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Reduced testosterone, 17 beta-oestradiol and sexual hormone binding globulin, and increased insulin-like growth factor-1 concentrations, in healthy nulligravid women aged 19-25 years who were first and/or second degree relatives to breast cancer patients

Jernström, Helena LU ; Olsson, Håkan LU and Borg, Åke LU (1997) In European Journal of Cancer Prevention 6(4). p.330-340
Abstract
Differences in hormonal and constitutional parameters between women with at least one first and/or second degree relative with breast cancer (RBC) and women without such affected relatives were studied in a group of healthy, nulligravid women aged 19-25 years. Present oral contraceptive (OC) users were analysed separately. In women not presently exposed to OCs we found significant correlations between RBC and reduced concentrations of testosterone during both the follicular (P < 0.001) and luteal menstrual cycle phases (P = 0.016). 17 beta-oestradiol was also significantly negatively correlated with RBC in the follicular (P = 0.044) and in the luteal phase (P = 0.027). RBC was significantly correlated with a lower waist/hip ratio (P =... (More)
Differences in hormonal and constitutional parameters between women with at least one first and/or second degree relative with breast cancer (RBC) and women without such affected relatives were studied in a group of healthy, nulligravid women aged 19-25 years. Present oral contraceptive (OC) users were analysed separately. In women not presently exposed to OCs we found significant correlations between RBC and reduced concentrations of testosterone during both the follicular (P < 0.001) and luteal menstrual cycle phases (P = 0.016). 17 beta-oestradiol was also significantly negatively correlated with RBC in the follicular (P = 0.044) and in the luteal phase (P = 0.027). RBC was significantly correlated with a lower waist/hip ratio (P = 0.044) compared with women without such a history. In multivariate analyses, the results for testosterone but not 17 beta-oestradiol remained significant. In these analyses high IGF-1 (P = 0.05) in the follicular phase and low sexual hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) (P = 0.04) in the luteal phase were also related to RBC. Including all 66 women in a multivariate model that analysed the specific effects from OCs and RBC on plasma testosterone showed that plasma testosterone was significantly lower among present OC users (P = 0.004) and in women with RBC (P = 0.005) during cycle days 5-10, with a significant positive two-way interaction between present OC use and RBC (P = 0.007). During cycle days 18-23 plasma testosterone showed a significant negative relationship with present OC use (P < 0.001) and RBC (P = 0.016) no significant interaction was seen during cycle days 18-23. Factors not significantly related to RBC were height, weight, breast size, age at menarche, p-progesterone and p-prolactin. It is concluded that a family history of breast cancer significantly lowered plasma testosterone concentrations in both cycle phases among healthy, nulligravid women compared with women without such history. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
European Journal of Cancer Prevention
volume
6
issue
4
pages
330 - 340
publisher
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
external identifiers
  • pmid:9370095
ISSN
1473-5709
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
0f6d75e3-308a-4cbc-bd06-db056f230cf0 (old id 1111577)
date added to LUP
2008-07-17 16:19:28
date last changed
2016-10-07 15:11:35
@article{0f6d75e3-308a-4cbc-bd06-db056f230cf0,
  abstract     = {Differences in hormonal and constitutional parameters between women with at least one first and/or second degree relative with breast cancer (RBC) and women without such affected relatives were studied in a group of healthy, nulligravid women aged 19-25 years. Present oral contraceptive (OC) users were analysed separately. In women not presently exposed to OCs we found significant correlations between RBC and reduced concentrations of testosterone during both the follicular (P &lt; 0.001) and luteal menstrual cycle phases (P = 0.016). 17 beta-oestradiol was also significantly negatively correlated with RBC in the follicular (P = 0.044) and in the luteal phase (P = 0.027). RBC was significantly correlated with a lower waist/hip ratio (P = 0.044) compared with women without such a history. In multivariate analyses, the results for testosterone but not 17 beta-oestradiol remained significant. In these analyses high IGF-1 (P = 0.05) in the follicular phase and low sexual hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) (P = 0.04) in the luteal phase were also related to RBC. Including all 66 women in a multivariate model that analysed the specific effects from OCs and RBC on plasma testosterone showed that plasma testosterone was significantly lower among present OC users (P = 0.004) and in women with RBC (P = 0.005) during cycle days 5-10, with a significant positive two-way interaction between present OC use and RBC (P = 0.007). During cycle days 18-23 plasma testosterone showed a significant negative relationship with present OC use (P &lt; 0.001) and RBC (P = 0.016) no significant interaction was seen during cycle days 18-23. Factors not significantly related to RBC were height, weight, breast size, age at menarche, p-progesterone and p-prolactin. It is concluded that a family history of breast cancer significantly lowered plasma testosterone concentrations in both cycle phases among healthy, nulligravid women compared with women without such history.},
  author       = {Jernström, Helena and Olsson, Håkan and Borg, Åke},
  issn         = {1473-5709},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {330--340},
  publisher    = {Lippincott Williams & Wilkins},
  series       = {European Journal of Cancer Prevention},
  title        = {Reduced testosterone, 17 beta-oestradiol and sexual hormone binding globulin, and increased insulin-like growth factor-1 concentrations, in healthy nulligravid women aged 19-25 years who were first and/or second degree relatives to breast cancer patients},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {1997},
}