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A century of trends in adult human height

Bentham, James; Di Cesare, Mariachiara; Stevens, Gretchen A.; Zhou, Bin; Bixby, Honor; Cowan, Melanie J.; Fortunato, Léa; Bennett, James E.; Danaei, Goodarz and Hajifathalian, Kaveh, et al. (2016) In eLife 5(2016JULY).
Abstract

Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average... (More)

Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.

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2016JULY
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2050-084X
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10.7554/eLife.13410.001
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@article{0ba6e243-cc83-47fb-a262-cc89001ff7c4,
  abstract     = {<p>Being taller is associated with enhanced longevity, and higher education and earnings. We reanalysed 1472 population-based studies, with measurement of height on more than 18.6 million participants to estimate mean height for people born between 1896 and 1996 in 200 countries. The largest gain in adult height over the past century has occurred in South Korean women and Iranian men, who became 20.2 cm (95% credible interval 17.5-22.7) and 16.5 cm (13.3- 19.7) taller, respectively. In contrast, there was little change in adult height in some sub-Saharan African countries and in South Asia over the century of analysis. The tallest people over these 100 years are men born in the Netherlands in the last quarter of 20th century, whose average heights surpassed 182.5 cm, and the shortest were women born in Guatemala in 1896 (140.3 cm; 135.8- 144.8). The height differential between the tallest and shortest populations was 19-20 cm a century ago, and has remained the same for women and increased for men a century later despite substantial changes in the ranking of countries.</p>},
  articleno    = {e13410},
  author       = {Bentham, James and Di Cesare, Mariachiara and Stevens, Gretchen A. and Zhou, Bin and Bixby, Honor and Cowan, Melanie J. and Fortunato, Léa and Bennett, James E. and Danaei, Goodarz and Hajifathalian, Kaveh and Lu, Yuan and Riley, Leanne M. and Laxmaiah, Avula and Kontis, Vasilis and Paciorek, Christopher J. and Ezzati, Majid and Abdeen, Ziad A. and Hamid, Zargar Abdul and Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. and Acosta-Cazares, Benjamin and Adams, Robert J and Aekplakorn, Wichai and Aguilar-Salinas, Carlos A. and Agyemang, Charles and Ahmadvand, Alireza and Ahrens, Wolfgang and Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M and Al-Othman, Amani Rashed and Al-Raddadi, Rajaa Mohammad Salem and Ali, Mohamed Khalid and Alkerwi, Ala’a and Alvarez-Pedrerol, Mar and Aly, Eman and Amouyel, Philippe and Amuzu, Antoinette and Andersen, Lars Bo and Anderssen, Sigmund A. and Anjana, Ranjit Mohan and Aounallah-Skhiri, Hajer and Ariansen, Inger and Aris, Tahir and Arlappa, Nimmathota and Arveiler, Dominique and Assah, Felix K. and Avdicová, Mária and Azizi, Fereidoun and Babu, Bontha V. and Bahijri, Suhad and Balakrishna, Nagalla and Bandosz, Piotr and Banegas, José R. and Barbagallo, Carlo M. and Barceló, Alberto and Barkat, Amina and Barros, Mauro V. and Bata, Iqbal and Batieha, Anwar M. and Batista, Rosangela L. and Baur, Louise A. and Beaglehole, Robert and Romdhane, Habiba Ben and Benet, Mikhail