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Gambling Disorder in Male Violent Offenders in the Prison System : Psychiatric and Substance-Related Comorbidity

Widinghoff, Carolina LU ; Berge, Jonas LU ; Wallinius, Märta LU ; Billstedt, Eva; Hofvander, Björn LU and Håkansson, Anders LU (2019) In Journal of gambling studies 35(2). p.485-500
Abstract

Gambling disorder is an addiction that can cause major suffering, and some populations seem to be more vulnerable than others. Offender populations have a remarkably high prevalence of gambling problems and they are also over-represented in a number of diagnoses related to gambling disorder, like substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder. Yet, there are few studies investigating gambling disorder prevalence and related psychiatric comorbidity in this group. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of, and association between, gambling disorder and other psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of young, male violent offenders. Two hundred and sixty-four male offenders, all serving sentences for violent crimes (recruited... (More)

Gambling disorder is an addiction that can cause major suffering, and some populations seem to be more vulnerable than others. Offender populations have a remarkably high prevalence of gambling problems and they are also over-represented in a number of diagnoses related to gambling disorder, like substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder. Yet, there are few studies investigating gambling disorder prevalence and related psychiatric comorbidity in this group. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of, and association between, gambling disorder and other psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of young, male violent offenders. Two hundred and sixty-four male offenders, all serving sentences for violent crimes (recruited between 2010 and 2012) participated in this study and went through comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, including assessment for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition criteria. Sixteen percent of the participants met criteria for gambling disorder. Antisocial personality disorder, cannabis, cocaine and anabolic steroids abuse were significantly more common among participants with gambling disorder. The gambling disorder group also showed significantly lower educational attainment. Cocaine abuse and failure to graduate elementary and middle school in expected time were independently associated with gambling disorder in a regression analysis. This study confirms the previously described high prevalence of gambling disorder in offenders. The psychiatric comorbidity was high and the problems had started early, with lower educational attainment in the gambling disorder group. The findings stress the importance of increased awareness of gambling problems among convicted offenders and of gambling research on young people with delinquent behavior. There is a need of more research to investigate this further, in order to develop preventive strategies and treatment.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of gambling studies
volume
35
issue
2
pages
485 - 500
publisher
Springer
ISSN
1050-5350
DOI
10.1007/s10899-018-9785-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
01374f48-c517-4637-99e6-1add7f4cba81
date added to LUP
2019-05-21 19:14:36
date last changed
2019-08-26 04:02:09
@article{01374f48-c517-4637-99e6-1add7f4cba81,
  abstract     = {<p>Gambling disorder is an addiction that can cause major suffering, and some populations seem to be more vulnerable than others. Offender populations have a remarkably high prevalence of gambling problems and they are also over-represented in a number of diagnoses related to gambling disorder, like substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder. Yet, there are few studies investigating gambling disorder prevalence and related psychiatric comorbidity in this group. This study aims to investigate the prevalence of, and association between, gambling disorder and other psychiatric diagnoses in a sample of young, male violent offenders. Two hundred and sixty-four male offenders, all serving sentences for violent crimes (recruited between 2010 and 2012) participated in this study and went through comprehensive psychiatric evaluation, including assessment for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th Edition criteria. Sixteen percent of the participants met criteria for gambling disorder. Antisocial personality disorder, cannabis, cocaine and anabolic steroids abuse were significantly more common among participants with gambling disorder. The gambling disorder group also showed significantly lower educational attainment. Cocaine abuse and failure to graduate elementary and middle school in expected time were independently associated with gambling disorder in a regression analysis. This study confirms the previously described high prevalence of gambling disorder in offenders. The psychiatric comorbidity was high and the problems had started early, with lower educational attainment in the gambling disorder group. The findings stress the importance of increased awareness of gambling problems among convicted offenders and of gambling research on young people with delinquent behavior. There is a need of more research to investigate this further, in order to develop preventive strategies and treatment.</p>},
  author       = {Widinghoff, Carolina and Berge, Jonas and Wallinius, Märta and Billstedt, Eva and Hofvander, Björn and Håkansson, Anders},
  issn         = {1050-5350},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {485--500},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Journal of gambling studies},
  title        = {Gambling Disorder in Male Violent Offenders in the Prison System : Psychiatric and Substance-Related Comorbidity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9785-8},
  volume       = {35},
  year         = {2019},
}