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Eating difficulties in relation to gender, length of stay, and discharge to institutional care, among patients in stroke rehabilitation.

Westergren, Albert LU ; Ohlsson, O and Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill LU (2002) In Disability and Rehabilitation 24(10). p.523-533
Abstract
PURPOSE: To describe and compare eating difficulties from admission to discharge, with regard to length of stay (LOS) and discharge to institutional care, as well as in relation to gender. METHOD: Patients, aged 65 or above, admitted for stroke rehabilitation, having at least one eating difficulty were observed (n =108) as regards to eating on admission and at discharge. Analysis followed earlier findings in which eating difficulties had been found to have three components, i.e. ingestion, deglutition and energy. RESULTS: Of the components, ingestion difficulties were the most common, followed by low energy. The most common single difficulties were low food consumption, difficulties in manipulating food on the plate and transporting it to... (More)
PURPOSE: To describe and compare eating difficulties from admission to discharge, with regard to length of stay (LOS) and discharge to institutional care, as well as in relation to gender. METHOD: Patients, aged 65 or above, admitted for stroke rehabilitation, having at least one eating difficulty were observed (n =108) as regards to eating on admission and at discharge. Analysis followed earlier findings in which eating difficulties had been found to have three components, i.e. ingestion, deglutition and energy. RESULTS: Of the components, ingestion difficulties were the most common, followed by low energy. The most common single difficulties were low food consumption, difficulties in manipulating food on the plate and transporting it to the mouth. Ingestion difficulties especially decreased during the rehabilitation period. Women were older and ate less on admission and at discharge than men, improved less than men, and also a higher proportion had a low food intake at the time of discharge if having longer LOS and/or being discharged to institutional care. Patients with longer LOS and those discharged to institutional care had more eating difficulties on admission and were more dependent in activities of daily living (ADL) than those with shorter LOS and those who returned home. LOS was mainly explained by ingestion difficulties on admission and low age. Discharge to institutional care was explained by living alone before admission, ingestion difficulties at discharge, male gender and high age. CONCLUSIONS: Ingestion difficulties on admission indicate a longer in-hospital stay and decrease to a greater extent than other types of eating difficulties. If these difficulties persist at the time of discharge the patients are more likely to need institutional care. It is important to assess and take systematic measures for each of the three variants of eating difficulties, i.e. ingestion, deglutition, and energy, to improve eating abilities. Women in particular need attention with regard to low food intake. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Disability and Rehabilitation
volume
24
issue
10
pages
523 - 533
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • pmid:12171642
  • wos:000176753900003
  • scopus:0037055051
ISSN
0963-8288
DOI
10.1080/09638280110113430
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
37c7512d-bd85-489c-ab3f-eaa9d29c2035 (old id 109880)
date added to LUP
2007-07-24 08:37:09
date last changed
2017-07-09 03:44:43
@article{37c7512d-bd85-489c-ab3f-eaa9d29c2035,
  abstract     = {PURPOSE: To describe and compare eating difficulties from admission to discharge, with regard to length of stay (LOS) and discharge to institutional care, as well as in relation to gender. METHOD: Patients, aged 65 or above, admitted for stroke rehabilitation, having at least one eating difficulty were observed (n =108) as regards to eating on admission and at discharge. Analysis followed earlier findings in which eating difficulties had been found to have three components, i.e. ingestion, deglutition and energy. RESULTS: Of the components, ingestion difficulties were the most common, followed by low energy. The most common single difficulties were low food consumption, difficulties in manipulating food on the plate and transporting it to the mouth. Ingestion difficulties especially decreased during the rehabilitation period. Women were older and ate less on admission and at discharge than men, improved less than men, and also a higher proportion had a low food intake at the time of discharge if having longer LOS and/or being discharged to institutional care. Patients with longer LOS and those discharged to institutional care had more eating difficulties on admission and were more dependent in activities of daily living (ADL) than those with shorter LOS and those who returned home. LOS was mainly explained by ingestion difficulties on admission and low age. Discharge to institutional care was explained by living alone before admission, ingestion difficulties at discharge, male gender and high age. CONCLUSIONS: Ingestion difficulties on admission indicate a longer in-hospital stay and decrease to a greater extent than other types of eating difficulties. If these difficulties persist at the time of discharge the patients are more likely to need institutional care. It is important to assess and take systematic measures for each of the three variants of eating difficulties, i.e. ingestion, deglutition, and energy, to improve eating abilities. Women in particular need attention with regard to low food intake.},
  author       = {Westergren, Albert and Ohlsson, O and Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill},
  issn         = {0963-8288},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {523--533},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Disability and Rehabilitation},
  title        = {Eating difficulties in relation to gender, length of stay, and discharge to institutional care, among patients in stroke rehabilitation.},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638280110113430},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2002},
}