and Bernabe-Ortiz, Antonio and Bernotiene, Gailute and Bettiol, Heloisa and Bhagyalaxmi, Aroor and Bharadwaj, Sumit and Bhargava, Santosh K. and Bhatti, Zaid and Bhutta, Zulfiqar A. and Bi, Hongsheng and Bi, Yufang and Bjerregaard, Peter and Bjertness, Espen and Bjertness, Marius B. and Björkelund, Cecilia and Blokstra, Anneke and Bo, Simona and Bobak, Martin and Boddy, Lynne M. and Boehm, Bernhard O and Boeing, Heiner and Boissonnet, Carlos P. and Bongard, Vanina and Bovet, Pascal and Braeckman, Lutgart and Bragt, Marjolijn C E and Brajkovich, Imperia and Branca, Francesco and Breckenkamp, Juergen and Brenner, Hermann and Brewster, Lizzy M. and Brian, Garry R. and Bruno, Graziella and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. 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P. and Poulimeneas, Dimitrios and Pradeepa, Rajendra and Prashant, Mathur and Price, Jacqueline F. and Puiu, Maria and Punab, Margus and Qasrawi, Radwan F. and Qorbani, Mostafa and Bao, Tran Quoc and Radic, Ivana and Radisauskas, Ricardas and Rahman, Mah mudur and Raitakari, Olli and Raj, Manu and Rao, Sudha Ramachandra and Ramachandran, Ambady and Ramke, Jacqueline and Ramos, Rafel and Rampal, Sanjay and Rasmussen, Finn and Redon, Josep and Reganit, Paul Ferdinand M. and Ribeiro, Robespierre and Riboli, Elio and Rigo, Fernando and Rinke de Wit, Tobias F. and Ritti-Dias, Raphael M. and Rivera, Juan A. and Robinson, Sian M. and Robitaille, Cynthia and Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando and Del Cristo Rodriguez-Perez, María and Rodríguez-Villamizar, Laura A. and Rojas-Martinez, Rosalba and Rojroong-Wasinkul, Nipa and Romaguera, Dora and Ronkainen, Kimmo and Rosengren, Annika and Rouse, Ian and Rubinstein, Adolfo and Rühli, Frank J. and Rui, Ornelas and Ruiz-Betancourt, Blanca Sandra and Russo Horimoto, Andrea R V and Rutkowski, Marcin and Sabanayagam, Charumathi and Sachdev, Harshpal S. and Saidi, Olfa and Salanave, Benoit and Martinez, Eduardo Salazar and Salomaa, Veikko and Salonen, Jukka T and Salvetti, Massimo and Sánchez-Abanto, Jose and Sandjaja,  and Sans, Susana and Santos, Diana A. and Santos, Osvaldo and Dos Santos, Renata Nunes and Santos, Rute and Saramies, Jouko L. and Sardinha, Luis B. and Sarrafzadegan, Nizal and Saum, Kai-Uwe and Savva, Savvas C. and Scazufca, Marcia and Rosario, Angelika Schaffrath and Schargrodsky, Herman and Schienkiewitz, Anja and Schmidt, Ida Maria and Schneider, Ione J. and Schultsz, Constance and Schutte, Aletta E. and Sein, Aye Aye and Sen, Abhijit and Senbanjo, Idowu O. and Sepanlou, Sadaf G. and Shalnova, Svetlana A. and Sharma, Sanjib K. and Shaw, Jonathan E. and Shibuya, Kenji and Shin, Dong Wook and Shin, Youchan and Shiri, Rahman and Siantar, Rosalynn and Sibai, Abla M. and Martins-da-Silva, Antonio and Silva, Diego Augusto Santos and Simon, Mary and Simons, Judith and Simons, Leon A. and Sjostrom, Michael and Slowikowska-Hilczer, Jolanta and Slusarczyk, Przemyslaw and Smeeth, Liam and Smith, Margaret C. and Snijder, Marieke B. and So, Hung Kwan and Sobngwi, Eugène and Söderberg, Stefan and Soekatri, Moesijanti Y E and Solfrizzi, Vincenzo and Sonestedt, Emily and Song, Yi and Sørensen, Thorkild I A and Soric, Maroje and Jérome, Charles Sossa and Soumare, Aicha and Staessen, Jan A. and Starc, Gregor and Stathopoulou, Maria