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Optimized density gradient separation of leukocyte fractions from whole blood by adjustment of osmolarity

Braide, M and Bjursten, Lars Magnus LU (1986) In Journal of Immunological Methods 93(2). p.183-191
Abstract
Some of the compounds used for density gradient separation of blood cells have high osmolarities at the concentrations needed to create the required specific densities. Several mixed media use a combination of hyperosmolar shrinkage and red cell aggregation to improve cell separation. Due to the characteristics of Percoll density gradient medium the density and osmolarity of the gradient can be controlled separately. In the present study, Percoll gradients were used to determine the buoyant densities of different human blood cells at the osmolarities 300 mosM, 350 mosM and 400 mosM. Cell volumes were measured at the same osmolarities using a Coulter counter with channelyzer. As expected, the cell buoyant densities increased and the cell... (More)
Some of the compounds used for density gradient separation of blood cells have high osmolarities at the concentrations needed to create the required specific densities. Several mixed media use a combination of hyperosmolar shrinkage and red cell aggregation to improve cell separation. Due to the characteristics of Percoll density gradient medium the density and osmolarity of the gradient can be controlled separately. In the present study, Percoll gradients were used to determine the buoyant densities of different human blood cells at the osmolarities 300 mosM, 350 mosM and 400 mosM. Cell volumes were measured at the same osmolarities using a Coulter counter with channelyzer. As expected, the cell buoyant densities increased and the cell volumes decreased at the higher osmolarities used. There were, however, quantitative differences between the cells with respect to the effects of an increased osmolarity, making a 350 mosM density gradient the most effective in separating mononuclear leukocytes from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. A 400 mosM gradient offered the best possibilities to separate red blood cells from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. A one-step centrifugation procedure, based on these principles, is presented. This procedure makes possible the simultaneous purification of mononuclear leukocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, suitable for functional assays. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Density gradient, PVP silica, Buoyant density, Leukocyte separation, Osmolarity
in
Journal of Immunological Methods
volume
93
issue
2
pages
183 - 191
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:3772111
  • scopus:0022968624
ISSN
1872-7905
DOI
10.1016/0022-1759(86)90187-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d92f652b-083e-4365-b3cf-ae9eb315a2aa (old id 1103501)
date added to LUP
2008-08-11 08:35:11
date last changed
2017-07-30 04:26:00
@article{d92f652b-083e-4365-b3cf-ae9eb315a2aa,
  abstract     = {Some of the compounds used for density gradient separation of blood cells have high osmolarities at the concentrations needed to create the required specific densities. Several mixed media use a combination of hyperosmolar shrinkage and red cell aggregation to improve cell separation. Due to the characteristics of Percoll density gradient medium the density and osmolarity of the gradient can be controlled separately. In the present study, Percoll gradients were used to determine the buoyant densities of different human blood cells at the osmolarities 300 mosM, 350 mosM and 400 mosM. Cell volumes were measured at the same osmolarities using a Coulter counter with channelyzer. As expected, the cell buoyant densities increased and the cell volumes decreased at the higher osmolarities used. There were, however, quantitative differences between the cells with respect to the effects of an increased osmolarity, making a 350 mosM density gradient the most effective in separating mononuclear leukocytes from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. A 400 mosM gradient offered the best possibilities to separate red blood cells from polymorphonuclear leukocytes. A one-step centrifugation procedure, based on these principles, is presented. This procedure makes possible the simultaneous purification of mononuclear leukocytes and polymorphonuclear leukocytes, suitable for functional assays.},
  author       = {Braide, M and Bjursten, Lars Magnus},
  issn         = {1872-7905},
  keyword      = {Density gradient,PVP silica,Buoyant density,Leukocyte separation,Osmolarity},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {183--191},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Immunological Methods},
  title        = {Optimized density gradient separation of leukocyte fractions from whole blood by adjustment of osmolarity},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-1759(86)90187-0},
  volume       = {93},
  year         = {1986},
}