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Prostanoid release after lung transplantation

Kimblad, P O; Green, K; Sjöberg, Trygve LU and Steen, Stig LU (1996) In The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation 15(10). p.999-1004
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Increased pulmonary vascular resistance is frequently seen after lung transplantation. Thromboxane A2 is a potent vasoconstrictor of pulmonary arteries. Thromboxane-elicited vasoconstriction can ben counteracted by prostacyclin. The effects of lung transplantation on the biosynthesis of these substances were investigated. METHODS: Pulmonary artery flush perfusion with a low-potassium dextran glucose solution was performed in six donor pigs. After a 24-hour storage period, the left lung was transplanted into a recipient, followed by right pneumonectomy, making the recipient's survival entirely dependent on the transplanted lung. A sham operation (bilateral thoracotomy, right pneumonectomy) ws done in six pigs. the urine contents... (More)
BACKGROUND: Increased pulmonary vascular resistance is frequently seen after lung transplantation. Thromboxane A2 is a potent vasoconstrictor of pulmonary arteries. Thromboxane-elicited vasoconstriction can ben counteracted by prostacyclin. The effects of lung transplantation on the biosynthesis of these substances were investigated. METHODS: Pulmonary artery flush perfusion with a low-potassium dextran glucose solution was performed in six donor pigs. After a 24-hour storage period, the left lung was transplanted into a recipient, followed by right pneumonectomy, making the recipient's survival entirely dependent on the transplanted lung. A sham operation (bilateral thoracotomy, right pneumonectomy) ws done in six pigs. the urine contents of the stable thromboxane A2 metabolite 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and the stable prostacyclin metabolite 2,3-dinor-6-keto-protaglandin F1 alpha were measured with a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method. RESULTS: One to four hours after reperfusion, thromboxane A2 production reached its maximum in both groups: it ws fivefold the basal value in the transplanted group, but only twofold in the sham-operated group, the difference being significant (p < 0.005). Twenty to twenty-four hours after reperfusion, thromboxane A2 production had stabilized at about twofold the basal value in both the transplanted and in the sham-operated group. Four to eight hours after reperfusion, prostacyclin production reached 15 times the basal value in the transplanted group and twofold in the sham-operated group, the difference being significant (p < 0.05). Twenty to twenty-four hours after reperfusion, prostacyclin production was 18-fold the basal value in the transplanted group and sevenfold in the sham-operated group. No correlation was found between the thromboxane or prostacyclin production and the pulmonary vascular resistance or the mean pulmonary arterial pressure. CONCLUSIONS: The thromboxane A2 production increased fivefold after lung transplantation, with a concomitant 15-fold increase in prostacyclin synthesis, which might have counteracted the vasoconstrictor effect of thromboxane. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
volume
15
issue
10
pages
999 - 1004
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • pmid:8913917
  • scopus:0029917404
ISSN
1557-3117
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
abfe2306-b6f8-4844-be7a-c0d6ad15fcb3 (old id 1111047)
date added to LUP
2008-07-25 13:55:56
date last changed
2017-01-01 04:29:23
@article{abfe2306-b6f8-4844-be7a-c0d6ad15fcb3,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Increased pulmonary vascular resistance is frequently seen after lung transplantation. Thromboxane A2 is a potent vasoconstrictor of pulmonary arteries. Thromboxane-elicited vasoconstriction can ben counteracted by prostacyclin. The effects of lung transplantation on the biosynthesis of these substances were investigated. METHODS: Pulmonary artery flush perfusion with a low-potassium dextran glucose solution was performed in six donor pigs. After a 24-hour storage period, the left lung was transplanted into a recipient, followed by right pneumonectomy, making the recipient's survival entirely dependent on the transplanted lung. A sham operation (bilateral thoracotomy, right pneumonectomy) ws done in six pigs. the urine contents of the stable thromboxane A2 metabolite 2,3-dinor-thromboxane B2 and the stable prostacyclin metabolite 2,3-dinor-6-keto-protaglandin F1 alpha were measured with a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method. RESULTS: One to four hours after reperfusion, thromboxane A2 production reached its maximum in both groups: it ws fivefold the basal value in the transplanted group, but only twofold in the sham-operated group, the difference being significant (p &lt; 0.005). Twenty to twenty-four hours after reperfusion, thromboxane A2 production had stabilized at about twofold the basal value in both the transplanted and in the sham-operated group. Four to eight hours after reperfusion, prostacyclin production reached 15 times the basal value in the transplanted group and twofold in the sham-operated group, the difference being significant (p &lt; 0.05). Twenty to twenty-four hours after reperfusion, prostacyclin production was 18-fold the basal value in the transplanted group and sevenfold in the sham-operated group. No correlation was found between the thromboxane or prostacyclin production and the pulmonary vascular resistance or the mean pulmonary arterial pressure. CONCLUSIONS: The thromboxane A2 production increased fivefold after lung transplantation, with a concomitant 15-fold increase in prostacyclin synthesis, which might have counteracted the vasoconstrictor effect of thromboxane.},
  author       = {Kimblad, P O and Green, K and Sjöberg, Trygve and Steen, Stig},
  issn         = {1557-3117},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {999--1004},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation},
  title        = {Prostanoid release after lung transplantation},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {1996},
}