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Cyclic adenosine monophosphate stimulation of mucociliary activity in the upper airways in vivo

Cervin, Anders LU ; Dolata, J; Lindberg, Sven LU and Mercke, Ulf LU (1995) In Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology 104(5). p.388-393
Abstract
Xanthine derivatives are known to accelerate mucociliary transport in the lower airways, probably by preventing degradation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and thereby increasing its intracellular concentration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cAMP on mucociliary activity in the upper airways. The effect on the mucociliary activity in the rabbit maxillary sinus of the xanthine derivatives theophylline and enprophylline was compared to that of the cAMP analog dibutyryl cAMP. The compounds were administered into the maxillary artery, and the response was recorded with a photoelectric technique. Infusions of theophylline (1.0 and 10 mg/kg) increased mucociliary activity (22.8% +/- 5.9%, n = 6, and 21.6%... (More)
Xanthine derivatives are known to accelerate mucociliary transport in the lower airways, probably by preventing degradation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and thereby increasing its intracellular concentration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cAMP on mucociliary activity in the upper airways. The effect on the mucociliary activity in the rabbit maxillary sinus of the xanthine derivatives theophylline and enprophylline was compared to that of the cAMP analog dibutyryl cAMP. The compounds were administered into the maxillary artery, and the response was recorded with a photoelectric technique. Infusions of theophylline (1.0 and 10 mg/kg) increased mucociliary activity (22.8% +/- 5.9%, n = 6, and 21.6% +/- 4.9%, n = 7, p < .05, respectively). Infusions of enprophylline (1.0 and 10.0 mg/kg) accelerated mucociliary activity (at the highest dosage tested, 24.3% +/- 4.1%). Infusions of dibutyryl cAMP (0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) stimulated mucociliary activity, with the maximum increase (20.1% +/- 3.0%, n = 13, p < .05) being observed at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg. The infused substances increased mucociliary activity within 1 minute after the start of the infusion, the duration of the response being approximately 20 minutes for theophylline, 22 minutes for enprophylline, and 12 minutes for dibutyryl cAMP. The present results support the view that cAMP is involved in regulating mucociliary activity in the upper airways. It remains to be elucidated whether xanthines such as theophylline and enprophylline are beneficial in upper airway disease in which mucociliary function is impaired (eg, chronic sinusitis). (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology
volume
104
issue
5
pages
388 - 393
publisher
Annals Publishing Company
external identifiers
  • pmid:7747910
  • scopus:0029059445
ISSN
0003-4894
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
435cf2d1-748a-46ac-99df-03daaecb113d (old id 1109070)
date added to LUP
2008-07-25 13:04:54
date last changed
2017-01-01 07:26:28
@article{435cf2d1-748a-46ac-99df-03daaecb113d,
  abstract     = {Xanthine derivatives are known to accelerate mucociliary transport in the lower airways, probably by preventing degradation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and thereby increasing its intracellular concentration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cAMP on mucociliary activity in the upper airways. The effect on the mucociliary activity in the rabbit maxillary sinus of the xanthine derivatives theophylline and enprophylline was compared to that of the cAMP analog dibutyryl cAMP. The compounds were administered into the maxillary artery, and the response was recorded with a photoelectric technique. Infusions of theophylline (1.0 and 10 mg/kg) increased mucociliary activity (22.8% +/- 5.9%, n = 6, and 21.6% +/- 4.9%, n = 7, p &lt; .05, respectively). Infusions of enprophylline (1.0 and 10.0 mg/kg) accelerated mucociliary activity (at the highest dosage tested, 24.3% +/- 4.1%). Infusions of dibutyryl cAMP (0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) stimulated mucociliary activity, with the maximum increase (20.1% +/- 3.0%, n = 13, p &lt; .05) being observed at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg. The infused substances increased mucociliary activity within 1 minute after the start of the infusion, the duration of the response being approximately 20 minutes for theophylline, 22 minutes for enprophylline, and 12 minutes for dibutyryl cAMP. The present results support the view that cAMP is involved in regulating mucociliary activity in the upper airways. It remains to be elucidated whether xanthines such as theophylline and enprophylline are beneficial in upper airway disease in which mucociliary function is impaired (eg, chronic sinusitis).},
  author       = {Cervin, Anders and Dolata, J and Lindberg, Sven and Mercke, Ulf},
  issn         = {0003-4894},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {388--393},
  publisher    = {Annals Publishing Company},
  series       = {Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology},
  title        = {Cyclic adenosine monophosphate stimulation of mucociliary activity in the upper airways in vivo},
  volume       = {104},
  year         = {1995},
}