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Human sputum cathepsin B degrades proteoglycan, is inhibited by a2-macroglobulin and modulated by neutrophil elastase cleavage of cathepsin B precursor and cystatin C

Buttle, David J; Abrahamson, Magnus LU ; Burnett, David; Mort, John S; Barrett, Alan J; Dando, Pamela M and Hill, Susan L (1991) In Biochemical Journal 276. p.325-331
Abstract
The high-Mr alkali-stable form of cathepsin B was purified from purulent human sputum. It was shown to solubilize proteoglycan monomer entrapped in polyacrylamide at a rate comparable with that of human lysosomal cathepsin B. Like the enzyme from lysosomes, sputum cathepsin B was bound by human alpha 2-macroglobulin, which inhibited its action on proteoglycan. Cystatin C in purulent sputum was shown to be the N-terminally truncated form generated by neutrophil elastase cleavage, and sputum cathepsin B was only weakly inhibited by recombinant cystatin C that had been cleaved by neutrophil elastase in vitro. Addition of neutrophil elastase to mucoid sputum led to a 5-fold increase in cathepsin B activity concomitant with a lowering in Mr of... (More)
The high-Mr alkali-stable form of cathepsin B was purified from purulent human sputum. It was shown to solubilize proteoglycan monomer entrapped in polyacrylamide at a rate comparable with that of human lysosomal cathepsin B. Like the enzyme from lysosomes, sputum cathepsin B was bound by human alpha 2-macroglobulin, which inhibited its action on proteoglycan. Cystatin C in purulent sputum was shown to be the N-terminally truncated form generated by neutrophil elastase cleavage, and sputum cathepsin B was only weakly inhibited by recombinant cystatin C that had been cleaved by neutrophil elastase in vitro. Addition of neutrophil elastase to mucoid sputum led to a 5-fold increase in cathepsin B activity concomitant with a lowering in Mr of the cysteine proteinase from 40,000 to 37,000, i.e. the size of the active enzyme purified from purulent sputum. It is concluded that the high-Mr form of cathepsin B present in purulent sputum is a functional proteinase, unlike similar forms of the enzyme secreted by mammary gland in organ culture. The activity of cathepsin B in sputum is modulated by neutrophil elastase, by a combination of inhibitor inactivation and zymogen activation. (Less)
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Biochemical Journal
volume
276
pages
325 - 331
publisher
Portland Press Limited
ISSN
0264-6021
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c862b24b-8bd4-4d73-96df-c88fb8d1fa1f (old id 1106089)
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http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=1710889
http://www.biochemj.org/bj/276/bj2760325.htm
date added to LUP
2008-08-01 09:42:30
date last changed
2016-04-16 04:32:28
@article{c862b24b-8bd4-4d73-96df-c88fb8d1fa1f,
  abstract     = {The high-Mr alkali-stable form of cathepsin B was purified from purulent human sputum. It was shown to solubilize proteoglycan monomer entrapped in polyacrylamide at a rate comparable with that of human lysosomal cathepsin B. Like the enzyme from lysosomes, sputum cathepsin B was bound by human alpha 2-macroglobulin, which inhibited its action on proteoglycan. Cystatin C in purulent sputum was shown to be the N-terminally truncated form generated by neutrophil elastase cleavage, and sputum cathepsin B was only weakly inhibited by recombinant cystatin C that had been cleaved by neutrophil elastase in vitro. Addition of neutrophil elastase to mucoid sputum led to a 5-fold increase in cathepsin B activity concomitant with a lowering in Mr of the cysteine proteinase from 40,000 to 37,000, i.e. the size of the active enzyme purified from purulent sputum. It is concluded that the high-Mr form of cathepsin B present in purulent sputum is a functional proteinase, unlike similar forms of the enzyme secreted by mammary gland in organ culture. The activity of cathepsin B in sputum is modulated by neutrophil elastase, by a combination of inhibitor inactivation and zymogen activation.},
  author       = {Buttle, David J and Abrahamson, Magnus and Burnett, David and Mort, John S and Barrett, Alan J and Dando, Pamela M and Hill, Susan L},
  issn         = {0264-6021},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {325--331},
  publisher    = {Portland Press Limited},
  series       = {Biochemical Journal},
  title        = {Human sputum cathepsin B degrades proteoglycan, is inhibited by a2-macroglobulin and modulated by neutrophil elastase cleavage of cathepsin B precursor and cystatin C},
  volume       = {276},
  year         = {1991},
}