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VIP potentiates cholinergic effects on the mucociliary system in the maxillary sinus

Lindberg, Sven LU ; Cervin, Anders LU ; Mercke, Ulf LU and Uddman, Rolf LU (1988) In Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery 99(4). p.401-407
Abstract
The neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), which is found in a population of cholinergic parasympathetic neurons in the airways, has no effects per se on mucociliary activity. In order to test the hypothesis that VIP may modulate cholinergic regulation of the mucociliary system, VIP was infused intraarterially (8.4 pmol/kg/min), and the response to challenges with methacholine in the maxillary sinus of rabbits were recorded with a photoelectric technique. Occurrence of VIP-like immunoreactivity in the rabbit maxillary sinus, maxillary nerve, and sphenopalatine ganglion was investigated. Immunoreactivity against VIP was found in nerve fibers in the subepithelial layer of the maxillary sinus and in numerous nerve cell bodies... (More)
The neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), which is found in a population of cholinergic parasympathetic neurons in the airways, has no effects per se on mucociliary activity. In order to test the hypothesis that VIP may modulate cholinergic regulation of the mucociliary system, VIP was infused intraarterially (8.4 pmol/kg/min), and the response to challenges with methacholine in the maxillary sinus of rabbits were recorded with a photoelectric technique. Occurrence of VIP-like immunoreactivity in the rabbit maxillary sinus, maxillary nerve, and sphenopalatine ganglion was investigated. Immunoreactivity against VIP was found in nerve fibers in the subepithelial layer of the maxillary sinus and in numerous nerve cell bodies in the sphenopalatine ganglion. Infusion of VIP potentiated the mucociliary increase induced by methacholine. The mucociliary wave frequency change increased from 6.1% +/- 1.7% to 13.3% +/- 3.9% (0.01 micrograms/kg methacholine), from 11.6% +/- 3.6% to 18.8% +/- 2.2% (0.05 micrograms/kg) and from 17.0% +/- 3.0% to 27.4% +/- 3.6% (0.1 micrograms/kg). Both peak responses and response durations increased during infusions. In contrast, the vasodilating agent papaverine sulphate did not influence the mucociliary response to methacholine. The modulating effect of VIP on the mucociliary system, taken together with the morphologic observations, suggest that VIP may have a physiologic role in the regulation of the mucociliary system in the maxillary sinus. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
volume
99
issue
4
pages
401 - 407
publisher
Mosby
external identifiers
  • pmid:3148890
  • scopus:0023769918
ISSN
0194-5998
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
82c9e2a7-bc81-4792-bc50-ab7cce0e71e8 (old id 1104131)
date added to LUP
2008-08-07 11:02:51
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:52:07
@article{82c9e2a7-bc81-4792-bc50-ab7cce0e71e8,
  abstract     = {The neuropeptide vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), which is found in a population of cholinergic parasympathetic neurons in the airways, has no effects per se on mucociliary activity. In order to test the hypothesis that VIP may modulate cholinergic regulation of the mucociliary system, VIP was infused intraarterially (8.4 pmol/kg/min), and the response to challenges with methacholine in the maxillary sinus of rabbits were recorded with a photoelectric technique. Occurrence of VIP-like immunoreactivity in the rabbit maxillary sinus, maxillary nerve, and sphenopalatine ganglion was investigated. Immunoreactivity against VIP was found in nerve fibers in the subepithelial layer of the maxillary sinus and in numerous nerve cell bodies in the sphenopalatine ganglion. Infusion of VIP potentiated the mucociliary increase induced by methacholine. The mucociliary wave frequency change increased from 6.1% +/- 1.7% to 13.3% +/- 3.9% (0.01 micrograms/kg methacholine), from 11.6% +/- 3.6% to 18.8% +/- 2.2% (0.05 micrograms/kg) and from 17.0% +/- 3.0% to 27.4% +/- 3.6% (0.1 micrograms/kg). Both peak responses and response durations increased during infusions. In contrast, the vasodilating agent papaverine sulphate did not influence the mucociliary response to methacholine. The modulating effect of VIP on the mucociliary system, taken together with the morphologic observations, suggest that VIP may have a physiologic role in the regulation of the mucociliary system in the maxillary sinus.},
  author       = {Lindberg, Sven and Cervin, Anders and Mercke, Ulf and Uddman, Rolf},
  issn         = {0194-5998},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {401--407},
  publisher    = {Mosby},
  series       = {Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery},
  title        = {VIP potentiates cholinergic effects on the mucociliary system in the maxillary sinus},
  volume       = {99},
  year         = {1988},
}