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Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden

Westerdahl, J LU ; Olsson, Håkan LU ; Måsbäck, A LU ; Ingvar, C LU ; Jonsson, N; Brandt, L LU ; Jönsson, P E LU and Möller, Torgil LU (1994) In American Journal of Epidemiology 140(8). p.9-691
Abstract

In a population-based, matched case-control study from the South Swedish Health Care Region, which has the highest risk for melanoma in Sweden, the relation between the use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma was investigated. Between July 1, 1988, and June 30, 1990, a total of 400 melanoma patients and 640 healthy controls aged 15-75 years answered a comprehensive questionnaire containing different epidemiologic variables. Questions regarding the use of sunbeds or sunlamps were included. The odds ratio for developing malignant melanoma after ever having used sunbeds or sunlamps was 1.3. Considering all age groups, the odds ratio was significantly elevated after exposure more than 10 times a year to sunbeds or sunlamps (odds... (More)

In a population-based, matched case-control study from the South Swedish Health Care Region, which has the highest risk for melanoma in Sweden, the relation between the use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma was investigated. Between July 1, 1988, and June 30, 1990, a total of 400 melanoma patients and 640 healthy controls aged 15-75 years answered a comprehensive questionnaire containing different epidemiologic variables. Questions regarding the use of sunbeds or sunlamps were included. The odds ratio for developing malignant melanoma after ever having used sunbeds or sunlamps was 1.3. Considering all age groups, the odds ratio was significantly elevated after exposure more than 10 times a year to sunbeds or sunlamps (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8). When the study was restricted to patients and controls younger than age 30 years because the use of tanning devices is much more common among young persons, the odds ratio was higher (OR = 7.7 for more than 10 times a year vs. none). These findings were independent of constitutional factors and factors regarding sun exposure. A dose-response relation was evident. Furthermore, among melanoma patients in this young age group, the ratio of females to males was significantly higher than in older patients. When different melanoma presentation sites were considered, only lesions of the trunk were significantly associated with sunbed or sunlamp use (OR = 4.2 for more than 10 times a year vs. none).

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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Case-Control Studies, Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation, Female, Heliotherapy, Humans, Male, Melanoma, Middle Aged, Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced, Registries, Risk Factors, Skin Neoplasms, Sunlight, Sweden, Ultraviolet Rays
in
American Journal of Epidemiology
volume
140
issue
8
pages
9 pages
publisher
Oxford University Press
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0028033916
ISSN
0002-9262
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
79047bb4-9cb7-45bb-94d3-3372836d2466
date added to LUP
2016-09-18 12:56:16
date last changed
2016-10-30 04:49:53
@misc{79047bb4-9cb7-45bb-94d3-3372836d2466,
  abstract     = {<p>In a population-based, matched case-control study from the South Swedish Health Care Region, which has the highest risk for melanoma in Sweden, the relation between the use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma was investigated. Between July 1, 1988, and June 30, 1990, a total of 400 melanoma patients and 640 healthy controls aged 15-75 years answered a comprehensive questionnaire containing different epidemiologic variables. Questions regarding the use of sunbeds or sunlamps were included. The odds ratio for developing malignant melanoma after ever having used sunbeds or sunlamps was 1.3. Considering all age groups, the odds ratio was significantly elevated after exposure more than 10 times a year to sunbeds or sunlamps (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8). When the study was restricted to patients and controls younger than age 30 years because the use of tanning devices is much more common among young persons, the odds ratio was higher (OR = 7.7 for more than 10 times a year vs. none). These findings were independent of constitutional factors and factors regarding sun exposure. A dose-response relation was evident. Furthermore, among melanoma patients in this young age group, the ratio of females to males was significantly higher than in older patients. When different melanoma presentation sites were considered, only lesions of the trunk were significantly associated with sunbed or sunlamp use (OR = 4.2 for more than 10 times a year vs. none).</p>},
  author       = {Westerdahl, J and Olsson, Håkan and Måsbäck, A and Ingvar, C and Jonsson, N and Brandt, L and Jönsson, P E and Möller, Torgil},
  issn         = {0002-9262},
  keyword      = {Adolescent,Adult,Aged,Case-Control Studies,Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation,Female,Heliotherapy,Humans,Male,Melanoma,Middle Aged,Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced,Registries,Risk Factors,Skin Neoplasms,Sunlight,Sweden,Ultraviolet Rays},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {9--691},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xb102130)},
  series       = {American Journal of Epidemiology},
  title        = {Use of sunbeds or sunlamps and malignant melanoma in southern Sweden},
  volume       = {140},
  year         = {1994},
}