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Robustness of Large-Scale Stochastic Matrices to Localized Perturbations

Como, Giacomo LU and Fagnani, Fabio (2015) In IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering 2(2). p.53-64
Abstract

Many notions of network centrality can be formulated in terms of invariant probability vectors of suitably defined stochastic matrices encoding the network structure. Analogously, invariant probability vectors of stochastic matrices allow one to characterize the asymptotic behavior of many linear network dynamics, e.g., arising in opinion dynamics in social networks as well as in distributed averaging algorithms for estimation or control. Hence, a central problem in network science and engineering is that of assessing the robustness of such invariant probability vectors to perturbations possibly localized on some relatively small part of the network. In this work, upper bounds are derived on the total variation distance between the... (More)

Many notions of network centrality can be formulated in terms of invariant probability vectors of suitably defined stochastic matrices encoding the network structure. Analogously, invariant probability vectors of stochastic matrices allow one to characterize the asymptotic behavior of many linear network dynamics, e.g., arising in opinion dynamics in social networks as well as in distributed averaging algorithms for estimation or control. Hence, a central problem in network science and engineering is that of assessing the robustness of such invariant probability vectors to perturbations possibly localized on some relatively small part of the network. In this work, upper bounds are derived on the total variation distance between the invariant probability vectors of two stochastic matrices differing on a subset W of rows. Such bounds depend on three parameters: the mixing time and the entrance time on the set W for the Markov chain associated to one of the matrices; and the exit probability from the set W for the Markov chain associated to the other matrix. These results, obtained through coupling techniques, prove particularly useful in scenarios where W is a small subset of the state space, even if the difference between the two matrices is not small in any norm. Several applications to large-scale network problems are discussed, including robustness of Google's PageRank algorithm, distributed averaging, consensus algorithms, and the voter model.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
consensus, distributed averaging, invariant probability vectors, large-scale networks, Network centrality, PageRank, resilience, robustness, stochastic matrices, voter model
in
IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering
volume
2
issue
2
pages
12 pages
publisher
IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84934343932
ISSN
2327-4697
DOI
10.1109/TNSE.2015.2438818
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
a611ae8b-c7af-4fa9-8c32-519292f52422
date added to LUP
2016-08-25 19:05:51
date last changed
2016-10-23 04:45:16
@misc{a611ae8b-c7af-4fa9-8c32-519292f52422,
  abstract     = {<p>Many notions of network centrality can be formulated in terms of invariant probability vectors of suitably defined stochastic matrices encoding the network structure. Analogously, invariant probability vectors of stochastic matrices allow one to characterize the asymptotic behavior of many linear network dynamics, e.g., arising in opinion dynamics in social networks as well as in distributed averaging algorithms for estimation or control. Hence, a central problem in network science and engineering is that of assessing the robustness of such invariant probability vectors to perturbations possibly localized on some relatively small part of the network. In this work, upper bounds are derived on the total variation distance between the invariant probability vectors of two stochastic matrices differing on a subset W of rows. Such bounds depend on three parameters: the mixing time and the entrance time on the set W for the Markov chain associated to one of the matrices; and the exit probability from the set W for the Markov chain associated to the other matrix. These results, obtained through coupling techniques, prove particularly useful in scenarios where W is a small subset of the state space, even if the difference between the two matrices is not small in any norm. Several applications to large-scale network problems are discussed, including robustness of Google's PageRank algorithm, distributed averaging, consensus algorithms, and the voter model.</p>},
  author       = {Como, Giacomo and Fagnani, Fabio},
  issn         = {2327-4697},
  keyword      = {consensus,distributed averaging,invariant probability vectors,large-scale networks,Network centrality,PageRank,resilience,robustness,stochastic matrices,voter model},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {53--64},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x800e638)},
  series       = {IEEE Transactions on Network Science and Engineering},
  title        = {Robustness of Large-Scale Stochastic Matrices to Localized Perturbations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TNSE.2015.2438818},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2015},
}