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Traffic Information Signs, Colour Scheme of Emergency Exit Portals and Acoustic Systems for Road Tunnel Emergency Evacuations

Ronchi, Enrico LU and Nilsson, Daniel LU (2013) In TVBB 3173.
Abstract
This work presents a literature review and a questionnaire study with 62 participants aimed at providing recommendations on the design of a set of evacuation systems for road tunnels: 1) Traffic Information Sign (TIS) - message and size of the sign (large or small), colour scheme, and use of pictograms and/or flashing lights, 2) Emergency exit portal layout - colour scheme, 3) Acoustic systems - voice message and/or warning signals. The TIS is recommended to include the use of two panels which present text (in amber) and flashing lights in one panel and the emergency exit pictorial symbol in green in the other panel. An increased size of the panels has a positive effect on capturing participants’ attention. The recommended colour scheme... (More)
This work presents a literature review and a questionnaire study with 62 participants aimed at providing recommendations on the design of a set of evacuation systems for road tunnels: 1) Traffic Information Sign (TIS) - message and size of the sign (large or small), colour scheme, and use of pictograms and/or flashing lights, 2) Emergency exit portal layout - colour scheme, 3) Acoustic systems - voice message and/or warning signals. The TIS is recommended to include the use of two panels which present text (in amber) and flashing lights in one panel and the emergency exit pictorial symbol in green in the other panel. An increased size of the panels has a positive effect on capturing participants’ attention. The recommended colour scheme for the emergency exit portal is safety green for the portal and a “green darker than the safety green” for the door. Vocal messages are not recommended since they may be quite difficult to perceive in tunnels. The use of a warning signal (F_SAW signal) based on British Standards is recommended. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Book/Report
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Emergency evacuation, tunnel evacuation, Theory of Affordances, way-finding, notification, emergency exit, and system design
in
TVBB
volume
3173
pages
50 pages
publisher
Department of Fire Safety Engineering and Systems Safety, Lund University
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f9ad45fd-d4ca-4ad5-ba0e-2c57e844fd12 (old id 4841113)
date added to LUP
2014-12-11 12:14:18
date last changed
2016-04-16 10:29:14
@misc{f9ad45fd-d4ca-4ad5-ba0e-2c57e844fd12,
  abstract     = {This work presents a literature review and a questionnaire study with 62 participants aimed at providing recommendations on the design of a set of evacuation systems for road tunnels: 1) Traffic Information Sign (TIS) - message and size of the sign (large or small), colour scheme, and use of pictograms and/or flashing lights, 2) Emergency exit portal layout - colour scheme, 3) Acoustic systems - voice message and/or warning signals. The TIS is recommended to include the use of two panels which present text (in amber) and flashing lights in one panel and the emergency exit pictorial symbol in green in the other panel. An increased size of the panels has a positive effect on capturing participants’ attention. The recommended colour scheme for the emergency exit portal is safety green for the portal and a “green darker than the safety green” for the door. Vocal messages are not recommended since they may be quite difficult to perceive in tunnels. The use of a warning signal (F_SAW signal) based on British Standards is recommended.},
  author       = {Ronchi, Enrico and Nilsson, Daniel},
  keyword      = {Emergency evacuation,tunnel evacuation,Theory of Affordances,way-finding,notification,emergency exit,and system design},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {50},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x8044468)},
  series       = {TVBB},
  title        = {Traffic Information Signs, Colour Scheme of Emergency Exit Portals and Acoustic Systems for Road Tunnel Emergency Evacuations},
  volume       = {3173},
  year         = {2013},
}