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Explaining gender-typed educational choice in adolescence : The role of social identity, self-concept, goals, grades, and interests

Sinclair, Samantha LU ; Nilsson, Artur LU and Cederskär, Elmedina (2019) In Journal of Vocational Behavior 110. p.54-71
Abstract

In most industrialized countries, there are substantial gender differences in field of study, resulting in gender segregated labor markets. The present research (N = 457, M age = 14.98) investigated a diverse range of predictors of Swedish adolescents’ choice of preparatory (STEM; humanistic) and terminal (e.g., electrician; health care) programs. The results revealed that social identity related variables (same-gender friendship networks, belonging, and adherence to gender stereotypes) mattered primarily for choice of gender-typed terminal programs, whereas academic self-concept and grades positively predicted selecting STEM and negatively predicted choice of gender-typed terminal programs for both girls and boys.... (More)

In most industrialized countries, there are substantial gender differences in field of study, resulting in gender segregated labor markets. The present research (N = 457, M age = 14.98) investigated a diverse range of predictors of Swedish adolescents’ choice of preparatory (STEM; humanistic) and terminal (e.g., electrician; health care) programs. The results revealed that social identity related variables (same-gender friendship networks, belonging, and adherence to gender stereotypes) mattered primarily for choice of gender-typed terminal programs, whereas academic self-concept and grades positively predicted selecting STEM and negatively predicted choice of gender-typed terminal programs for both girls and boys. Subject-specific interests were the most powerful and robust predictors overall and mediated the effects of academic self-concept and to a lesser extent social identity variables. The results illuminate the interaction between perceived barriers, opportunities, and interests in determining educational choice, the need to consider gender-typical choice for high-skilled and low-skilled career paths separately, and the importance of jointly considering a multitude of predictors that are typically studied in different fields.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Academic self-concept, Educational choice, Gender, Interests, Social identity, STEM
in
Journal of Vocational Behavior
volume
110
pages
18 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85057100355
ISSN
0001-8791
DOI
10.1016/j.jvb.2018.11.007
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0efe2790-1b12-4f01-a8ac-73367f73e635
date added to LUP
2018-12-03 09:00:58
date last changed
2019-01-06 14:18:06
@article{0efe2790-1b12-4f01-a8ac-73367f73e635,
  abstract     = {<p>In most industrialized countries, there are substantial gender differences in field of study, resulting in gender segregated labor markets. The present research (N = 457, <sup>M</sup> age = 14.98) investigated a diverse range of predictors of Swedish adolescents’ choice of preparatory (STEM; humanistic) and terminal (e.g., electrician; health care) programs. The results revealed that social identity related variables (same-gender friendship networks, belonging, and adherence to gender stereotypes) mattered primarily for choice of gender-typed terminal programs, whereas academic self-concept and grades positively predicted selecting STEM and negatively predicted choice of gender-typed terminal programs for both girls and boys. Subject-specific interests were the most powerful and robust predictors overall and mediated the effects of academic self-concept and to a lesser extent social identity variables. The results illuminate the interaction between perceived barriers, opportunities, and interests in determining educational choice, the need to consider gender-typical choice for high-skilled and low-skilled career paths separately, and the importance of jointly considering a multitude of predictors that are typically studied in different fields.</p>},
  author       = {Sinclair, Samantha and Nilsson, Artur and Cederskär, Elmedina},
  issn         = {0001-8791},
  keyword      = {Academic self-concept,Educational choice,Gender,Interests,Social identity,STEM},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {54--71},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Vocational Behavior},
  title        = {Explaining gender-typed educational choice in adolescence : The role of social identity, self-concept, goals, grades, and interests},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvb.2018.11.007},
  volume       = {110},
  year         = {2019},
}