G. and Staub, Kaspar and Stavreski, Bill and Steene-Johannessen, Jostein and Stehle, Peter and Stein, Aryeh D. and Stergiou, George S. and Stessman, Jochanan and Stieber, Jutta and Stöckl, Doris and Stocks, Tanja and Stokwiszewski, Jakub and Stratton, Gareth and Stronks, Karien and Strufaldi, Maria Wany and Sun, Chien-An and Sundström, Johan and Sung, Yn Tz and Sunyer, Jordi and Suriyawongpaisal, Paibul and Swinburn, Boyd A. and Sy, Rody G. and Szponar, Lucjan and Shyong Tai, E and Tammesoo, Mari-Liis and Tamosiunas, Abdonas and Tang, Line and Tang, Xun and Tanser, Frank and Tao, Yong and Tarawneh, Mohammed Rasoul and Tarp, Jakob and Tarqui-Mamani, Carolina B. and Taylor, Anne and Tchibindat, Félicité and Theobald, Holger and Thijs, Lutgarde and Thuesen, Betina H. and Tjonneland, Anne and Tolonen, Hanna K. and Tolstrup, Janne S and Topbas, Murat and Topór-Madry, Roman and Torrent, Maties and Toselli, Stefania and Traissac, Pierre and Trichopoulou, Antonia and Trichopoulos, Dimitrios and Trinh, Oanh T. H. and Trivedi, Atul and Tshepo, Lechaba and Tulloch-Reid, Marshall K. and Tuomainen, Tomi-Pekka and Tuomilehto, Jaakko and Turley, Maria L. and Tynelius, Per and Tzotzas, Themistoklis and Tzourio, Christophe and Ueda, Peter and Ukoli, Flora A M and Ulmer, Hanno and Unal, Belgin and Uusitalo, Hannu M T and Valdivia, Gonzalo and Vale, Susana and Valvi, Damaskini and van der Schouw, Yvonne T. and Van Herck, Koen and Van Minh, Hoang and Van Rossem, Lenie and Van Valkengoed, Irene G. M. and Vanderschueren, Dirk and Vanuzzo, Diego and Vatten, Lars Johan and Vega, Tomas and Velasquez-Melendez, Gustavo and Veronesi, Giovanni and Monique Verschuren, W M and Verstraeten, Roosmarijn and Victora, Cesar G. and Viegi, Giovanni and Viet, Lucie and Viikari-Juntura, Eira and Vineis, Paolo and Vioque, Jesus and Virtanen, Jyrki K. and Visvikis-Siest, Sophie and Viswanathan, Bharathi and Vollenweider, Peter and Voutilainen, Sari and Vrdoljak, Ana and Vrijheid, Martine and Wade, Alisha N. and Wagner, Aline and Walton, Janette and Mohamud, Wan Nazaimoon Wan and Wang, Ming-Dong and Wang, Qian and Wang, Ya Xing and Goya Wannamethee, S. and Wareham, Nicholas and Weerasekera, Deepa and Whincup, Peter H and Widhalm, Kurt and Widyahening, Indah S. and Wiecek, Andrzej and Wijga, Alet H. and Wilks, Rainford J. and Willeit, Johann and Wilsgaard, Tom and Wojtyniak, Bogdan and Wong, Jyh Eiin and Wong, Tien Yin and Woo, Jean and Woodward, Mark and Wu, Frederick C. and Wu, Jianfeng and Wu, Shou Ling and Xu, Haiquan and Xu, Liang and Yamborisut, Uruwan and Yan, Weili and Yang, Xiaoguang and Yardim, Nazan and Ye, Xingwang and Yiallouros, Panayiotis K. and Yoshihara, Akihiro and You, Qi Sheng and Younger-Coleman, Novie O. and Yusoff, Ahmad F. and Zainuddin, Ahmad A. and Zambon, Sabina and Zdrojewski, Tomasz and Zeng, Yi and Zhao, Dong and Zhao, Wenhua and Zheng, Yingfeng and Zhou, Maigeng and Zhu, Dan and Zimmermann, Esther and Cisneros, Julio Zuñiga and , },
  issn         = {2050-084X},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {2016JULY},
  publisher    = {eLife Sciences Publications LTD.},
  series       = {eLife},
  title        = {A century of trends in adult human height},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife.13410.001},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2016},
}