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Visions unite: From informal to formal: Popular Adult Education and the state: opposites converge and get established through the concept of democracy

Johansson, Lotta LU and Bergstedt, Bosse LU (2012) International Conference on the History of Concepts, 2012
Abstract
The Swedish concept of folkbildning (the ‘bildung’ of the people) and its introduction in the mid-1900th century was connected to the advent of Folkhögskolan (the popular adult education) with explicit as well as implicit references to the Danish philosopher Gruntvig’s ideals of education. The broad popular movement which the adult education ideals was incorporated into during the beginning of the 20th century, was setting values on the political agenda independent of the prevailing national state church. Within these movements, which were formed through and sustained by their resistance towards the state, democracy became a key concept. This paper studies the ideals of the popular adult education and the state through their relation to... (More)
The Swedish concept of folkbildning (the ‘bildung’ of the people) and its introduction in the mid-1900th century was connected to the advent of Folkhögskolan (the popular adult education) with explicit as well as implicit references to the Danish philosopher Gruntvig’s ideals of education. The broad popular movement which the adult education ideals was incorporated into during the beginning of the 20th century, was setting values on the political agenda independent of the prevailing national state church. Within these movements, which were formed through and sustained by their resistance towards the state, democracy became a key concept. This paper studies the ideals of the popular adult education and the state through their relation to democracy inside and outside the established school system, based on political steering documents and curriculums from the elementary school as well as policy documents of the popular adult education. In accordance with Koselleck’s theory of conceptual history, a concept is, compared to an ordinary word, ambiguous in its essence. It is impossible to differentiate the social and political world from its linguistics; concepts could therefore be regarded as keys to historical insights. On the basis of Koselleck’s theory and the key concepts experience and expectation the use of the concept democracy in the above mentioned documents is discussed and analyzed. The study shows that the popular adult education and the established educational system in the beginning had different spaces of experience, with references to separate traditions, but they gradually converged into what could be seen as a common horizon of expectation about the meaning of democracy. At the same time, when this convergence appeared, an administrative shift could be identified where the popular adult education was incorporated into the established school system. (Less)
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organization
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type
Contribution to conference
publication status
published
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keywords
education, democracy, popular adult education, history of concepts, Koselleck, civil society, curriculum, steering and policy documents
conference name
International Conference on the History of Concepts, 2012
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fb3c2dca-aa13-4d71-9ae5-a8834eaa3f4f (old id 3628910)
date added to LUP
2013-04-02 14:29:57
date last changed
2016-04-16 11:38:36
@misc{fb3c2dca-aa13-4d71-9ae5-a8834eaa3f4f,
  abstract     = {The Swedish concept of folkbildning (the ‘bildung’ of the people) and its introduction in the mid-1900th century was connected to the advent of Folkhögskolan (the popular adult education) with explicit as well as implicit references to the Danish philosopher Gruntvig’s ideals of education. The broad popular movement which the adult education ideals was incorporated into during the beginning of the 20th century, was setting values on the political agenda independent of the prevailing national state church. Within these movements, which were formed through and sustained by their resistance towards the state, democracy became a key concept. This paper studies the ideals of the popular adult education and the state through their relation to democracy inside and outside the established school system, based on political steering documents and curriculums from the elementary school as well as policy documents of the popular adult education. In accordance with Koselleck’s theory of conceptual history, a concept is, compared to an ordinary word, ambiguous in its essence. It is impossible to differentiate the social and political world from its linguistics; concepts could therefore be regarded as keys to historical insights. On the basis of Koselleck’s theory and the key concepts experience and expectation the use of the concept democracy in the above mentioned documents is discussed and analyzed. The study shows that the popular adult education and the established educational system in the beginning had different spaces of experience, with references to separate traditions, but they gradually converged into what could be seen as a common horizon of expectation about the meaning of democracy. At the same time, when this convergence appeared, an administrative shift could be identified where the popular adult education was incorporated into the established school system.},
  author       = {Johansson, Lotta and Bergstedt, Bosse},
  keyword      = {education,democracy,popular adult education,history of concepts,Koselleck,civil society,curriculum,steering and policy documents},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Visions unite: From informal to formal: Popular Adult Education and the state: opposites converge and get established through the concept of democracy},
  year         = {2012},
}