Advanced

No evidence for self-recognition in a small passerine, the great tit (Parus major) judged from the mark/mirror test

Kraft, Fanny Linn; Forštová, Tereza; Urhan, Utku LU ; Exnerová, Alice and Brodin, Anders LU (2017) In Animal Cognition p.1-9
Abstract

Self-recognition is a trait presumed to be associated with high levels of cognition and something previously considered to be exclusive to humans and possibly apes. The most common test of self-recognition is the mark/mirror test of whether an animal can understand that it sees its own reflection in a mirror. The usual design is that an animal is marked with a colour spot somewhere on the body where the spot can only be seen by the animal by using a mirror. Very few species have passed this test, and among birds, only magpies have been affirmatively demonstrated to pass it. In this study, we tested great tits (Parus major), small passerines, that are known for their innovative foraging skills and good problem-solving abilities, in the... (More)

Self-recognition is a trait presumed to be associated with high levels of cognition and something previously considered to be exclusive to humans and possibly apes. The most common test of self-recognition is the mark/mirror test of whether an animal can understand that it sees its own reflection in a mirror. The usual design is that an animal is marked with a colour spot somewhere on the body where the spot can only be seen by the animal by using a mirror. Very few species have passed this test, and among birds, only magpies have been affirmatively demonstrated to pass it. In this study, we tested great tits (Parus major), small passerines, that are known for their innovative foraging skills and good problem-solving abilities, in the mirror self-recognition test. We found no indication that they have any ability of this kind and believe that they are unlikely to be capable of this type of self-recognition.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Colour mark, Great tit, Mirror test, Parus major, Self-recognition
in
Animal Cognition
pages
9 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85026548277
ISSN
1435-9448
DOI
10.1007/s10071-017-1121-7
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
1093a1d5-a8e0-42a0-908e-647cce1df478
date added to LUP
2017-08-31 10:50:57
date last changed
2017-09-01 03:00:13
@article{1093a1d5-a8e0-42a0-908e-647cce1df478,
  abstract     = {<p>Self-recognition is a trait presumed to be associated with high levels of cognition and something previously considered to be exclusive to humans and possibly apes. The most common test of self-recognition is the mark/mirror test of whether an animal can understand that it sees its own reflection in a mirror. The usual design is that an animal is marked with a colour spot somewhere on the body where the spot can only be seen by the animal by using a mirror. Very few species have passed this test, and among birds, only magpies have been affirmatively demonstrated to pass it. In this study, we tested great tits (Parus major), small passerines, that are known for their innovative foraging skills and good problem-solving abilities, in the mirror self-recognition test. We found no indication that they have any ability of this kind and believe that they are unlikely to be capable of this type of self-recognition.</p>},
  author       = {Kraft, Fanny Linn and Forštová, Tereza and Urhan, Utku and Exnerová, Alice and Brodin, Anders},
  issn         = {1435-9448},
  keyword      = {Colour mark,Great tit,Mirror test,Parus major,Self-recognition},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  pages        = {1--9},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Animal Cognition},
  title        = {No evidence for self-recognition in a small passerine, the great tit (Parus major) judged from the mark/mirror test},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10071-017-1121-7},
  year         = {2017},
}