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Nineteen Victims of Homicide and Attempted Homicide in Sweden—Their Injuries, Cause of Death, and Offender Relationship

Khoshnood, Ardavan LU ; Väfors-Fritz, Marie and Ekelund, Ulf LU (2017) In American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology 38(3). p.241-248
Abstract

ABSTRACT: Victims of homicide and attempted homicide are not uncommon in Sweden. We therefore aimed to study these victims to understand their injuries, their cause of death, and their relationship to the offender. All cases during five years in a district court in Sweden, where an offender had been convicted for homicide or attempted homicide, were identified and the court documents reviewed. Nineteen victims were identified; 14 males and five females, with an average age of 39.1 years. Although knife/sharp weapon was the most common weapon used, the use of firearm caused more deaths. Our study shows higher rates of firearm use than many other countries. The most common anatomical site to be injured by knife/sharp weapon and firearm... (More)

ABSTRACT: Victims of homicide and attempted homicide are not uncommon in Sweden. We therefore aimed to study these victims to understand their injuries, their cause of death, and their relationship to the offender. All cases during five years in a district court in Sweden, where an offender had been convicted for homicide or attempted homicide, were identified and the court documents reviewed. Nineteen victims were identified; 14 males and five females, with an average age of 39.1 years. Although knife/sharp weapon was the most common weapon used, the use of firearm caused more deaths. Our study shows higher rates of firearm use than many other countries. The most common anatomical site to be injured by knife/sharp weapon and firearm was the thorax followed by the head. The most common cause of death was hypovolemia, followed by intracranial injuries. The high rate of firearm use shows that firearms are common modus operandi in Sweden often causing lethal injuries, if the offender intends to kill the victim. Our results support other studies showing that it is foremost injuries to the vessels, intracranial injuries, and injuries to intrathoracic organs, which causes a victimʼs death when assaulted with knife/sharp weapon or firearm.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
volume
38
issue
3
pages
8 pages
publisher
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
external identifiers
  • scopus:85021891912
  • wos:000407694700013
ISSN
0195-7910
DOI
10.1097/PAF.0000000000000325
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
108da46e-2e7d-491d-bf9c-553cc1728530
date added to LUP
2017-07-26 14:00:36
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:13:13
@article{108da46e-2e7d-491d-bf9c-553cc1728530,
  abstract     = {<p>ABSTRACT: Victims of homicide and attempted homicide are not uncommon in Sweden. We therefore aimed to study these victims to understand their injuries, their cause of death, and their relationship to the offender. All cases during five years in a district court in Sweden, where an offender had been convicted for homicide or attempted homicide, were identified and the court documents reviewed. Nineteen victims were identified; 14 males and five females, with an average age of 39.1 years. Although knife/sharp weapon was the most common weapon used, the use of firearm caused more deaths. Our study shows higher rates of firearm use than many other countries. The most common anatomical site to be injured by knife/sharp weapon and firearm was the thorax followed by the head. The most common cause of death was hypovolemia, followed by intracranial injuries. The high rate of firearm use shows that firearms are common modus operandi in Sweden often causing lethal injuries, if the offender intends to kill the victim. Our results support other studies showing that it is foremost injuries to the vessels, intracranial injuries, and injuries to intrathoracic organs, which causes a victimʼs death when assaulted with knife/sharp weapon or firearm.</p>},
  author       = {Khoshnood, Ardavan and Väfors-Fritz, Marie and Ekelund, Ulf},
  issn         = {0195-7910},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {241--248},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams and Wilkins},
  series       = {American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology},
  title        = {Nineteen Victims of Homicide and Attempted Homicide in Sweden—Their Injuries, Cause of Death, and Offender Relationship},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000325},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2017},
}