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Protein kinase A-dependent and -independent stimulation of exocytosis by cAMP in mouse pancreatic B-cells

Renström, Erik LU ; Eliasson, Lena LU and Rorsman, Patrik LU (1997) In Journal of Physiology 502(1). p.105-118
Abstract
1. The mechanisms by which cAMP stimulates Ca(2+)-dependent insulin secretion were investigated by combining measurements of whole-cell Ca2+ currents, the cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and membrane capacitance in single mouse B-cells maintained in tissue culture. 2. Cyclic AMP stimulated exocytosis > 4-fold in whole-cell experiments in which secretion was evoked by intracellular dialysis with a Ca(2+)-EGTA buffer with a [Ca2+]i of 1.5 microM. This effect was antagonized by inhibitors of protein kinase A (PKA). 3. Photorelease of cAMP from a caged precursor potentiated exocytosis at Ca2+ concentrations which were themselves stimulatory (> or = 60 nM), but was without effect in the complete absence of Ca2+. 4. Elevation... (More)
1. The mechanisms by which cAMP stimulates Ca(2+)-dependent insulin secretion were investigated by combining measurements of whole-cell Ca2+ currents, the cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and membrane capacitance in single mouse B-cells maintained in tissue culture. 2. Cyclic AMP stimulated exocytosis > 4-fold in whole-cell experiments in which secretion was evoked by intracellular dialysis with a Ca(2+)-EGTA buffer with a [Ca2+]i of 1.5 microM. This effect was antagonized by inhibitors of protein kinase A (PKA). 3. Photorelease of cAMP from a caged precursor potentiated exocytosis at Ca2+ concentrations which were themselves stimulatory (> or = 60 nM), but was without effect in the complete absence of Ca2+. 4. Elevation of intracellular cAMP (by exposure to forskolin) evoked a 6-fold PKA-dependent enhancement of the maximal exocytotic response (determined as the maximum increase in cell capacitance that could be elicited by a train of depolarizations) in perforated-patch whole-cell recordings. 5. Exocytosis triggered by single depolarizations in standard whole-cell recordings was strongly potentiated by cAMP, but in this case the effect was unaffected by PKA inhibition. 6. When exocytosis was triggered by Ca2+ released from Ca(2+)-NP-EGTA ('caged Ca2+'), cAMP exerted a dual stimulatory effect on secretion: a rapid (initiated within 80 ms) PKA-independent phase and a late PKA-dependent component. 7. We conclude that cAMP stimulates insulin secretion both by increasing the release probability of secretory granules already in the readily releasable pool and by accelerating the refilling of this pool. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Journal of Physiology
volume
502
issue
1
pages
105 - 118
publisher
The Physiological Society
external identifiers
  • pmid:9234200
  • scopus:0030792753
ISSN
1469-7793
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
f209da84-dc28-4205-8e3b-790d1e7bbe5c (old id 1111206)
alternative location
http://jp.physoc.org/cgi/reprint/502/Pt_1/105.pdf
date added to LUP
2008-07-16 17:14:47
date last changed
2017-08-06 04:28:22
@article{f209da84-dc28-4205-8e3b-790d1e7bbe5c,
  abstract     = {1. The mechanisms by which cAMP stimulates Ca(2+)-dependent insulin secretion were investigated by combining measurements of whole-cell Ca2+ currents, the cytoplasmic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and membrane capacitance in single mouse B-cells maintained in tissue culture. 2. Cyclic AMP stimulated exocytosis > 4-fold in whole-cell experiments in which secretion was evoked by intracellular dialysis with a Ca(2+)-EGTA buffer with a [Ca2+]i of 1.5 microM. This effect was antagonized by inhibitors of protein kinase A (PKA). 3. Photorelease of cAMP from a caged precursor potentiated exocytosis at Ca2+ concentrations which were themselves stimulatory (> or = 60 nM), but was without effect in the complete absence of Ca2+. 4. Elevation of intracellular cAMP (by exposure to forskolin) evoked a 6-fold PKA-dependent enhancement of the maximal exocytotic response (determined as the maximum increase in cell capacitance that could be elicited by a train of depolarizations) in perforated-patch whole-cell recordings. 5. Exocytosis triggered by single depolarizations in standard whole-cell recordings was strongly potentiated by cAMP, but in this case the effect was unaffected by PKA inhibition. 6. When exocytosis was triggered by Ca2+ released from Ca(2+)-NP-EGTA ('caged Ca2+'), cAMP exerted a dual stimulatory effect on secretion: a rapid (initiated within 80 ms) PKA-independent phase and a late PKA-dependent component. 7. We conclude that cAMP stimulates insulin secretion both by increasing the release probability of secretory granules already in the readily releasable pool and by accelerating the refilling of this pool.},
  author       = {Renström, Erik and Eliasson, Lena and Rorsman, Patrik},
  issn         = {1469-7793},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {105--118},
  publisher    = {The Physiological Society},
  series       = {Journal of Physiology},
  title        = {Protein kinase A-dependent and -independent stimulation of exocytosis by cAMP in mouse pancreatic B-cells},
  volume       = {502},
  year         = {1997},
}