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Dynamics of Picture Viewing and Picture Description.

Holsanova, Jana LU (2006) In Visual thought. The depictive space of the mind. Advances in Consciousness Research.. p.233-254
Abstract
In his book Visual thinking, Arnheim (1969) writes: ... cognitive operations called thinking are not the privilege of mental processes above and beyond perception but the essential ingredients of perception itself. I am referring to such operations as active exploration, selection, grasping of essentials, simplification, abstraction, analysis and synthesis, completion, correction, comparison, problem solving, as well as combining, separating, putting in context (Arnheim 1969:13). He draws the conclusion that 'visual perception (...) is not a passive recording of stimulus material but anactive concern of the mind' (Arnheim 1969:37). In order to understand the dynamics of the ongoing perception and the cognitive processes involved, I... (More)
In his book Visual thinking, Arnheim (1969) writes: ... cognitive operations called thinking are not the privilege of mental processes above and beyond perception but the essential ingredients of perception itself. I am referring to such operations as active exploration, selection, grasping of essentials, simplification, abstraction, analysis and synthesis, completion, correction, comparison, problem solving, as well as combining, separating, putting in context (Arnheim 1969:13). He draws the conclusion that 'visual perception (...) is not a passive recording of stimulus material but anactive concern of the mind' (Arnheim 1969:37). In order to understand the dynamics of the ongoing perception and the cognitive processes involved, I investigate the dynamics of picture viewing and picture description (Holsanova 2001). I connect two disciplines, linguistics and vision research, and combine two methods, spoken language descriptions and eye movement protocols,to cast light on the underlying mental processes. In the first section of this chapter, I present the data, method and analytical tools of the experimental studies. In the second section, I discuss the results of the empirical studies within the functionalist and information®¢processing framework. The third section addresses how the observers verbalize their impressions from the picture and how their picture descriptions differ in style. In the fourth section, I consider how the results from the studies contribute to an understanding of the dynamics of the ongoing perception processes ®¢an area on the intersection of artistic and cognitive theories. Finally, in Section 5, I present an eyetracking study on picture viewing and mental imagery. The results are summarized and discussed in Section 6. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Visual thought. The depictive space of the mind.
editor
Albertazzi, L.
volume
Advances in Consciousness Research.
pages
233 - 254
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company
ISBN
9027252033
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1fa0ef58-fd25-419f-ad94-d143dbcd82e6 (old id 793387)
date added to LUP
2008-01-23 15:39:29
date last changed
2016-04-16 09:21:26
@misc{1fa0ef58-fd25-419f-ad94-d143dbcd82e6,
  abstract     = {In his book Visual thinking, Arnheim (1969) writes: ... cognitive operations called thinking are not the privilege of mental processes above and beyond perception but the essential ingredients of perception itself. I am referring to such operations as active exploration, selection, grasping of essentials, simplification, abstraction, analysis and synthesis, completion, correction, comparison, problem solving, as well as combining, separating, putting in context (Arnheim 1969:13). He draws the conclusion that 'visual perception (...) is not a passive recording of stimulus material but anactive concern of the mind' (Arnheim 1969:37). In order to understand the dynamics of the ongoing perception and the cognitive processes involved, I investigate the dynamics of picture viewing and picture description (Holsanova 2001). I connect two disciplines, linguistics and vision research, and combine two methods, spoken language descriptions and eye movement protocols,to cast light on the underlying mental processes. In the first section of this chapter, I present the data, method and analytical tools of the experimental studies. In the second section, I discuss the results of the empirical studies within the functionalist and information®¢processing framework. The third section addresses how the observers verbalize their impressions from the picture and how their picture descriptions differ in style. In the fourth section, I consider how the results from the studies contribute to an understanding of the dynamics of the ongoing perception processes ®¢an area on the intersection of artistic and cognitive theories. Finally, in Section 5, I present an eyetracking study on picture viewing and mental imagery. The results are summarized and discussed in Section 6.},
  author       = {Holsanova, Jana},
  editor       = {Albertazzi, L.},
  isbn         = {9027252033},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {233--254},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0xccadaa0)},
  series       = {Visual thought. The depictive space of the mind.},
  title        = {Dynamics of Picture Viewing and Picture Description.},
  volume       = {Advances in Consciousness Research.},
  year         = {2006},
}