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Antisocial personality disorder as a predictor of criminal behaviour in a longitudinal study of a cohort of abusers of several classes of drugs: Relation to type of substance and type of crime.

Fridell, Mats LU ; Hesse, Morten; Jæger, Mads Meier and Kühlhorn, Eckart (2008) In Addictive Behaviors 33. p.799-811
Abstract
Mixed findings have been made with regard to the long-term predictive validity of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on criminal behaviour in samples of substance abusers. A longitudinal record-linkage study of a cohort of 1052 drug abusers admitted 1977-1995 was undertaken. Subjects were recruited from a detoxification and short-term rehabilitation unit in Lund, Sweden, and followed through criminal justice registers from their first treatment episode to death or to the year 2004. In a ML multinomial random effects regression, subjects diagnosed with antisocial personality disorders were 2.16 times more likely to be charged with theft only (p<0.001), and 2.44 times more likely to be charged committing multiple types of crime during... (More)
Mixed findings have been made with regard to the long-term predictive validity of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on criminal behaviour in samples of substance abusers. A longitudinal record-linkage study of a cohort of 1052 drug abusers admitted 1977-1995 was undertaken. Subjects were recruited from a detoxification and short-term rehabilitation unit in Lund, Sweden, and followed through criminal justice registers from their first treatment episode to death or to the year 2004. In a ML multinomial random effects regression, subjects diagnosed with antisocial personality disorders were 2.16 times more likely to be charged with theft only (p<0.001), and 2.44 times more likely to be charged committing multiple types of crime during an observation year (p<0.001). The findings of the current study support the predictive validity of the DSM-III-R diagnosis of ASPD. ASPD should be taken seriously in drug abusers, and be targeted in treatment to prevent crime in society. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Addictive Behaviors
volume
33
pages
799 - 811
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:18258375
  • wos:000255619300005
  • scopus:41249096990
ISSN
0306-4603
DOI
10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.01.001
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f2904b85-0864-4702-ad81-956650520d2d (old id 1042145)
date added to LUP
2008-03-11 10:52:14
date last changed
2017-09-10 04:17:08
@article{f2904b85-0864-4702-ad81-956650520d2d,
  abstract     = {Mixed findings have been made with regard to the long-term predictive validity of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) on criminal behaviour in samples of substance abusers. A longitudinal record-linkage study of a cohort of 1052 drug abusers admitted 1977-1995 was undertaken. Subjects were recruited from a detoxification and short-term rehabilitation unit in Lund, Sweden, and followed through criminal justice registers from their first treatment episode to death or to the year 2004. In a ML multinomial random effects regression, subjects diagnosed with antisocial personality disorders were 2.16 times more likely to be charged with theft only (p&lt;0.001), and 2.44 times more likely to be charged committing multiple types of crime during an observation year (p&lt;0.001). The findings of the current study support the predictive validity of the DSM-III-R diagnosis of ASPD. ASPD should be taken seriously in drug abusers, and be targeted in treatment to prevent crime in society.},
  author       = {Fridell, Mats and Hesse, Morten and Jæger, Mads Meier and Kühlhorn, Eckart},
  issn         = {0306-4603},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {799--811},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Addictive Behaviors},
  title        = {Antisocial personality disorder as a predictor of criminal behaviour in a longitudinal study of a cohort of abusers of several classes of drugs: Relation to type of substance and type of crime.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2008.01.001},
  volume       = {33},
  year         = {2008},
}