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Personality, mental distress, and risk perception in subjects with multiple chemical sensitivity and toxic encephalopathy.

Österberg, Kai LU ; Karlson, Björn LU and Örbaek, Palle LU (2002) In Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 43(2). p.169-175
Abstract
Personality, mental distress, and risk perception were assessed in (a) cases of multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS; n = 17), (b) chemically intolerant toxic encephalopathy cases (TE), type 2A (n = 31) and 2B (n = 26), and (c) healthy referents (n = 200). MCS cases showed elevated mental distress scores on the Depression, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Global Severity Index, and Somatization scales in the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). In the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) the MCS group showed an elevation only on the Psychasthenia scale. Both TE groups showed elevations across the KSP anxiety scales Muscular Tension, Psychasthenia, and Somatic Anxiety. TE type 2B subjects also showed elevations on the Irritability and Indirect... (More)
Personality, mental distress, and risk perception were assessed in (a) cases of multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS; n = 17), (b) chemically intolerant toxic encephalopathy cases (TE), type 2A (n = 31) and 2B (n = 26), and (c) healthy referents (n = 200). MCS cases showed elevated mental distress scores on the Depression, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Global Severity Index, and Somatization scales in the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). In the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) the MCS group showed an elevation only on the Psychasthenia scale. Both TE groups showed elevations across the KSP anxiety scales Muscular Tension, Psychasthenia, and Somatic Anxiety. TE type 2B subjects also showed elevations on the Irritability and Indirect Aggression scales. However, neither MCS nor TE groups showed deviating personality characteristics in the Meta Contrast Technique test. Similarly, none of the groups deviated from referents in a risk perception inventory. (Less)
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published
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keywords
Neurotoxicity Syndromes : psychology, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity : psychology, Middle Age, Mental Disorders : psychology, Male, Human, Female, Analysis of Variance, Adult, Personality : physiology, Personality Assessment, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index, Sex Factors, Perception : physiology
in
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
volume
43
issue
2
pages
169 - 175
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • wos:000175114700011
  • pmid:12004955
  • scopus:0036548925
ISSN
1467-9450
DOI
10.1111/1467-9450.00283
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
30ea6be2-c449-479d-9f9d-20d9380e24f3 (old id 108144)
alternative location
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov:80/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=12004955&dopt=Abstract
date added to LUP
2007-07-12 10:30:52
date last changed
2017-03-12 04:02:59
@article{30ea6be2-c449-479d-9f9d-20d9380e24f3,
  abstract     = {Personality, mental distress, and risk perception were assessed in (a) cases of multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS; n = 17), (b) chemically intolerant toxic encephalopathy cases (TE), type 2A (n = 31) and 2B (n = 26), and (c) healthy referents (n = 200). MCS cases showed elevated mental distress scores on the Depression, Interpersonal Sensitivity, Global Severity Index, and Somatization scales in the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). In the Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP) the MCS group showed an elevation only on the Psychasthenia scale. Both TE groups showed elevations across the KSP anxiety scales Muscular Tension, Psychasthenia, and Somatic Anxiety. TE type 2B subjects also showed elevations on the Irritability and Indirect Aggression scales. However, neither MCS nor TE groups showed deviating personality characteristics in the Meta Contrast Technique test. Similarly, none of the groups deviated from referents in a risk perception inventory.},
  author       = {Österberg, Kai and Karlson, Björn and Örbaek, Palle},
  issn         = {1467-9450},
  keyword      = {Neurotoxicity Syndromes : psychology,Multiple Chemical Sensitivity : psychology,Middle Age,Mental Disorders : psychology,Male,Human,Female,Analysis of Variance,Adult,Personality : physiology,Personality Assessment,Psychiatric Status Rating Scales,Risk Factors,Severity of Illness Index,Sex Factors,Perception : physiology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {169--175},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Psychology},
  title        = {Personality, mental distress, and risk perception in subjects with multiple chemical sensitivity and toxic encephalopathy.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-9450.00283},
  volume       = {43},
  year         = {2002},
}