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Putative Role of Nuclear Factor-Kappa B But Not Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α in Hypoxia-Dependent Regulation of Oxidative Stress in Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells

Halvarsson, Camilla ; Rörby, Emma LU ; Eliasson, Pernilla ; Lang, Stefan LU ; Soneji, Shamit LU and Jönsson, Jan Ingvar LU (2019) In Antioxidants and Redox Signaling 31(3). p.211-226
Abstract

Aims: Adaptation to low oxygen of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow has been demonstrated to depend on the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α as well as the limited production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we aimed at determining whether HIF-1α is involved in protecting HSCs from ROS. Results: Oxidative stress was induced by DL-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO)-treatment, which increases the mitochondrial ROS level. Hypoxia rescued Lineage-Sca-1+c-kit+ (LSK) cells from BSO-induced apoptosis, whereas cells succumbed to apoptosis in normoxia. Apoptosis in normoxia was inhibited with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine or by overexpression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2.... (More)

Aims: Adaptation to low oxygen of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow has been demonstrated to depend on the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α as well as the limited production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we aimed at determining whether HIF-1α is involved in protecting HSCs from ROS. Results: Oxidative stress was induced by DL-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO)-treatment, which increases the mitochondrial ROS level. Hypoxia rescued Lineage-Sca-1+c-kit+ (LSK) cells from BSO-induced apoptosis, whereas cells succumbed to apoptosis in normoxia. Apoptosis in normoxia was inhibited with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine or by overexpression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2. Moreover, stabilized expression of oxygen-insensitive HIFs could not protect LSK cells from oxidative stress-induced apoptosis at normoxia, neither could short hairpin RNA to Hif-1α inhibit the protective effects by hypoxia in LSK cells. Likewise, BSO treatment of LSK cells from Hif-1α knockout mice did not suppress the effects seen in hypoxia. Microarray analysis identified the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway as a pathway induced by hypoxia. By using NF-κB lentiviral construct and DNA-binding assay, we found increased NF-κB activity in cells cultured in hypoxia compared with normoxia. Using an inhibitor against NF-κB activation, we could confirm the involvement of NF-κB signaling as BSO-mediated cell death was significantly increased in hypoxia after adding the inhibitor. Innovation: HIF-1α is not involved in protecting HSCs and progenitors to elevated levels of ROS on glutathione depletion during hypoxic conditions. Conclusion: The study proposes a putative role of NF-κB signaling as a hypoxia-induced regulator in early hematopoietic cells.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
glutathione, hematopoiesis, hypoxia, mitochondria, NF-κB, oxidative stress
in
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling
volume
31
issue
3
pages
16 pages
publisher
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:85067992922
  • pmid:30827134
ISSN
1523-0864
DOI
10.1089/ars.2018.7551
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0f244353-d835-40ca-b5e2-5189c925cbf1
date added to LUP
2019-07-09 10:41:21
date last changed
2019-07-30 05:06:38
@article{0f244353-d835-40ca-b5e2-5189c925cbf1,
  abstract     = {<p>Aims: Adaptation to low oxygen of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the bone marrow has been demonstrated to depend on the activation of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α as well as the limited production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we aimed at determining whether HIF-1α is involved in protecting HSCs from ROS. Results: Oxidative stress was induced by DL-buthionine-(S,R)-sulfoximine (BSO)-treatment, which increases the mitochondrial ROS level. Hypoxia rescued Lineage-Sca-1<sup>+</sup>c-kit<sup>+</sup> (LSK) cells from BSO-induced apoptosis, whereas cells succumbed to apoptosis in normoxia. Apoptosis in normoxia was inhibited with the antioxidant N-acetyl-L-cysteine or by overexpression of anti-apoptotic BCL-2. Moreover, stabilized expression of oxygen-insensitive HIFs could not protect LSK cells from oxidative stress-induced apoptosis at normoxia, neither could short hairpin RNA to Hif-1α inhibit the protective effects by hypoxia in LSK cells. Likewise, BSO treatment of LSK cells from Hif-1α knockout mice did not suppress the effects seen in hypoxia. Microarray analysis identified the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway as a pathway induced by hypoxia. By using NF-κB lentiviral construct and DNA-binding assay, we found increased NF-κB activity in cells cultured in hypoxia compared with normoxia. Using an inhibitor against NF-κB activation, we could confirm the involvement of NF-κB signaling as BSO-mediated cell death was significantly increased in hypoxia after adding the inhibitor. Innovation: HIF-1α is not involved in protecting HSCs and progenitors to elevated levels of ROS on glutathione depletion during hypoxic conditions. Conclusion: The study proposes a putative role of NF-κB signaling as a hypoxia-induced regulator in early hematopoietic cells.</p>},
  author       = {Halvarsson, Camilla and Rörby, Emma and Eliasson, Pernilla and Lang, Stefan and Soneji, Shamit and Jönsson, Jan Ingvar},
  issn         = {1523-0864},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {211--226},
  publisher    = {Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.},
  series       = {Antioxidants and Redox Signaling},
  title        = {Putative Role of Nuclear Factor-Kappa B But Not Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α in Hypoxia-Dependent Regulation of Oxidative Stress in Hematopoietic Stem and Progenitor Cells},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ars.2018.7551},
  doi          = {10.1089/ars.2018.7551},
  volume       = {31},
  year         = {2019},
}