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Children Develop a Veil of Fairness

Montinari, Natalia LU ; Shaw, Alex; Piovesan, Marco; Gino, Francesca; Norton, Mike and Olson, Kristina R. (2014) In Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143(1). p.363-375
Abstract
Previous research suggests that children develop an increasing concern with fairness over the course of development. Research with adults suggests that the concern with fairness has at least two distinct components: a desire to be fair but also a desire to signal to others that they are fair. We explore whether children’s developing concern with behaving fairly towards others may in
part reflect a developing concern with appearing fair to others. In Experiments 1-2, most 6- to 8-year-old children behaved fairly towards others when an experimenter was aware of their choices; fewer children opted to behave fairly, however, when they could be unfair to others yet appear fair to the experimenter. In Experiment 3, we explored the... (More)
Previous research suggests that children develop an increasing concern with fairness over the course of development. Research with adults suggests that the concern with fairness has at least two distinct components: a desire to be fair but also a desire to signal to others that they are fair. We explore whether children’s developing concern with behaving fairly towards others may in
part reflect a developing concern with appearing fair to others. In Experiments 1-2, most 6- to 8-year-old children behaved fairly towards others when an experimenter was aware of their choices; fewer children opted to behave fairly, however, when they could be unfair to others yet appear fair to the experimenter. In Experiment 3, we explored the development of this concern with appearing fair by using a wider age range (6- to 11-year-olds) and a different method. In this experiment, children chose how to assign a good or bad prize to themselves and another participant by either unilaterally deciding who would get each prize or by using a fair procedure – flipping a coin in private. Older children were much more likely to flip the coin than younger
children, yet were just as likely as younger children to assign themselves the good prize by reporting winning the coin flip more than chance would dictate. Overall, the results of these experiments suggest that as children grow older they become increasingly concerned with appearing fair to others, which may explain some of their increased tendency to behave fairly. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
fairness, inequity aversion, reputation, soci al signaling, social cognitive development
in
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
volume
143
issue
1
pages
12 pages
publisher
American Psychological Association Inc.
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84893373775
ISSN
0096-3445
DOI
10.1037/a0031247
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
3b4bbd75-5f38-479f-8bc5-9a03dcf32f1b
date added to LUP
2016-05-19 12:11:38
date last changed
2016-12-04 04:51:43
@misc{3b4bbd75-5f38-479f-8bc5-9a03dcf32f1b,
  abstract     = {Previous research suggests that children develop an increasing concern with fairness over the course of development. Research with adults suggests that the concern with fairness has at least two distinct components: a desire to be fair but also a desire to signal to others that they are fair. We explore whether children’s developing concern with behaving fairly towards others may in <br/>part reflect a developing concern with appearing fair to others. In Experiments 1-2, most 6- to 8-year-old children behaved fairly towards others  when an experimenter was aware of their choices; fewer children opted to behave fairly, however, when they could be unfair to others yet appear fair to the experimenter. In Experiment 3, we explored the development of this concern with appearing fair by using a wider age range (6- to 11-year-olds) and a different method. In this experiment, children chose how to assign a good or bad prize to themselves and another participant by either unilaterally deciding who would get each prize or by using a fair procedure – flipping a coin in private. Older children were much more likely to flip the coin than younger <br/>children, yet were just as likely as younger children to assign themselves the good prize by reporting winning the coin flip more than chance would dictate. Overall, the results of these experiments suggest that as children grow older they become increasingly concerned with appearing fair to others, which may explain some of their increased tendency to behave fairly.  },
  author       = {Montinari, Natalia and Shaw, Alex and Piovesan, Marco and Gino, Francesca and Norton, Mike and Olson, Kristina R.},
  issn         = {0096-3445},
  keyword      = {fairness,inequity aversion,reputation,soci al signaling,social cognitive development  },
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {363--375},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x895caa8)},
  series       = { Journal of Experimental Psychology: General},
  title        = {Children Develop a Veil of Fairness},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0031247},
  volume       = {143},
  year         = {2014},
}