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Elucidation of Hydrogen Bonding Patterns in Ligand-Free, Lactose- and Glycerol-Bound Galectin-3C by Neutron Crystallography to Guide Drug Design

Manzoni, Francesco LU ; Wallerstein, Johan LU ; Schrader, Tobias E; Ostermann, Andreas; Coates, Leighton; Akke, Mikael LU ; Blakeley, Matthew P; Oksanen, Esko LU and Logan, Derek T LU (2018) In Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 61(10). p.4412-4420
Abstract (Swedish)
The medically important drug target galectin-3 binds galactose-containing moieties on glycoproteins through an intricate pattern of hydrogen bonds to a largely polar surface-exposed binding site. All successful inhibitors of galectin-3 to date have been based on mono- or disaccharide cores closely resembling natural ligands. A detailed understanding of the H-bonding networks in these natural ligands will provide an improved foundation for the design of novel inhibitors. Neutron crystallography is an ideal technique to reveal the geometry of hydrogen bonds because the positions of hydrogen atoms are directly detected rather than being inferred from the positions of heavier atoms as in X-ray crystallography. We present three neutron crystal... (More)
The medically important drug target galectin-3 binds galactose-containing moieties on glycoproteins through an intricate pattern of hydrogen bonds to a largely polar surface-exposed binding site. All successful inhibitors of galectin-3 to date have been based on mono- or disaccharide cores closely resembling natural ligands. A detailed understanding of the H-bonding networks in these natural ligands will provide an improved foundation for the design of novel inhibitors. Neutron crystallography is an ideal technique to reveal the geometry of hydrogen bonds because the positions of hydrogen atoms are directly detected rather than being inferred from the positions of heavier atoms as in X-ray crystallography. We present three neutron crystal structures of the C-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain of galectin-3: the ligand-free form and the complexes with the natural substrate lactose and with glycerol, which mimics important interactions made by lactose. The neutron crystal structures reveal unambiguously the exquisite fine-tuning of the hydrogen bonding pattern in the binding site to the natural disaccharide ligand. The ligand-free structure shows that most of these hydrogen bonds are preserved even when the polar groups of the ligand are replaced by water molecules. The protonation states of all histidine residues in the protein are also revealed and correlate well with NMR observations. The structures give a solid starting point for molecular dynamics simulations and computational estimates of ligand binding affinity that will inform future drug design. (Less)
Abstract

The medically important drug target galectin-3 binds galactose-containing moieties on glycoproteins through an intricate pattern of hydrogen bonds to a largely polar surface-exposed binding site. All successful inhibitors of galectin-3 to date have been based on mono- or disaccharide cores closely resembling natural ligands. A detailed understanding of the H-bonding networks in these natural ligands will provide an improved foundation for the design of novel inhibitors. Neutron crystallography is an ideal technique to reveal the geometry of hydrogen bonds because the positions of hydrogen atoms are directly detected rather than being inferred from the positions of heavier atoms as in X-ray crystallography. We present three neutron... (More)

The medically important drug target galectin-3 binds galactose-containing moieties on glycoproteins through an intricate pattern of hydrogen bonds to a largely polar surface-exposed binding site. All successful inhibitors of galectin-3 to date have been based on mono- or disaccharide cores closely resembling natural ligands. A detailed understanding of the H-bonding networks in these natural ligands will provide an improved foundation for the design of novel inhibitors. Neutron crystallography is an ideal technique to reveal the geometry of hydrogen bonds because the positions of hydrogen atoms are directly detected rather than being inferred from the positions of heavier atoms as in X-ray crystallography. We present three neutron crystal structures of the C-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain of galectin-3: the ligand-free form and the complexes with the natural substrate lactose and with glycerol, which mimics important interactions made by lactose. The neutron crystal structures reveal unambiguously the exquisite fine-tuning of the hydrogen bonding pattern in the binding site to the natural disaccharide ligand. The ligand-free structure shows that most of these hydrogen bonds are preserved even when the polar groups of the ligand are replaced by water molecules. The protonation states of all histidine residues in the protein are also revealed and correlate well with NMR observations. The structures give a solid starting point for molecular dynamics simulations and computational estimates of ligand binding affinity that will inform future drug design.

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organization
publishing date
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
volume
61
issue
10
pages
9 pages
publisher
American Chemical Society (ACS)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85046270369
ISSN
1520-4804
DOI
10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00081
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
088ba0f4-0497-4b3e-b62b-1a53bb0e4f54
date added to LUP
2018-10-07 13:58:29
date last changed
2019-02-03 05:35:21
@article{088ba0f4-0497-4b3e-b62b-1a53bb0e4f54,
  abstract     = {<p>The medically important drug target galectin-3 binds galactose-containing moieties on glycoproteins through an intricate pattern of hydrogen bonds to a largely polar surface-exposed binding site. All successful inhibitors of galectin-3 to date have been based on mono- or disaccharide cores closely resembling natural ligands. A detailed understanding of the H-bonding networks in these natural ligands will provide an improved foundation for the design of novel inhibitors. Neutron crystallography is an ideal technique to reveal the geometry of hydrogen bonds because the positions of hydrogen atoms are directly detected rather than being inferred from the positions of heavier atoms as in X-ray crystallography. We present three neutron crystal structures of the C-terminal carbohydrate recognition domain of galectin-3: the ligand-free form and the complexes with the natural substrate lactose and with glycerol, which mimics important interactions made by lactose. The neutron crystal structures reveal unambiguously the exquisite fine-tuning of the hydrogen bonding pattern in the binding site to the natural disaccharide ligand. The ligand-free structure shows that most of these hydrogen bonds are preserved even when the polar groups of the ligand are replaced by water molecules. The protonation states of all histidine residues in the protein are also revealed and correlate well with NMR observations. The structures give a solid starting point for molecular dynamics simulations and computational estimates of ligand binding affinity that will inform future drug design.</p>},
  author       = {Manzoni, Francesco and Wallerstein, Johan and Schrader, Tobias E and Ostermann, Andreas and Coates, Leighton and Akke, Mikael and Blakeley, Matthew P and Oksanen, Esko and Logan, Derek T},
  issn         = {1520-4804},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {4412--4420},
  publisher    = {American Chemical Society (ACS)},
  series       = {Journal of Medicinal Chemistry},
  title        = {Elucidation of Hydrogen Bonding Patterns in Ligand-Free, Lactose- and Glycerol-Bound Galectin-3C by Neutron Crystallography to Guide Drug Design},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.8b00081},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2018},
}