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Sub-adult Ravens Synchronize their Play : A Case of Emotional Contagion?

Osvath, Mathias LU and Sima, Miriam LU (2014) In Animal behavior and cognition 1(2). p.197-205
Abstract
Emotional contagion – the alignment of emotions between individuals through behavioral synchronization – is proposed as a key, basic component of human social cognition and empathy. In the field of cognitive zoology, contagious behaviors have also received attention. Several such behaviors have been documented in various species. Nevertheless, emotional and behavioral contagion differ. Emotional contagion – a term predominantly used in human psychology – requires that the contagious behavior leads to converging emotional states. In non-linguistic animals, it is difficult to determine whether a behavior “caught” from someone else results in a similar affective state or remains a purely behavioral response. Some studies suggest the latter as... (More)
Emotional contagion – the alignment of emotions between individuals through behavioral synchronization – is proposed as a key, basic component of human social cognition and empathy. In the field of cognitive zoology, contagious behaviors have also received attention. Several such behaviors have been documented in various species. Nevertheless, emotional and behavioral contagion differ. Emotional contagion – a term predominantly used in human psychology – requires that the contagious behavior leads to converging emotional states. In non-linguistic animals, it is difficult to determine whether a behavior “caught” from someone else results in a similar affective state or remains a purely behavioral response. Some studies suggest the latter as a possibility. To disentangle the problem, we explored instances of contagious behaviors within the play domain. In several species, play involves a variety of behaviors falling into different categories: social, object and locomotor play. If a category of play in one individual induces a different category of play in another, this suggests the spread of a generally playful mood rather than a species-specific motor response. Although some studies suggest emotional contagion in mammals, it is not known whether it occurs in birds. We investigated play contagion in a group of ravens, well known for their complex social skills. The results indicate emotional contagion: the birds engaged in all categories of play on a higher level under the condition where contagion was likely to occur. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Emotional contagion, Behavioral synchronization, Social cognition, Animal play, Empathy, Raven cognition
in
Animal behavior and cognition
volume
1
issue
2
pages
197 - 205
publisher
Sciknow Publications Ltd.
ISSN
2372-5052
DOI
10.12966/abc.05.09.2014
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0b7cb260-da51-4e62-976f-96f73cd17e49 (old id 4648080)
alternative location
http://abc.sciknow.org/archive_20140209.html
date added to LUP
2014-09-24 09:48:41
date last changed
2016-04-15 15:47:10
@article{0b7cb260-da51-4e62-976f-96f73cd17e49,
  abstract     = {Emotional contagion – the alignment of emotions between individuals through behavioral synchronization – is proposed as a key, basic component of human social cognition and empathy. In the field of cognitive zoology, contagious behaviors have also received attention. Several such behaviors have been documented in various species. Nevertheless, emotional and behavioral contagion differ. Emotional contagion – a term predominantly used in human psychology – requires that the contagious behavior leads to converging emotional states. In non-linguistic animals, it is difficult to determine whether a behavior “caught” from someone else results in a similar affective state or remains a purely behavioral response. Some studies suggest the latter as a possibility. To disentangle the problem, we explored instances of contagious behaviors within the play domain. In several species, play involves a variety of behaviors falling into different categories: social, object and locomotor play. If a category of play in one individual induces a different category of play in another, this suggests the spread of a generally playful mood rather than a species-specific motor response. Although some studies suggest emotional contagion in mammals, it is not known whether it occurs in birds. We investigated play contagion in a group of ravens, well known for their complex social skills. The results indicate emotional contagion: the birds engaged in all categories of play on a higher level under the condition where contagion was likely to occur.},
  author       = {Osvath, Mathias and Sima, Miriam},
  issn         = {2372-5052},
  keyword      = {Emotional contagion,Behavioral synchronization,Social cognition,Animal play,Empathy,Raven cognition},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {197--205},
  publisher    = {Sciknow Publications Ltd.},
  series       = {Animal behavior and cognition},
  title        = {Sub-adult Ravens Synchronize their Play : A Case of Emotional Contagion?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.12966/abc.05.09.2014},
  volume       = {1},
  year         = {2014},
}