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Determination of hexahydrophthalic anhydride in air using gas chromatography

Jönsson, Bo A LU ; Welinder, Hans LU and Skarping, Gunnar LU (1991) In Journal of Chromatography A 558(1). p.247-256
Abstract
Two methods for the determination of hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA) in air were developed. In a solid sorbent method, HHPA was sampled in Amberlite XAD-2 tubes, eluted in toluene and analysed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. The sampling rates were 0.2 and 1.0 l/min. At 15 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity less than 2%) and 27 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity 70%) no breakthrough was observed. However, at 160 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity less than 2%), 6% breakthrough was found. The sampling efficiency of the sampling rates 0.2 and 1.0 l/min did not differ. In a bubbler method, HHPA was sampled in bubblers filled with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide solution. The sodium salt of hexahydrophthalic acid was formed. No... (More)
Two methods for the determination of hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA) in air were developed. In a solid sorbent method, HHPA was sampled in Amberlite XAD-2 tubes, eluted in toluene and analysed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. The sampling rates were 0.2 and 1.0 l/min. At 15 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity less than 2%) and 27 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity 70%) no breakthrough was observed. However, at 160 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity less than 2%), 6% breakthrough was found. The sampling efficiency of the sampling rates 0.2 and 1.0 l/min did not differ. In a bubbler method, HHPA was sampled in bubblers filled with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide solution. The sodium salt of hexahydrophthalic acid was formed. No breakthrough was observed using a sampling rate of 1.0 l/min. The samples were stable during storage for eight weeks in a refrigerator. The HHP acid was esterified with methanol-boron trifluoride and analysed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection. Apparatus for the generation of standard atmospheres of HHPA, in the range of 10-3000 micrograms/m3, was developed using the diffusion principle. For the solid sorbent method the precision (coefficient of variation) of the overall method was 2-7%, and for the bubbler method 3-19% (range 15-160 micrograms HHPA/m3; relative humidity = less than 2-70%). A comparison between the two methods was performed using the standard atmosphere. The concentrations found by the solid sorbent method were 86-98% of those found by the bubbler method (range 15-160 micrograms HHPA per m3; relative humidity = less than 2-70%). In work environment air, 93% was found using the solid sorbent method relative to the bubbler method at a mean concentration of 330 micrograms/m3 (coefficient of variation = 39%; range 200-540 micrograms/m3). For both methods, concentrations greater than 3 micrograms/m3 could be quantified at 60 min sampling with a sampling rate of 1.0 l/min. (Less)
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author
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
Journal of Chromatography A
volume
558
issue
1
pages
247 - 256
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:1744214
  • scopus:0025834225
ISSN
0021-9673
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
09c9501b-2792-445b-9154-8c59811659e8 (old id 1105706)
date added to LUP
2008-08-04 10:03:27
date last changed
2017-01-01 06:39:39
@article{09c9501b-2792-445b-9154-8c59811659e8,
  abstract     = {Two methods for the determination of hexahydrophthalic anhydride (HHPA) in air were developed. In a solid sorbent method, HHPA was sampled in Amberlite XAD-2 tubes, eluted in toluene and analysed by gas chromatography with flame ionization detection. The sampling rates were 0.2 and 1.0 l/min. At 15 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity less than 2%) and 27 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity 70%) no breakthrough was observed. However, at 160 micrograms/m3 (relative humidity less than 2%), 6% breakthrough was found. The sampling efficiency of the sampling rates 0.2 and 1.0 l/min did not differ. In a bubbler method, HHPA was sampled in bubblers filled with 0.1 M sodium hydroxide solution. The sodium salt of hexahydrophthalic acid was formed. No breakthrough was observed using a sampling rate of 1.0 l/min. The samples were stable during storage for eight weeks in a refrigerator. The HHP acid was esterified with methanol-boron trifluoride and analysed by gas chromatography-flame ionization detection. Apparatus for the generation of standard atmospheres of HHPA, in the range of 10-3000 micrograms/m3, was developed using the diffusion principle. For the solid sorbent method the precision (coefficient of variation) of the overall method was 2-7%, and for the bubbler method 3-19% (range 15-160 micrograms HHPA/m3; relative humidity = less than 2-70%). A comparison between the two methods was performed using the standard atmosphere. The concentrations found by the solid sorbent method were 86-98% of those found by the bubbler method (range 15-160 micrograms HHPA per m3; relative humidity = less than 2-70%). In work environment air, 93% was found using the solid sorbent method relative to the bubbler method at a mean concentration of 330 micrograms/m3 (coefficient of variation = 39%; range 200-540 micrograms/m3). For both methods, concentrations greater than 3 micrograms/m3 could be quantified at 60 min sampling with a sampling rate of 1.0 l/min.},
  author       = {Jönsson, Bo A and Welinder, Hans and Skarping, Gunnar},
  issn         = {0021-9673},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {247--256},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Journal of Chromatography A},
  title        = {Determination of hexahydrophthalic anhydride in air using gas chromatography},
  volume       = {558},
  year         = {1991},
}