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Labor market consequences of childhood onset type 1 diabetes

Persson, Sofie LU ; Gerdtham, Ulf G. LU and Steen Carlsson, Katarina LU (2016) In Economics and Human Biology 23. p.180-192
Abstract

This paper examines the effect of the onset of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) before 15 years of age on labor market outcomes and contributes to the literature on effects of childhood health on adult socioeconomic status. Using national Swedish socioeconomic register data 1991–2010 for 2485 individuals born 1972–1978 with onset of T1DM in 1977–1993, we find that T1DM in childhood has a negative effect on labor market outcomes later in life. Part of the T1DM effect is channeled through occupational field which may be related to both choice and opportunities. Although the magnitude of the effect is only directly generalizable to illnesses with similar attributes as T1DM, the results suggest that causality in the often observed... (More)

This paper examines the effect of the onset of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) before 15 years of age on labor market outcomes and contributes to the literature on effects of childhood health on adult socioeconomic status. Using national Swedish socioeconomic register data 1991–2010 for 2485 individuals born 1972–1978 with onset of T1DM in 1977–1993, we find that T1DM in childhood has a negative effect on labor market outcomes later in life. Part of the T1DM effect is channeled through occupational field which may be related to both choice and opportunities. Although the magnitude of the effect is only directly generalizable to illnesses with similar attributes as T1DM, the results suggest that causality in the often observed correlation between health and socioeconomic status, at least partly, is explained by an effect running from health to earnings. This has implications for research and policy on strategies to reduce socioeconomic-related health inequality. Our findings also shed light on productivity losses, measured by employment status and earnings due to childhood onset T1DM, which have implications for both the individual and society.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Childhood health, Chronic disease, Earnings, Employment, Type 1 diabetes
in
Economics and Human Biology
volume
23
pages
13 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84989245500
ISSN
1570-677X
DOI
10.1016/j.ehb.2016.09.003
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c1ba7bda-da8e-4c8e-b74a-5c77d373bf9f
date added to LUP
2016-10-12 09:50:00
date last changed
2016-10-13 03:00:02
@misc{c1ba7bda-da8e-4c8e-b74a-5c77d373bf9f,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper examines the effect of the onset of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) before 15 years of age on labor market outcomes and contributes to the literature on effects of childhood health on adult socioeconomic status. Using national Swedish socioeconomic register data 1991–2010 for 2485 individuals born 1972–1978 with onset of T1DM in 1977–1993, we find that T1DM in childhood has a negative effect on labor market outcomes later in life. Part of the T1DM effect is channeled through occupational field which may be related to both choice and opportunities. Although the magnitude of the effect is only directly generalizable to illnesses with similar attributes as T1DM, the results suggest that causality in the often observed correlation between health and socioeconomic status, at least partly, is explained by an effect running from health to earnings. This has implications for research and policy on strategies to reduce socioeconomic-related health inequality. Our findings also shed light on productivity losses, measured by employment status and earnings due to childhood onset T1DM, which have implications for both the individual and society.</p>},
  author       = {Persson, Sofie and Gerdtham, Ulf G. and Steen Carlsson, Katarina},
  issn         = {1570-677X},
  keyword      = {Childhood health,Chronic disease,Earnings,Employment,Type 1 diabetes},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {12},
  pages        = {180--192},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x80ac7d8)},
  series       = {Economics and Human Biology},
  title        = {Labor market consequences of childhood onset type 1 diabetes},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ehb.2016.09.003},
  volume       = {23},
  year         = {2016},
}