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Quantitative aspects of swallowing in an elderly nondysphagic population

Nilsson, Håkan; Ekberg, Olle LU ; Olsson, Rolf LU and Hindfelt, Bengt (1996) In Dysphagia 11(3). p.180-184
Abstract
The prevalence of swallowing impairment increases with age and is a major health care problem in the elderly. It has been assumed that age-related changes in nerves and muscles hamper muscle strength and coordination of swallowing. However, it is unclear what impairment is related to primary aging and what is the consequence of diseases prevalent in the elderly (secondary aging). In order to quantify swallowing in nondysphagic elderly we used the noninvasive ROSS (Repetitive Oral Suction Swallow) test. A total of 53 individuals aged 76 +/- 5 years (mean +/- SD) were examined. We found that the nondysphagic elderly demonstrated significant differences compared with young individuals in 10 of 17 measured variables, i.e., decreased peak... (More)
The prevalence of swallowing impairment increases with age and is a major health care problem in the elderly. It has been assumed that age-related changes in nerves and muscles hamper muscle strength and coordination of swallowing. However, it is unclear what impairment is related to primary aging and what is the consequence of diseases prevalent in the elderly (secondary aging). In order to quantify swallowing in nondysphagic elderly we used the noninvasive ROSS (Repetitive Oral Suction Swallow) test. A total of 53 individuals aged 76 +/- 5 years (mean +/- SD) were examined. We found that the nondysphagic elderly demonstrated significant differences compared with young individuals in 10 of 17 measured variables, i.e., decreased peak suction pressure, increased frequency of multiple swallows after one ingestion, increased frequency of polyphasic laryngeal movements, increased frequency of inspiration after swallowing, and increased frequency of coughing during or after swallowing. Therefore, primary aging mainly seems to influence coordination of swallowing, but oral and pharyngeal swallow per se seem to be unaffected. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Elderly, Nondysphagic, Repetitive oral suction swallow test, Deglutition, Deglutition disorders
in
Dysphagia
volume
11
issue
3
pages
180 - 184
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • pmid:8755461
  • scopus:0029759137
ISSN
1432-0460
DOI
10.1007/BF00366381
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
80cbd74b-616a-4753-94f4-c73837e8dea7 (old id 1110373)
date added to LUP
2008-07-28 09:09:56
date last changed
2017-10-22 03:43:35
@article{80cbd74b-616a-4753-94f4-c73837e8dea7,
  abstract     = {The prevalence of swallowing impairment increases with age and is a major health care problem in the elderly. It has been assumed that age-related changes in nerves and muscles hamper muscle strength and coordination of swallowing. However, it is unclear what impairment is related to primary aging and what is the consequence of diseases prevalent in the elderly (secondary aging). In order to quantify swallowing in nondysphagic elderly we used the noninvasive ROSS (Repetitive Oral Suction Swallow) test. A total of 53 individuals aged 76 +/- 5 years (mean +/- SD) were examined. We found that the nondysphagic elderly demonstrated significant differences compared with young individuals in 10 of 17 measured variables, i.e., decreased peak suction pressure, increased frequency of multiple swallows after one ingestion, increased frequency of polyphasic laryngeal movements, increased frequency of inspiration after swallowing, and increased frequency of coughing during or after swallowing. Therefore, primary aging mainly seems to influence coordination of swallowing, but oral and pharyngeal swallow per se seem to be unaffected.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Håkan and Ekberg, Olle and Olsson, Rolf and Hindfelt, Bengt},
  issn         = {1432-0460},
  keyword      = {Elderly,Nondysphagic,Repetitive oral suction swallow test,Deglutition,Deglutition disorders},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {180--184},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Dysphagia},
  title        = {Quantitative aspects of swallowing in an elderly nondysphagic population},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00366381},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {1996},
}