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Disorders of the neck and upper limbs in women in the fish processing industry

Ohlsson, Kerstina LU ; Hansson, Gert-Åke LU ; Balogh, Istvan LU ; Strömberg, Ulf LU ; Pålsson, Birgitta LU ; Nordander, Catarina LU ; Rylander, Lars LU and Skerfving, Staffan LU (1994) In Occupational and Environmental Medicine 51(12). p.826-832
Abstract
OBJECTIVE--The aim was to study the association between personal factors and physical and psychosocial work environment factors and disorders of the neck or upper limbs among women in the fish processing industry. METHODS--A cross sectional study was performed on 206 women in the fish processing industry and 208 control women. Several physical and psychosocial work environment factors were evaluated. Subjective complaints about the neck or upper limbs were assessed by questionnaire and by a clinical examination. RESULTS--The study showed a high prevalence (35%) of diagnoses in the neck or shoulders of the exposed women. All prevalence odds ratios (POR's) were substantially higher in young women. There was a pronounced dose-response... (More)
OBJECTIVE--The aim was to study the association between personal factors and physical and psychosocial work environment factors and disorders of the neck or upper limbs among women in the fish processing industry. METHODS--A cross sectional study was performed on 206 women in the fish processing industry and 208 control women. Several physical and psychosocial work environment factors were evaluated. Subjective complaints about the neck or upper limbs were assessed by questionnaire and by a clinical examination. RESULTS--The study showed a high prevalence (35%) of diagnoses in the neck or shoulders of the exposed women. All prevalence odds ratios (POR's) were substantially higher in young women. There was a pronounced dose-response relation between disorders of the neck or shoulders and duration of employment for women < 45 years old. When studying 322 former workers, the proportion who claimed musculoskeletal complaints as the reason for leaving was highest among the older women. Muscular tension, stress or worry, work strain, and the largest fraction of the work time spent with highly repetitive work tasks were clearly associated with disorders of the neck or shoulders. The measurements of the wrist movements also showed that the work was performed almost without any pauses and that the median flexion and extension velocity was high (41 degree/s). The results of observation showed good agreement with the measurements of wrist motion. CONCLUSION--Work in the fish processing industry is a risk factor for disorders of the neck and upper limbs. Due to the homogenity of the physical work load in the exposed group, we could not show any associations between the objective measurements and disorders. In cross sectional studies the risk may be underestimated due to a healthy worker effect. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
volume
51
issue
12
pages
826 - 832
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • pmid:7849867
ISSN
1470-7926
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
39dd96fe-a689-4487-af63-47a2e106cb34 (old id 1108168)
date added to LUP
2008-07-23 15:02:05
date last changed
2016-04-16 02:54:02
@article{39dd96fe-a689-4487-af63-47a2e106cb34,
  abstract     = {OBJECTIVE--The aim was to study the association between personal factors and physical and psychosocial work environment factors and disorders of the neck or upper limbs among women in the fish processing industry. METHODS--A cross sectional study was performed on 206 women in the fish processing industry and 208 control women. Several physical and psychosocial work environment factors were evaluated. Subjective complaints about the neck or upper limbs were assessed by questionnaire and by a clinical examination. RESULTS--The study showed a high prevalence (35%) of diagnoses in the neck or shoulders of the exposed women. All prevalence odds ratios (POR's) were substantially higher in young women. There was a pronounced dose-response relation between disorders of the neck or shoulders and duration of employment for women &lt; 45 years old. When studying 322 former workers, the proportion who claimed musculoskeletal complaints as the reason for leaving was highest among the older women. Muscular tension, stress or worry, work strain, and the largest fraction of the work time spent with highly repetitive work tasks were clearly associated with disorders of the neck or shoulders. The measurements of the wrist movements also showed that the work was performed almost without any pauses and that the median flexion and extension velocity was high (41 degree/s). The results of observation showed good agreement with the measurements of wrist motion. CONCLUSION--Work in the fish processing industry is a risk factor for disorders of the neck and upper limbs. Due to the homogenity of the physical work load in the exposed group, we could not show any associations between the objective measurements and disorders. In cross sectional studies the risk may be underestimated due to a healthy worker effect.},
  author       = {Ohlsson, Kerstina and Hansson, Gert-Åke and Balogh, Istvan and Strömberg, Ulf and Pålsson, Birgitta and Nordander, Catarina and Rylander, Lars and Skerfving, Staffan},
  issn         = {1470-7926},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {826--832},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  title        = {Disorders of the neck and upper limbs in women in the fish processing industry},
  volume       = {51},
  year         = {1994},
}