needed in order to study how other types of intumescing fire protection systems work when subjected to realistic fire environments. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Fire and Materials - 13th International Conferance and Exhibition
editor
Grayson, Stephen
pages
10 pages
publisher
Interscience Communications
conference name
Fire and Materials 2013
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84890829479
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fd95c0d4-dfe0-4ae0-9ce3-bbfa0845d6f6 (old id 3458020)
date added to LUP
2013-02-26 07:41:46
date last changed
2016-10-13 04:37:07
@misc{fd95c0d4-dfe0-4ae0-9ce3-bbfa0845d6f6,
  abstract     = {Previous studies have indicated that the expansion of fire seals and fire stoppers will be dependent on the heat exposure. Standardized methods for classification includes exposure to a rapid heat exposure of the product that is tested, but this might not always be the worst case scenario for the product. In this paper a series of tests are presented in order to study how a graphite based intumescing system, intended for cavities, reacts when subjected to fire conditions different form that in the standardised method EN 1366-4. Two different experimental setups, a cone calorimeter at Lund University and a small-scale furnace at SP Fire Technology, were used in the tests.<br/><br>
<br/><br>
The start of expansion reaction in the tested fire stopper was around 180°C. The start of reaction temperature is rather independent of the incident heat flux, while expansion rate is clearly dependent on the incident heat flux. Furthermore, the studied fire stopper performed well in the small-scale furnace because the graphite expanded enough to give the same protection, although it is preheated or wet, as when subjected to a heat exposure similar to ISO 834. These results are good but they are only considered valid for the studied system and for the given situation. Future research is needed in order to study how other types of intumescing fire protection systems work when subjected to realistic fire environments.},
  author       = {Johansson, Nils and Van Hees, Patrick and Jansson, Robert and Sjöström, Johan},
  editor       = {Grayson, Stephen},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {187--196},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xb4ad988)},
  series       = {Fire and Materials - 13th International Conferance and Exhibition},
  title        = {Behaviour of an Intumescing System Subjected to Different Heating Conditions},
  year         = {2013},
}