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A radiographic analysis of constriction locations for vowels

Wood, Sidney A J LU (1991) In Papers in speech communication. Speech production (Reprinted from Journal of Phonetics 7, 1979, p.25-43) 7.
Abstract
Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal... (More)
Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal constrictions. The tongue muscles are found to be admirably situated for creating constrictions at the four locations. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Papers in speech communication. Speech production (Reprinted from Journal of Phonetics 7, 1979, p.25-43)
editor
Kent, Raymond D.; Atal, Bishnu S. and Miller, Joanne L.
volume
7
publisher
Acoustical Society of America
ISBN
0-88318-958-5
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
9a5aabc4-7fc6-41ad-836b-a658d73209a6 (old id 529386)
date added to LUP
2007-09-26 15:42:09
date last changed
2016-08-03 09:42:33
@misc{9a5aabc4-7fc6-41ad-836b-a658d73209a6,
  abstract     = {Vocal tract area functions estimated from 38 sets of X-rayed vowel articulations collected from the literature and from new X-ray motion films of English and Arabic speech reveal four constriction locations: along the hard palate, along the soft palate, in the upper pharynx and in the lower larynx. Each location is appropriate for a definable class of vowel qualities, confirming the quantal nature of at least this aspect of vowel articulation. The acoustical, physiological and phonological implications are discussed. In a given phonotactic environment the precision of the constricting tongue manoeuvre was good. The only truly language specific difference was a preference for either the midpalatal or prepalatal location for palatal constrictions. The tongue muscles are found to be admirably situated for creating constrictions at the four locations.},
  author       = {Wood, Sidney A J},
  editor       = {Kent, Raymond D. and Atal, Bishnu S. and Miller, Joanne L.},
  isbn         = {0-88318-958-5},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xab10120)},
  series       = {Papers in speech communication. Speech production (Reprinted from Journal of Phonetics 7, 1979, p.25-43)},
  title        = {A radiographic analysis of constriction locations for vowels},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {1991},
}