Advanced

How are self-rated health and diagnosed disease related to early or deferred retirement? A cross-sectional study of employees aged 55-64

Nilsson, Kerstin LU ; Hydbom, Anna Rignell LU and Rylander, Lars LU (2016) In BMC Public Health 16(1).
Abstract

Background: More people will probably continue working into old age in the future due to the increased size of aging populations in many countries. We therefore need to know more about older workers' health in relation to their work situation and retirement. This study is a part of a theoretical development of older workers' situations. Older workers' situations are theoretically themed in nine areas by the authors of this study. The aims of the study were to investigate the relationship between: i) diagnosed disease and factors in older workers' situations, theoretically themed in nine areas; ii) self-rated health and factors in older workers' situations, theoretically themed in nine areas; iii) diagnosed disease and self-rated health;... (More)

Background: More people will probably continue working into old age in the future due to the increased size of aging populations in many countries. We therefore need to know more about older workers' health in relation to their work situation and retirement. This study is a part of a theoretical development of older workers' situations. Older workers' situations are theoretically themed in nine areas by the authors of this study. The aims of the study were to investigate the relationship between: i) diagnosed disease and factors in older workers' situations, theoretically themed in nine areas; ii) self-rated health and factors in older workers' situations, theoretically themed in nine areas; iii) diagnosed disease and self-rated health; and iv) the relationships between these health measures and retirement. Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study, using logistic regression, with 1,756 health care personnel aged 55-64 years. The questionnaire used gave an overview of most different areas in the older workers' situations. Result: There was a difference in the participants' frequency of objectively specified diagnosed disease and their subjectively experienced self-rated health. A bad self-rated health was related higher to early retirement than diagnosed diseases. In the multivariate model, having 'Diagnosed disease' was not significantly related to whether older workers thought they could not work beyond 65 years of age. A bad 'Self-rated health' was also more highly related to whether older workers thought they could not work beyond 65 years, than if the respondents stated that a 'Diagnosed disease is a hindrance in my daily work' in the multivariate model. Conclusion: This study showed an important difference between older workers' own experiences and the effect of their self-rated health and their diagnosed diseases. Subjective self-rated health seems to be more important to people's retirement planning than diagnosed disease. The most important factors affecting older workers' self-rated health was the degree to which they felt physically and mentally fatigued, their possibilities for revitalization, and issues of work satisfaction, age discrimination and attitudes of managers to them as seniors.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Extended work life, Health, Keyword: Diagnosed disease, Older workers, Retirement, Self-rated health
in
BMC Public Health
volume
16
issue
1
publisher
BioMed Central
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84984599965
ISSN
1471-2458
DOI
10.1186/s12889-016-3438-6
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d3f68ab8-8773-4478-a98c-4029a2369f67
date added to LUP
2016-09-21 11:13:35
date last changed
2016-10-04 13:19:58
@misc{d3f68ab8-8773-4478-a98c-4029a2369f67,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: More people will probably continue working into old age in the future due to the increased size of aging populations in many countries. We therefore need to know more about older workers' health in relation to their work situation and retirement. This study is a part of a theoretical development of older workers' situations. Older workers' situations are theoretically themed in nine areas by the authors of this study. The aims of the study were to investigate the relationship between: i) diagnosed disease and factors in older workers' situations, theoretically themed in nine areas; ii) self-rated health and factors in older workers' situations, theoretically themed in nine areas; iii) diagnosed disease and self-rated health; and iv) the relationships between these health measures and retirement. Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study, using logistic regression, with 1,756 health care personnel aged 55-64 years. The questionnaire used gave an overview of most different areas in the older workers' situations. Result: There was a difference in the participants' frequency of objectively specified diagnosed disease and their subjectively experienced self-rated health. A bad self-rated health was related higher to early retirement than diagnosed diseases. In the multivariate model, having 'Diagnosed disease' was not significantly related to whether older workers thought they could not work beyond 65 years of age. A bad 'Self-rated health' was also more highly related to whether older workers thought they could not work beyond 65 years, than if the respondents stated that a 'Diagnosed disease is a hindrance in my daily work' in the multivariate model. Conclusion: This study showed an important difference between older workers' own experiences and the effect of their self-rated health and their diagnosed diseases. Subjective self-rated health seems to be more important to people's retirement planning than diagnosed disease. The most important factors affecting older workers' self-rated health was the degree to which they felt physically and mentally fatigued, their possibilities for revitalization, and issues of work satisfaction, age discrimination and attitudes of managers to them as seniors.</p>},
  author       = {Nilsson, Kerstin and Hydbom, Anna Rignell and Rylander, Lars},
  issn         = {1471-2458},
  keyword      = {Extended work life,Health,Keyword: Diagnosed disease,Older workers,Retirement,Self-rated health},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {1},
  publisher    = {ARRAY(0x7b4ef98)},
  series       = {BMC Public Health},
  title        = {How are self-rated health and diagnosed disease related to early or deferred retirement? A cross-sectional study of employees aged 55-64},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3438-6},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2016},
}