Advanced

Childhood Health and Labor Market Outcomes in the Case of Type 1 Diabetes

Persson, Sofie LU ; Dahlquist, Gisela; Gerdtham, Ulf LU and Steen Carlsson, Katarina LU (2014) In Working Paper / Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University
Abstract
This study investigates the impact of childhood health on labor market outcomes. We used type 1 diabetes as an instrument of health because its cause is multifactorial and it is triggered by a complex combination of genetic and environmental components; its incidence is low and unforeseeable for the individual; and its onset may be considered an exogenous health shock. Using data from the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register and national registers on education, employment, and earnings for 2,485 individuals born in 1972–1978 and diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at <15 years old, we found that childhood health impacts on labor market outcomes. The results also imply that causality in the often observed correlation between health and... (More)
This study investigates the impact of childhood health on labor market outcomes. We used type 1 diabetes as an instrument of health because its cause is multifactorial and it is triggered by a complex combination of genetic and environmental components; its incidence is low and unforeseeable for the individual; and its onset may be considered an exogenous health shock. Using data from the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register and national registers on education, employment, and earnings for 2,485 individuals born in 1972–1978 and diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at <15 years old, we found that childhood health impacts on labor market outcomes. The results also imply that causality in the often observed correlation between health and socioeconomic status is partly explained by a gradient that runs from health to earnings, rather than the other way around, which has important implications for policy to reduce socioeconomic-related health inequality. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Working Paper
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Health, chronic disease, earnings, employment, education
in
Working Paper / Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University
issue
43
pages
35 pages
publisher
Department of Economics, Lund Universtiy
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
25b2f302-e9ed-4058-8264-97463ee39927 (old id 4865059)
alternative location
http://swopec.hhs.se/lunewp/abs/lunewp2014_043.htm
date added to LUP
2014-12-17 15:47:33
date last changed
2016-04-16 09:48:11
@misc{25b2f302-e9ed-4058-8264-97463ee39927,
  abstract     = {This study investigates the impact of childhood health on labor market outcomes. We used type 1 diabetes as an instrument of health because its cause is multifactorial and it is triggered by a complex combination of genetic and environmental components; its incidence is low and unforeseeable for the individual; and its onset may be considered an exogenous health shock. Using data from the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register and national registers on education, employment, and earnings for 2,485 individuals born in 1972–1978 and diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at &lt;15 years old, we found that childhood health impacts on labor market outcomes. The results also imply that causality in the often observed correlation between health and socioeconomic status is partly explained by a gradient that runs from health to earnings, rather than the other way around, which has important implications for policy to reduce socioeconomic-related health inequality.},
  author       = {Persson, Sofie and Dahlquist, Gisela and Gerdtham, Ulf and Steen Carlsson, Katarina},
  keyword      = {Health,chronic disease,earnings,employment,education},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {43},
  pages        = {35},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x97aac88)},
  series       = {Working Paper / Department of Economics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University},
  title        = {Childhood Health and Labor Market Outcomes in the Case of Type 1 Diabetes},
  year         = {2014},
}